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Timeline of Water Transport

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on 31 July 2013

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Transcript of Timeline of Water Transport

Timeline of Water Transport
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Thousands of years ago
were made by tying logs together with creepers.
2500 BC
The Egyptians now built
wooden boats
that were suitable for sailing the oceans.
1450 onwards...
Wooden ships
with three or four sails were used for the next few centuries. They were used as battleships and also served as trade vessels to carry cargo to and from countries for merchants and explorers .
Stern wheelers
were steam driven river boats that had rear paddles, while other steam powered river boats had paddle wheels on either side.
were used as water taxis or ferries . They rode on wings that lifted clear of the water so that it rode on 'skis' as it gained speed.
A bit more later...
Frame boats
were made like a basket and covered with animal skins and a coating of tar to keep them watertight.
4000 BC
Ancient Egyptians
used reeds to build the
first sailing boats
. They had a mast and sails and were used on the river Nile.
1550 - 300 BC
The Phoenicians
were people from the ancient civilisation of Canaan (now Lebanon and Syria). Along with the
Ancient Greeks
, they made
the galley
which was a man-powered sailing vessel used to travel, trade and fight with their neighbours.
1000 AD
Viking longboats
were made with sails and could hold 60 oarsmen to row the ship. The boats were long and narrow so the could sail both the open oceans and rivers.
1100 AD
Chinese junks
were sailing boats with a rudder for steering and battens on the sails to strengthen them. They also had watertight compartments which was long before Western ships had them. These 'junks' were used for fighting and transport.
Clipper ships
were fast sailing ships that had long, slim hulls and tall masts.
The first
crossed the Atlantic Ocean by combining wind and steam power.
Ocean-going liner
made of iron and driven by a propeller started to be built from this time.
float above the waves on cushions of air. They are capable of high speeds of up to 140 km/h.
Coal burning sailing ships were converted to diesel power, using oil instead of steam.
The 'N.S. Savannah' was one of the first
nuclear powered cargo ships
. It was able to sail for 'three and a half years' before having to refuel!
Container ships
carry cargo in huge metal boxes stacked on the deck. All containers were the same size and were unloaded by a crane and then loaded onto trucks which took them away from the port.
are among the largest ships built and are used to transport oil around the world.
Cruise liners
are ships that carry hundreds of people on a floating holiday. The passengers live on the ship and have access to restaurants, shops, cinemas and other recreation venues which are also on the ship.
Logs were hollowed out to make the first 'real' boats.
nuclear powered aircraft carriers, battle cruisers, destroyers and nuclear powered submarines
are all used to keep a country safe and to protect its territory.
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