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causes and effects of the Renaissance

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Molly Cottingham

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of causes and effects of the Renaissance

In the beginning...
The word Renaissance means "rebirth" in French. This time period, ranging from the 14th to the 17th century, began in the city of Florence, Italy.

Leaders and Art

Cause: The style of art in the Renaissance changed by using math to make their art proportional (golden mean). Artists also began to show interest in the human body.

Effect: Artists need someone to buy the art so the leaders of Italy, the “new men” (men without a large political background), set out to make themselves known by having huge portraits and statues made.

Francesco Petrarch was a scholar who introduced the idea of
. This simply stated that life as they knew it did not have to be so difficult.

Cause: He began to teach
the ideology of

Effect: Humanist
was both theoretical
and practical, making
them better equipped
to run governments.

The Plague

Cause: Black Death killed over half of Europe’s total population.

Effect: Due to so many lives lost, merchants and traders lost money. They had no one to sell to.


Cause: Sailors had better instruments, maps, and ships. Ships could endure longer journeys.

Effect: Many new lands were discovered and colonized. Valuables were brought back such as gold, ivory, spices, and exotic cloths.

Cause: Petrarch triggered the love and understanding of books.

Effect: More universities, libraries, and other places of learning opened up to the masses.

Cause: Books came from the east, back to western Europe through merchants and scholars.

Effect: The printing press was developed because, for the first time in a long time, people could afford to buy books.

causes and effects of the Renaissance
Books, books, and more books
The Plague cont.

Cause: After the plague, the population slowly began to grow.

Effect: A new class of bankers, merchants, and tradespeople emerged - the middle class. This in turn caused people to become wealthier and with it came a new way of life. This included larger homes, more luxuries, and more free time to be devoted to learning and developing hobbies.

From the Renaissance came the significance of education, art, and a basic idea of humanism. Times changed from a dark, medieval time to an age of enlightenment.
"English Online." The Renaissance. Web. 20 Apr. 2015. <http://www.english-online.at/history/renaissance/renaissance-rebirth-of-europe.htm>.

Wilde, Robert. "The Causes of the Renaissance - A Guide." Web. 20 Apr. 2015. <http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/therenaissance/a/causesrenaissance.htm>.

All images from google images.
Medieval Art
Renaissance Art
Full transcript