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Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

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McKenna Eckerline

on 13 December 2010

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Transcript of Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Almanac Family Education Military Electricity "The First American" Organizations The Auto Biography of Benjamin Franklin Vegetarian Religion Life When Ben was young, he and his family were Presbyterian Christians, but Ben wasn't accepting of most of the Puritan ideas other than the omniscent God. Parents Ben's parents' names were Abiah & Josiah Franklin. They held a strong marriage for fifty-five years. Abiah lived to be eighty-five years old and Josiah lived to be eighty-nine. Ben's Son's Death Marriage Ben was born on January 17th, 1706 on Milk Street in Boston and died at the age of eighty-four on April 17, 1790. At seventeen, Ben proposed to fifteen-year-old Deborah Read and married her on September 1st, 1730. In 1736, Ben's son, four-year-old Francis died of smallpox. The inspiration behind Ben's vegetetarian diet came from a a book by one Tryon that he read at the age of sixteen. It was an inconvenience when eating food prepared by others, especially his brother whom he stayed with. Beginnings Ben's older brother, James started a newspaper (the second ever in the USA after the Boston News-Letter) called the New England Courant. Ben worked as an apprentice for James. Keimer's Printing House Keimer's Printing House belonged to an acquaintance of Ben's; Keimer. Ben fixed it up and got it running. Printing With connections from Ben's friend Hamilton, Ben got a job printing Newcastle paper money. Newcastle One of Ben's early experiments proved that lightning and electricity are the same thing. Foreign Languages In 1733, Ben began to learn foreign languages. He studied French, Italian, Spanish and Latin. In 1732, Ben published the first almanac, which gradually gained the name, "Poor Richard's Almanac" because it was under the name of Richard Saunders. He made almost $10,000 (a few hundred thousand today) profit anually. Ben put original proverbs in the Almanack of 1757. It was written in English and French. United Party for Virtue The Junto Union Fire Company Ben was a member of the Union Fire Company; a group with monthly meetings to buy fire-fighting equipment for fire companies. This was the first fire department in Pennsylvania. The United Party for Virtue was a group of virtuous men from around the world who strived to follow ethical and good rules to be even better men. The Junto was a secret club of twelve to improve the community wholly and get the people more involved in governmental matters. Ben was a leader in the Pontiac's Rebellion which was a war against American Indians in Pennsylvania and the western frontier. Ben was assisted by his son, William. Ben's interests led him to study natural philosophy, particularly the electric stem. In 1753, he received his Master of Arts from the College of Cambridge and a similar honor from Yale University without attending either school. He also didn't finish his schooling at the Boston Latin School in his childhood. McKenna Eckerline Virtues Book of Virtues Ben made a "little book of virtues" that had seven columns for the seven days in a week with a note for each day. Philosophical Society After years of attempts in opening an academy, Ben successfully created a philosophical society in 1744. In his autobiography, he was too modest to say that he was the first elected president of this society. University of Philadelphia Ben was a trustee of the University of Philedalphia (later named the University of Pnnsylvania) from the time of establishment. External Resources Inventions Ben invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, the carriage odometer, the glass harmonica and the flexible urinary catheter. Library Ben opened the first public library in America. Ben's philosophy was that a community could only thrive if its members were virtuous. He wanted to influence people to volunteer for the goodwill of others. Wikipedia.com
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