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PHOTOGRAPHY - UNIT 2

Unit 2
by

Isabelle Broughton

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of PHOTOGRAPHY - UNIT 2

Unit 2 - Photo Montage
1st Film - Signs - film taken in stockbridge
Best Photograph
Favourite
Photograph
KEY
IMAGES
4th Film Influences - Tierney Gearon - Layering
2nd Film - Signs & a 'looking along' perspective
Favourite
Best
KEY
IMAGES
4th Film - Signs through Glass - layering
IMPROVEMENTS - TRANSPARENCY AND LAYERING
Story telling... all fairy tales are set in forests
KEY
IMAGES
3rd Film -Food logos and Looking through glass - perspective and introduction to layering
5th Film Glow in the dark signs
6th Film - Forest Backgrounds
6th Film - Sign layering Influenced by Tierney Gearon
KEY
IMAGES
Pied Piper
Peter Pan
Snow White
Robin Hood
Little Red Riding Hood
Hansel and Gretel
Beauty and the Beast
Rumplestiltskin
The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz
Harry Potter
The Gruffalo
Experimentation with Acetate Paper - Layering
After
studying

Tierney

Gearon
's work, I realised that many of her
layered
pieces of work
included

layering
photographs of
forests
, often in the
background
of the
picture
, but sometimes even in the
foreground
. I then noticed how many
fairy

tales
and
children's classical story books
are also
set
in
forests
, or
forests
often have a
major

influence
in the story. The
idea
of
forests
, adds to the
idea
of
enchantment
,
magic
and
mystery
, all of which
three

themes
are frequently
played
upon in
nursery

rhymes
and
books
. I
created
a
list
(below) to demonstrate just how many
stories
I could think of in which
forests
had a major
influence
in, for example,
Little Red Riding Hood
.
Maybe
Tierney

Gearon
used this
idea
to give her work another
aspect
. I would like to
experiment
with this and include this
idea
in my
next

film
.
Tierney Gearons Photographs - Layering
7th Film Influences - Tierney Gearon - The Exposure Project - Layering
Biography -
How these photographs are created:
What aspect of her work I will use in my project:
Artist Analysis - Harry Callahan - Layering Images
3rd Film Influences - Berenice Abbott - concentration of subject matter
3rd Film Influences - Stephen Shore- Food logos & landscapes for layering
Experimentation with Cropping to Give Photograph More Focus
In camera experimentation with perspective to emphasize signs
Experimentation with Transparency and Layering
2nd Film Influences - Andreas Feininger perspectives and subject matter arrangement
5th Film Influences - Tacita Dean
7th Film Influences - Annie Leibovitz
5th Film Influences - Andreas Gurksy
1st Film Influences - Walker Evans - Signs, and urban setting
4th Film Influences - Image Layering -
Images of Confusion Book
Introduction
Biography -
Annie Leibovitz Image Analysis
Best
Favourite
EVALUATE
: Towards the end of this film, I noticed that I became
interested
in looking
upwards and along
at signs.
INTENTIONS:
In this
film
, I visited a near by
town
, and
continued
to take photographs of
signs
. I also started to
experiment
with the
'looking along' viewpoint
I
explored
briefly in my
previous film
.


REASONING:
I was earlier
inspired
from looking at
Walker Evans
work. Some of the photographs she has taken are very
'concentrated'
with
subject matter
. I wanted to
achieve
a
similar effect
in this film. By using the
'looking along'

perspective
that
Evan's
often uses, more
signs
are included in one photograph making it
look
busier and
more interesting
, than if just one sign were photographed. I have also taken all my photographs for this film in a
street setting
(
similar
to where
Evan's
takes most of her photographs) to
maximize
a) the number of signs I could find and b) the 'looking along' perspective.


EVALUATE: I think
that this has been one of my
most successful
films so far, as I have included all key ideas in my work, including; signs and the looking along perspective in varied and interesting ways.


DEVELOPMENT:
In my
next film
, I want to further
explore
the
'looking along' theme
, but instead of
focusing
on
road
and
house signs
, I want to look at
food logos
as a
different
type of
sign
.


SOLVING PROBLEMS:
I often found that whilst taking photographs for this film, that there were very few
places
I could find, with lots of
signs

concentrated
into a
small area
. However in my
next film
, this
problem
will be
avoided
, as I have chosen to take photographs of
food

logos
on shelves, in which there are
lots
of
'signs' concentrated
into a
small area
.
The
main

influences
of this
project
have
included
-
Harry Callahan and Tierney Gearon


When taking this photograph, I made the
decision
, to:

stand back - to
include
as many
signs
in the
photograph as possible.
I also chose an area of the street where there were the
most
signs
concentrated
into one area as possible. I
hoped
both of these two
factors
would
help
to make the photograph more
appealing
.

The
most important aspect
of this photograph,
is the camera
angle
at which I took it. I want to continue to use this
'looking along'
camera
angle
in my next film.


If I were to
improve
this photograph
,
I would move slightly
closer
to the first
sign
photographed. This would
emphasize
the photograph's
focus
on the
signs
, as
less background
would show in the photograph.

I think my
focus
and
aim
when taking this photograph would be very
clear
to
anyone
studying the photograph.

When taking this photograph
I was
inspired
by
many
aspects
of
Walker Evan's
photography. Such as; the
street setting
, the
subject matter
content and the 'looking along'
perspective
she often uses.

The
direction of sunlight
(a
factor
in which I had
no control over
) had a very
positive
and mentionable
effect
on this photograph, as it
highlighted
the signs from the
background
as the
light reflected
off them, whilst the rest of the photograph stayed in
shade
.

DEVELOPMENT
: I will continue to explore signs and the ' looking along perspective' in my next film.
Link - Signs and 'Looking Along' Viewpoint
When taking this photograph, I had
no
clear
intentions,
however,
looking back
at the photograph, I
realise
I
like
how the sign looks
old fashioned
, and almost from
another era
. The bold
slanted printed writing
, and
bold colour
scheme, reflects the look of signs from the
60's
. In fact, this photograph reminds me of the
60's
famous
Coca Cola sign
.


When I took this photo I
decided
to stand directly
infront
of the sign at
eye level view
. This had a
positive impact
on the
final
photograph as it meant the whole sign was all in view.


The most
important aspect

of this photograph is its
relationship
to older signs, such as the
Coca Cola
sign from the
60's
. This is how this
photograph is so unique

compared to
the
other photographs
from this film.


DEVELOPMENT:

I want
to
continue
to photograph the same
subject matter, in my next film.
Prezi design incorporates layering; as signs which is one of my key themes.
INSPIRATIONS:
I have recently felt very
inspired
after looking at
Walker Evans'
work. I love the way he
incorporates

signs
into nearly every piece of work and photograph he has taken. I also
love
the way in which some of his photographs are very
'concentrated'
with
subject matter
, and other photographs, have very
little
, with only
one main focus
for example in his
ice cream sign photo
above: the photograph is otherwise
empty
, this
concept
is
similar
to the photograph above with the large 'DAMAGED' sign. I was also not only
inspired
by the
subject matter
of the photographs, but the
setting
of most photographs.

Link - Looking Along Perspective
layer 1 - lady in white dress
layer 2 - smaller lady in white dress and goat
layer 4 - sky and clouds
layer 5 - yellow bricks and grass
layer 7 - Brass band
layer 1 - forest
background
layer 2 - Snowwhite
layer 3 - Animals (separate layer for each animal)
8th layer - fire
2nd - water
7th layer - sky
6th layer - horse and man
5th layer castle
4th layer - land
3rd layer - boulder
1st layer - hill in
background
1st layer - sky
2nd layer - shrubbery
3rd layer - Water
4th layer - people
5th layer - yellow brick path
6th layer - city scape
L
i
n
k
-
L
o
o
k
i
n
g

t
h
r
o
u
g
h

g
l
a
s
s

Link - Starting to experiment with backgrounds for layering images
Biography:
Andreas Feininger was born
on the 26th of December
1906 in Paris. He established
a company
specialising in architectural
photography.
In his later life,
he moved to New York City
where he became one of the
main photographers for the
'Life' magazine.
Andreas Feininger died in
1999.
Subject Matter:
Andreas Feininger often photographed: signs, streets, industrial photography, architectural photography, portraits, city landscapes, street landscapes


Aspect of Andreas Feininger's
work I will use in my project:
I really want to continue to explore the 'looking along perspective' present in my first and second films, which is also present in a lot of Andreas Feiningers work. I also really like how all of Feininger's photographs are very busy and densely packed with concentrated subject matter.

Tierney Gearons
work can often look very
complex
.
Gearon's
photography from her
'Exposure Project'
involves
layering

two

images
on
top
of each other very
carefully
, and then
decreasing
the
opacity
of the
top photograph
, so the photograph
beneath
is
able
to
show through
. This
creates
a very
clever layering effect
, if the photograph is
layered
in the
right
places. The photograph
beneath
the
top
photo is often
moved
around, so the
layering

effect
is even more
effective
.
I am
pleased
with the
outcome
of this
photograph, however, I think that it could be improved.
I want to layer more of the elements (signs) in future photographs, similar to in
Tearney Gearons
work.
KEY
IMAGES
KEY
IMAGES
KEY
IMAGES
When I took this photograph, I became very interested in
the
different

layers
of photograph. For
example
the
bags of ice
as the
first

layer
, and the
outside freezer glass
, and then the
reflection of the next isle
on the outside of the freezer glass.

I wanted to
emphasize
these photograph
'layers'
,
by
standing back
so as many layers were in view as possible. This
decision
had a
positive

overall

effect
on the photograph, as it
maximised
the amount of
'layers'
that you can see.



This is, in
my opinion
, the
best
photograph taken from my
first film
of signs.

This photograph is very
unique
from any of the
other photographs

in this film
, as the
camera angle
is very
different.

Intentions
:
When I
took
this
photograph
, at the
time
, I wanted to show how all the
signs
could be seen by
looking along
the street from a certain
perspective
.
This photograph, is my
favourite
photograph taken throughout the
film
.
This
photograph shows
a blue sign informing the public about parking for a dance studio.
The
most

important

visual

element
in this photograph is the telephone pole and public telephone sign. Although these are the
most

important

parts
of the image, they are not
centered
in the photograph as this would make the photograph
boring
and
'
predictable
'.
DEVELOPMENT
: Lastly,
I love
the way that this photograph
incorporates
both
signs
and
streets
, and touches on the idea of the
'looking along' perspective
that I

want

to

include

in

my

work
.
This is one of my

favourite

photographs taken by

Walker

Evans
.

The photograph

shows

an

old wooden telephone pole,

with a circular sign for a public telephone (the main

focus

of the photograph). A few meters behind the telephone pole, there is the end of a

street

corner
.

I don't think that

Walker

Evans

had any strong

motives

or

attitudes

behind taking

this

photograph, I

think

he just liked the
simplicity

of

the

scene

he saw before her.


The fact that this photograph was taken in
greyscale

has had a really

positive

impact

on the photograph. The

greyscale

filter

makes the photograph seem

simplistic

but

complex

at the same time.
I don't think that there was any
purpose
behind this photograph or that this photo was
specifically

set

up
, however, I do think that Evans was
interested
in the
unusual

emptiness
of the street.
The detailing on the telephone pole shows that it has been neglected and not looked after, which ties in with the emptiness of the photograph. The greyscale filter also helps to emphasize this.
Stephen Shore is an American photographer based in New York. Shore is recognised worldwide for his images of 'banal scenes and objects'.

INFLUENCE:
Much of his work plays a large influence in my 3rd film of food logos. I was inspired by Stephen Shore's work to include signs in the form of food logos.
Annotating a photograph by Stephen Shore to show key aspects
Signs in the form of
food logos, an idea I
would like to explore
Bold and old fashioned shop sign similar to Coca cola sign and my favourite photograph from Film 1
A lot of subject matter concentrated into a small area
photograph
taken in colour
I want to further investigate shop signs alike this one.
I love the idea of incorporating
food a food logos into my work
I
think
that
, when looking at this photograph the
layering

effect
I was trying to
achieve

IS

clear
to others. I
think
that some
people
may
suggest
I was trying to
create
some
visual

confusion
when taking the photograph.

The
most

important

aspect
of this photograph
is the
location
. The
supermarket
was an
ideal

location
for this film as: a) there is lots of
subject

matter
[
food logos (signs)
]
concentrated
into a
small

area
(the shelves) b) the
artificial

lighting
allows
soft
,
diffused
and
balanced

lighting
,
creating
the perfect
conditions
for the
best 'layering'

style
photography and lastly c) The moving
glass
doors in the freezer isle allow many
different

reflections
and
'layers'
of the photograph to be seen. If this film had been taken in
direct

sunlight
, most of these layers would not be
visible
.

If I were to
improve
this image,
I would have
not

included
the next pane of glass in the photograph (on the right hand side) so no
solid

object
would show, instead, just lots of
'layers'
of photography. I could
edit
this photograph to meet those
objectives
in
experimentation
.

This photograph came from my
third

film
where I photographed
food

logos
. I have chosen this to be my
best
photograph, as it includes a lot of
detail
, and
continues
to use the
'looking along' perspective

alike
all the other photographs in this
film
, however this photograph is
unique
to all but 6 other photographs in this film, as it starts to
introduce
the
idea
of
layering
.
This photograph marks the
midway

point
of my
project
so far.
This is my
favourite
photograph
from my
3rd

film
.
The photograph shows shelves of
food
in the freezer aisle, behind a glass door.

When taking this photograph, I wanted to
keep the '
looking

along
'
theme
present. The
reflection
shown in the glass, is
slanted
, maintaining the
looking

along

view

point
.

I think the
most

important

aspect

of this photograph is the
camera

angle
. Using a
different

camera

angle
would mean that the
reflection
of food from the other food aisle may not necessarily be caught on the glass I photographed. I think that
experimenting
with the camera angle more, would make my photographs more
interesting
. I will try to
incorporate

different

camera

angles
into my
next

film
.



This
photograph
is very
similar
to many of the photographs I took nearing the
end
of my
film
. I started to
experiment
with
glass
and
transparency
and
reflection
, whilst still keeping the
same

3

main

themes
; how the photograph appears very '
concentrated
' with
subject

matter
; the '
looking

along
'
perspective
; and the
continuation
of the study of
signs
. I have
chosen
this to be my
favourite

photograph
, as it includes all of these
ideas
.

Berenice

Abbotts
work
had a
major

influence
on this film, and how I took my '
favourite
'
photograph
.
Abbott's photograph is concentrated with subject matter
comparisons

I also
decided
to
take this photograph in
landscape
in
order
to
include
as
many signs
as possible.

This
camera angle 'viewpoint'
would have been
better emphasized
if I stood slightly
closer
to the
building
.

I have
chosen
this photograph to be my
'best'

as it
summarizes
all
aspects
of what I wanted to
achieve
in this film. For example: a
continuation
of the study of
signs
; the
'looking along' perspective
and lastly the
same 'concentration' of subject matter
.

Andreas Feininger's photography inspired me

to further
explore
different
perspectives
and camera
angles
, whilst still photographing the
same
thing. I also
loved
how all of his photographs seemed very
busy
and
complex
. I wanted to
achieve
a
similar effect
in
my work
.

The
dull daylight conditions
were perfect for the
taking
of this photograph, as there was no
sun glare
off the
signs
.


A
decision
I made that had a
large impact
on the photograph was the
camera angle
which is the
most important aspect

of this photograph. I
decided
to slant the camera
angle
slightly
upwards
by about 45 degrees from street view, to
capture
all the signs.
This is my
best
photograph taken from my
second film
. When
taking
this photograph, I wanted to
show
how all the signs could be seen by
looking along
a
street
. I
think
that this
intention
is also quite
clear
to
others
, when looking at the photograph.
This is my
favourite
photograph taken from my
2nd film
.
After
taking this photograph, I
realised
that I liked the way the pavement was
central
to the photograph, and that the
'looking along' perspective
was
expressed
,
both along
the
shop fronts
and the
cars
on the
street
.

When I
took
this photograph,
I
stood back
so that both of the
looking along perspectives
were seen. I also stood in the
middle
of the pavement to
emphasize
this.




I hope to achieve a similar effect in my next film (after this film also), when I will photograph signs in the form of food logos, which include smaller labels, which are densely packed together. I hope this will make my photos more eye catching.
INTENTIONS:
In this
film
, I
visited
my nearest
supermarket
to take photographs of
rows
of packaged food and
food logos
as a
different type
and
form
of
sign
. I wanted to
continue
the
'looking along' perspective
(this time, by looking down and along the food aisles), to further the study of
signs
, and also, to keep my photographs as
busy
and as '
concentrated
' with as much
subject matter
as possible.


REASONING
: This
film
marks the
midway point
of my project, as the
3 main ideas
of this project (as listed above) have all been
explored in depth
. This film
introduces
the
last main idea (layering)
that I would
like
to
explore
in the
final stages
of my project.
Both my
favourite
and
best
photographs from this film show food packaging with
logos
being
photographed
through
glass,
with some
element
of
reflection
on the
outer glass
surface. When taking this film, I wanted to
explore
the ideas of:
reflection, transparency and glass
, whilst still keeping the other
3 main older themes
in mind.


EVALUATE:
Towards the
end
of this
film
, I became increasingly
inspired
to use
glass
, the
idea of transparency
and the
idea of reflection
in my
photography
, all with the
aim
to
confuse
the
human eye.


DEVELOPMENT:
In my
next film
, I am going to only
focus
on looking at
signs
through glass,
experimenting
with both
transparency
and the
different layers
of
photography
caused by
reflection.
(But keep all the other
3 main

themes constant.
1st Film Influences - William Eggleston - distribution of subject matter
7th Film Influence - Lee Friedlander - layering Images
By Richard Sanler
By Harold Haliday Costain
By Claude Cauhn
By John Szarkowski
By Jean Kallina
By Lee Friedlander
By Bruno Barbey
By Leslie Kippen
By Victor Guidalevitch
When
I
took
this photograph, I
wanted
to show the
different

degrees
of
transparency
.
The overhanging
roof
is much
feinter
than the houses
across
the road
despite
being
closer
. The houses are also
stronger
than
images

inside
the shop.

All these
layers
were only
visible
because of the
short

distance
I was
standing
away from the
main
sign, if I had been standing
further
away, some of these '
layers
' would not have been
captured
.

In my
opinion
, the
most important aspects
of this photograph
, were the
distance
I stood away from the sign when taking the photograph, the
camera

angle
I
used
, and lastly, the
dull

daylight

levels
.

This photograph fits into this
film
as
it: a) is '
concentrated
' with
subject

matter
, b) it shows how images can be
layered
using
glass
as a
medium
c) the
main

focus
of the photograph is the '
open
' sign, however it is
unique
due to the number of
layers
present, and their
quality
.

Tierney

Gearon
, had a major
influence
in the taking of this film. I have
shown
these
influences
in the
frame

opposite
.

This
film
is taken
nearing
the
end
of the
project
,
as it shows how
images
can be layered to different
extents
, how different degrees of
transparency
can create
different

effects
and how the
layers
build up to tell a
story
.

DEVELOPMENT:
In my
next
film, I want to compile background images of streets and urban settings onto which I can layer on signs in subsequent films.
This is my
favourite
photograph taken from my
4th

film
because it is made up of so many
layers
.

You can not only see the
open

sign
(
imposed
on top) hanging just
inside
the shop window, but you can also see tape stuck on the
window
itself, you can see through to the items in the shop (at the
bottom
),
reflections
of buildings on the
opposite

side
of the road
(
forming
the
background
), bound by the overhanging roof
outside
the shop (at the
top
).
Favourite Photograph
empty with little subject matter
busy and concentrated
with subject matter
further distance from camera
I
love
this photograph by
Richard

Sanler
. The photograph
incorporates
many
layers
of photography. The
layers
include:
the
reflection
of the
street
off the
glass
, and everything inside the building as the
second

layer
. The
transparency
and
reflection

quality
of the
glass
make this
photograph
so
effective
.
As part of my own
independent

research
for this
project
, I visited the
library
and found a
book
filled with
confusing
and
misleading
photographs taken by
numerous
of
different

photographers
. Some of the photographs
incorporated

layering
and
transparency
to create
confusion
; an
effect
in which I was very
interested
in using in
my work
. I have
written
about my
favourite
photographs below:
I
liked
the way that the
water
provided a
reflective

surface
for all the
layers
of photography in this photograph.
I was
interested
in the way this
photograph

layers

imagery
. From the photograph, you can not only see the
plant
, and the
leafy

background
behind the
flowers
, but the photograph also shows a pair of
hands
(at the bottom). I
love
the way that these hands have been
merged
into and look '
camoflaged
' in the photograph. I also
think
that this photograph is clever, as you are
not

immediatley

drawn
to the
second
'hand'
layer
, and you notice this much later, giving the photograph more
interest
as you try and
search
for more '
hidden
'
layers
.
I
love
the way that this photograph uses
layering
.
The
silhouettes
of faces have been used to
layer
on to faces of
close

up
crowds and people.
This photograph
caught
my
attention
, because, the photograph still has a
layering

effect
,
however

no

glass
or
water
or
reflective

medium
is used to
create
it.
When
other people
study this
photograph
, they may think that I was
concentrating on a narrowing viewpoint perspective
rather than a
'looking along' perspective
. I could have
better emphasized
my
intention
s before taking this photograph, by
zooming out
, so more of each side of the street
showed
in the photograph.

The
most important aspect
of this photograph
is the
location
. Few other places other than
towns
and
streets
would demonstrate this
perspective
clearly enough.

This photograph is slightly
unique
to the other photographs taken from the
same film
, as when I
took
this photograph, I did not use the camera's
zooming function
and the photograph had a
vanishing point.

If I were going to
improve
this photograph
, I would, have
zoomed out
further to
emphasize
both of the
perspectives.

This film was
taken
at a
very early on stage
of this
project
.


I
love
the way in which there are
two
parts to this photograph. The
idea
of
image

layering
is
introduced
in the
right
hand side of the
photograph
.
Image Analysis of one of my Photographs: Layering
Image Comparison - Photograph taken by Andreas Feininger (left) and photograph taken by me (right)
Tierney Gearon Image Evaluation
Image Analysis of one of my Photographs
Image Evaluation of one of my Photographs
Image Comparision Between - Tierney Gearon's work (left) and a photograph from my Project (right)
Project Evaluation pt.1
Similarities
Differences
They both have 2
main focal points
, in which the
eye is drawn
to first. In
Feininger's
photograph, the
focal points
are the shop window
logo
, and the man sitting on the
left
hand
side
of the photograph. In my photograph the
main two focal points
are the
2

signs
.

Both
photographs could be
described
as
busy
. As
both
photographs try to
include
a lot of
subject matter
.

Both
photographs are taken to look as
old fashioned
as possible. This is shown on the
old - fashioned

writing
on the shop window in
Feininger's
photograph above. Although
Feiningers
photograph
IS older
than my photograph, the
black and white filter,
helps to further
emphasize
its old fashioned character. The
first old
looking
sign
shown in my photograph makes the photograph seem old fashioned.
Charlie Chaplin's
statue shows partly in my photograph again adding to the
illusion
that my photograph is old fashioned.
The
view point
at which each photograph was taken varies in both photographs.
Feininger's
photograph was taken from a
front

on

perspective
however my photograph was taken using a '
looking

along
'
perspective
, with the camera
angle
slanted slightly
upwards
.

My photograph was taken in
colour

whereas

Feininger
's, was either
taken

in
/
converted
to
black

and

white
.

Feininger's
photograph shows a sign in
glass
form, where as the
signs
present in my
photograph
, are signs in their most
common

form
.

Feiningers
photograph of the shop
front
appears to be taken in very high
contrast
.
Feininger
may have done this to make the photograph appear more '
busy
' and therefore generate more
interest
.
Whereas
, when I took my photograph, I was
not interested
in
contrast
levels.
Image Analysis -
Annie Leibovitz
was born on October the 2nd,
1949
, in Waterbury, Connecticut.
In 1970 she began the job as a
photographer
for the
Rolling Stone magazine
, and in
1983
she began working for the
entertainment

magazine; Vanity Fair.
During the late
1980s
,
Leibovitz
started to work on a number of high-profile
advertising campaigns
.
From the
1990's
to the present day, she has been
publishing
and
exhibiting
her
work
.
INTENTIONS
: I wanted to capture the
transparencies
of the different
elements
in the image. To do this, I used
food logos
and
signs
, which were seen through, and
reflected
by the glass door of the freezer cabinet in
Sainsbury's
.

SECONDARY AIM
: My
secondary aim
was to produce a
busy image
like in
Stephen Shore's work
. To do this I went to my
local supermarket
where the shelves were stacked full of goods.
IMPACTS:
I
deliberately
took this image at the
end
of the frozen food
aisle
. This meant that I didn't just get other freezer units
reflected
in the glass, I
also
got
other areas
of the shop
reflected
. This was good because it
enabled
me to get some
strong reflections
in addition to the
transparent images
of the frozen food.

In this photograph, I wanted to
experiment
with
lit
up
signs
,
reflected
in the
dark
. This was because they would give a very
strong

image
in
relation
to the other
images
in the
photograph
.

I took this
photograph
because the
reflection
of the
neon

sign
in the door is much
smaller
and
reminded
me of the
underground

tube
stations in London, where the
posters
on the walls get
smaller
as you
look

along
the
tunnel
. This
linked
in well with the '
looking

along
'
theme
of my
previous

films
.

One of the
decisions
I made that had an
important

impact
on the
photograph
, was that
no

flash
was used. This would have not only
produced

too much glare
, but I would have been
reflected
in the
glass
too.
I
like
this photograph because the shop feels
old

fashioned
. The
door
and supports are made of wood, the crates inside the window are made of
cardboard
in fact apart from the neon sign there are no modern materials present.
The
darkness
both
inside
and
outside
the shop just
enhances
this
feel
. It
could
have been
taken
in the
1950
's.
When I took this photograph I was
inspired
by
Tacita

Dean
who often
creates
a '
layering
'
effect
in her
photography
with the use of glow in the
dark

imagery
.

If I was going to
improve
this photograph, I would have
waited
for the
camera
to
focus
for a
longer
amount of
time
, so the
photograph
would be
clearer
, as more
adjusted
to the
low lighting levels
.

The
camera
I used to take this
photograph
had a
negative

impact
, as, as there was no '
night
-
low

lighting
' setting
available
, parts of the
image
were
less

clear
and
appeared

blurry
for example the
neon

lettering
.

Lastly
, the film from which this
photograph
was taken from marks the
midpoint
-ending of my
project.
Tacita

Dean
has had a
major

influence
in my 5th Film. I
love
the way she
combines
and makes
3D

collages
using different
images
(often
including

glow
in the
dark
imagery) to create a
layering

effect
.
Some of her work also
incorporates

reflections
, and
shadows
, as shown in some of the
photographs

below
.
I took this
photograph
because I
liked
the way the
shrubs
,
hedges
and
trees
created many
layers
between the
foreground
and the
background
. It was only
afterward
that I
realized
quite how many
layers
there were, which is why, I know consider it to be my
best
photograph from the
film
. I particularly
liked
it as it was a completely
natural shot
, and not
constructed
in any way.

I
deliberately
took the photograph '
off centre'
. This meant that I could get the
low

hedge
running across the
image

creating
a
barrier
between the pointed conifer in the
foreground
and the mounded plants behind. It
created

order
to the image
along
with the
taller
hedges and
large
trees behind. This was far more
effective
than the array of shrubs on the
opposite
side of the path.

Although the
number
of
layers
is quite
complex
, they are still
clear
to see, and I
think
other
people

viewing
the
image
, would
see them also
.

If
I
took
the
photograph

again
, I would
step
further back and take it from a
lower

angle
, in order to get more shrubs in the
foreground
,
although
this may make the
image
more
complicated
.

The image
fits
very well in the
film
of
different

backgrounds
, that
I
might
use
in my
final

image
, what makes it
unique
, is the
complexity
of the
layering
.

This
leads
on to my
next

film
, which is
experimenting
with
layering
.

Looking
at the
image

now
, what I find particularly
pleasing
, is the
order
of the
different elements
, they all have their
place
and
function
in the
photograph
. If you
took
any of them
away
, or
changed
their
size
you would
reduce
the
impact
of the
image
.
Best
Image Analysis - A photograph by
Harry Callahan
Before
After
What I changed:
I
cropped
the photograph on the
left
, at the
bottom
and on the
left
hand side. I did this using the
cropping

tool
in
photoshop
.

My Intentions:
I
cropped
the photograph, so the photograph would appear
narrower
,
adding
to the
looking

along

perspective
. Also, as much of the
foreground
was cropped out there is now more
focus
on the
signs
.

Successful?:

yes
, the
intention
behind me taking this photograph, is now a lot
clearer
. The photograph also appears to look
better

quality
, with more
focus
.

What aspect I want to continue into my next film:
I want to further
explore
the
'looking along' view point,
whilst still using
signs
in my work. I will
include

less

foreground
in my
next

film
of pictures.
What I changed:

I changed the
angle
at which I took the photograph.

My Intentions:
I wanted to '
hide
' the trees, to
introduce
the
idea
of a
vanishing

point
. I also think that they were
distracting
in the photograph. By taking the photograph at a different angle, and on a portrait setting (instead of landscape used in the previous photograph), the street looked
narrower
, which
created
the
idea
that you were actually
looking
along a
longer
street.

Successful?:
Yes, as the '
looking

along
'
perspective
has been fully
emphasized
.

What aspect I want to continue into my next film:
I want to
continue
the
'looking along' perspective
, however, I would like to
investigate
this perspective using different types of signs.
What I changed:
In this
experimentation
, I
converted
the
photograph
to
black

and

white
,
increased
the
red

content
of the photograph, and lastly
increased
the photograph's
contrast

levels
.

My Intentions:
I
increased
the
contrast
of the photograph, to
show
more
layers
, using the
contrast

alteration
tool in Photoshop. I
converted
the picture to
black

and

white
in
Photoshop
so each '
image

layer
'
blended
into other
image layers
, so the
overall

photograph
looked more
confusing
, and lastly
increased
the
red

content
of the photograph to
make
the photograph
appear

lighter
in certain places.

Successful?:
I think that this
experimentation
is very
successful
, as now,
more

image

layers
are
visible
.

Aspects I want to continue in future films:
I want to start to use these
layering

techniques
to develop my
final images
.
What I changed:

I added image
layers
onto the
original

photograph
(
left
) using the
copy
and
paste

functions
,
opacity

alteration

tools
, and lastly using the
free

transform
tool in
Photoshop
.

My Intentions:
As, there was not much
image

layering
in this photograph, I wanted to
introduce
some to the photograph, but
added

duplicated
photograph
layers
and then
reducing
the
opacity
of the
different

layers
.

Successful?:
Yes
, I
love
the way the
new
photograph looks after
experimentation
.

What aspect I want to continue into my next film:
I want to
continue
the
idea
of
layering
, by finding
appropriate

backgrounds
for my
next

film
.
Experimentation with Brightness
and Contrast Levels
What I changed:

Shadows
were
lightened
,
highlights
were
darkened
, and the
midtone

contrast
was also
lightened
using
photoshop
.

My Intentions:
To
create
an
appropriate

background
to allow for
layering
images.

Successful?:
Yes, now that I have
edited
the
photograph
, to make it appear
lighter
, more
layers
will appear.

What aspect I want to continue into my next film:
I want use this image in both my
next

film
and my
final

image
Before
After
Experimentation with Light and Shadows to add Image Layers
What I changed:

I
darkened the shadows
from
25% to 0%
in the photograph, I also
darkened the highlights
from
0% to 52%,
lastly I changed the
midtone contrast
from
0%
to
77%
using the
shadow/highlight

tools
in
photoshop

My Intentions:
I
altered
the
shadows
,
highlights
and
midtone contrast
. Altering all three of these
helped

create
more
layers
and
textures
in the photograph

Successful?:
Yes
, as now more '
layers
' of
imagery
are
visible
in the photograph. Also after changing the
contrast

levels
, more detail in each
layer
can be seen, for
example
the
ice

cubes
in the
freezer

bags
, and more of the
aisle

opposite
are
exposed
.

What aspect I want to continue into my next film:
This
experimentation
has
emphasized
all the different
layers
of
imagery
in the
photograph
. In my
next

film
, I plan to take photographs of signs through
glass
, in
hope
of
achieving
the same
layering

effect
.
Before
After
Biography:
Berenice

Abbott
was born in
Springford
,
Ohio
, in
1898
. When she had
graduated
from from
Ohio
State
University
, she decided to focus her artistic abilities on
painting
and
sculpture
.
In
1921
she traveled to
Paris
to
work with
a
surrealist

photographer
called Man Ray (1923-25). She then pursued to
open
her own
studio
in
Paris
.
Abbott
returned to the
United

States
in 1929 and started a
project
to photograph
New

York
.
Abbott's
photographs of
New

York
appeared in the
exhibition
, Changing New York, at the Museum of the City in 1937.
Subject Matter:
Berenice Abbott
, commonly took
photographs
of
scenes
from
New

York
. She
later
began to take
photographs
that
demonstrated
the
laws of physics.

Aspects of Berenice Abbotts work, I will use in my work:
There are many
aspects
of
Abbott's
work, that I would
like
to use in my
project
, these
include
:
The
same
'busy' feel that
Abbott
maintains in her
photographs
, i.e. the
same
'
concentration of subject matter
'
The
idea
of image
layering
based on
different

transparencies
(as shown in her photograph above, on the right)
The
idea
of
looking

along
, and
incorporating different camera angles
.
INTENTIONS:
In this
film
, I visited my nearest
town
to take photographs of
glow
in the
dark

signs
. I wanted to further
explore
how
signs
can be used
create

layering

effects
, whilst still being
glow in the dark
. I was
inspired
to take more photographs of glow in the dark signs, after taking a photograph of a glow in the dark '
Open
' sign in my
previous

film
.

REASONING
: This film
marks
the
near

end
point of my
project
, as the 3
main

ideas
of this
project
(
signs, the 'looking along' perspective, and the idea of image layering and transparency
) have all been
explored
in
depth
. This film continues to
explore
the last
main

idea
(
layering
) that I would
like
to
include
in my
final

image
.
Both my
favourite
and
best
photographs from this film show
glow
in the
dark
signs. The photograph I have
chosen
as my
best

incorporates
image
layering
and
transparency
with some
element
of
reflection
on the outer glass
surface
.

EVALUATE:
Towards the
end
of this film, I became
increasingly

inspired
to use image
layering
in my
final image.
I have
annotated
any possible film
modifications
on a
copy
of this film below:





In my
next
film, I am going to start to
explore

backgrounds
onto which I can
layer
on signs.

PROBLEMS:
One problem, I
encountered
whilst taking this film, was finding
surfaces
that allowed for
transparency
and
reflection
, which was difficult, as I took this film in very
low light levels.
Final Images - overview
I have placed a
red

line
over the photographs that I have taken, that I am not
completely

content
with. This tends to be because they either:
Do not include the '
looking

along
'
perspective
The photograph does not directly
focus
on a
sign
.
The ideas of image
layering
/
transparency
/ and
reflection
are not shown in the photograph
I
love
this photograph because, there are so many
layers
,
reflections
and
materials
featured (with
different

transparencies
) that it is
hard
to
know
what to
focus
on.
This photograph is very
important
in regards to my
project
, as it
includes
many different
layers
of
depth

of

field
: i.e.
mid

ground
,
background
, and
foreground
.
SIMILARITIES
DIFFERENCES
There is a main point of focus in both images (the Buddha and the 'Open' sign.

Both images incorporate different 'image layers'

LIGHTING
: is artificial but soft in each photograph

SHADOW
: Both photographs lack shadows

LINES
: Both photographs contain a mixture of thick, thin, wavy and straight lines

SCALE
: As both photographs have been arranged to a certain extent, the sizes and scales of each component of image are not necessarily in proportion

COLOUR
: Both photographs are taken in colour

ANGLE
: Both photographs were taken at a similar camera angle to each other

FRAMING
: Neither photograph has a frame
LIGHTING
: The light source is different in each photograph

SPACE
: Tierney Gearons image creates a sense of space, however my photograph does not. I think this is because Gearon does not use as many layers, as I have included in my photograph.

SHAPE
: As my photograph was taken in an urban setting the shapes are more prominent, whereas the shapes in Gearon's photograph opposite are more 'organic' as she took most components of her photograph in a rural setting.

TEXTURE
: Gearon's photograph opposite looks to inlcude more textures than mine

CONTRAST
: Gearons work uses different contrast levels to make some parts of the image stand out more than others.
Aspects of My Final Image
STREET BACKGROUND
:
Shadows were lightened
highlights were darkened
the midtone contrast was also lightened to create an appropriate background to allow for layering images.


SIGNS:
I selected a sign/ multiple signs from a photograph using the magic wand tool
I then pasted them onto the street layer (photograph) using the copy and paste functions.
I then re-sized (and skewed if necessary) the signs, using the 'free transform function'.
I then moved them to an appropriate place in the street.
I then reduced the opacity of each sign.
I then merged the sign (a layer) with the background layer
I lastly used the clone stamp (with roughly 50% opacity) to merge the signs to make them look more realistic.
I cloned the parts of the street photograph, to partly layer over the signs - making the signs look more realistic.
House scene as second layer with 2 people
Woman holding child in the air as second layer
layering effect
created
Photograph has
no real focus point
Photograph hard to understand and interpret - confusing
FINAL
IMAGES
FIRST FILM
: In my first film I took included signs, therefore I plan to include signs in my final images
William

Eggleston
: William Eggleston often includes single signs on there own in his work, so I want to include a single sign on its own in my final images
Walker

Evans
: Evans' often took her photographs using black and white filters. I want to include signs in my final image, that I have converted to black and white.
SECOND

FILM
: For my second film, I took photographs of signs using a looking along perspective. I want to include this looking along perspective in my final design
Andreas

Feininger
: Andreas Feininger often tried to maintain a high level of business, with lots of subject matter in his photographs. I want to make sure my finals images look as busy as possible
THIRD

FILM
: In my third film, I took photographs of food logos, and food products stacked on shelves. It was in this film that I introduced the idea of transparency into my project. I want to include these ideas in my final image

Stephen

Shore
: Shore often photographed food logos. I want to include food logos in my final
Berenice Abbott
: I want to use some aspects of Abbott's work in my films
FOURTH

FILM
: In my fourth film, I took photographs of signs through glass. I want to include the ideas of: transparency, image layering, and reflection in my final image

Images of Confusion book-
The 'Images of confusion book' - a book compiled of many confusing photographs taken by a wide range of artists including Leslie Kippen and Bruno Barbey. I would like to make my final image confusing to the viewer so the overall photograph appears more interesting.

Tierney Gearon
- Gearon creates images by layering different photographs on top of eachother and then reducing the transparency of the uppermost layer. She does this using photoshop and a projector. I want to layer images to create my final image.

1st Film - Signs - film taken in stockbridge
2nd Film - Signs & a 'looking along' perspective
FITH FILM
: For my 5th film, I compiled many photographs (from my own work - from previous films, and from other artists) that depicted urban settings i.e. street setting onto which I was able to layer signs. I will use the photographs from this film for backgrounds and layering purposes in my final image
SIXTH FILM
: In my sixth film, I started to layer images on top of each other. This is what I plan to do for my final image. The main influences that inspired me to create this film, were;
Tierney

Gearon
,
Harry

Callahan
, and
Lee

Friedlander

I wanted to
experiment
with
layering

different

images
over each other by
printing
them out on
acetate
paper. Before I printed each image, I used the light and shadow tools in Photoshop (as shown in the experimentation in my
previous film
) in order to lighten the image, allowing more image layers to be seen. I wanted to
represent
the
layering

effect
, and
effect
of using
images
of
different

transparencies
physically. Here are the results of rearranging and layering images over each other (by hand)
After
experimenting
with
layering
different
acetate

photographs
, I decided not to
continue
this idea into my
final

image
. This was because as the
layers
of
photographs
of street and signs
built

up
, the image became
too

dark
. I
think
that if I had used a lighter
background
, the layers would be
lighter
, and the
overall

effect
of
layering
would be
greater
allowing the
successful

addition
of more
layers
.
However
, as I do not want to
alter
the
background
(as it links in with previous films and main project themes) I am going to
layer

images
on the
computer
instead of by
hand
.


INTENTIONS:
I visited a variety of
woods
and different
rural

landscapes
, to take photographs of
woodland

scenes
for the
background

layers
of my project. I also
experimented
with the
'looking along' viewpoint
I have
explored
throughout my
previous

films
.

REASONING:
I
decided
to photograph
forests
and
woodland
, to use as
background

scenes
for my
final

image
. I
thought
that as my chosen
theme
was
story
telling, the
forest

backgrounds
would help to
amplify
this, as
most

fairy

tales
and
stories
are
set
in
forests
.

EVALUATE:
Although I
think
that this has been one of the
most

successful
films from throughout this
project
, I
think
there are still
images
that could be
retaken
, not used. I have
annotated
and
explained
these
changes
on the
film
below:





In my
next film
, I want to begin to
layer

different

signs
and
images
onto some of these
forest
photographs.

PROBLEMS
: When taking
photographs
for this film, I found it very
hard
to find
landscapes
with the right
foreground
to background
balance
, so that when I
layer
the
signs
on, in the
next

film
, they don't look out of
proportion
. I also found it very hard to find
opportunities
to take photographs with a '
backing

point
', so that the photograph didn't
continue
into
vanishing

point
, which would, again, make the signs
disproportionate
.
My
project
is all about the
exploration
of
signs
and

the
idea
of the '
looking

along
'
camera

angle

perspective
. My
project
's
focus
is on photomontage, due to the experimentation of layering introduced in my third film.

During the
start
of this
project
, I
mainly
took
photographs
of
signs
, and signs taken through
glass
. A lot of my work
includes
a '
looking

along
'
view

point
, and
incorporates

elements
of
transparency
,
reflection
, and
image

layering
. A lot of my photographs can be described as
busy
and
concentrated
.

When I started to
conclude
my project I found myself looking at
image

layering
, and the
idea
of
layering

images
with
different

transparencies
.

Throughout this
project
, I have
experimented
within every
film
,
emphasizing
the most
important

aspects
. I have
mainly

worked
with altering
brightness
/ contrast,
layering
,
cropping
and using filters to
emphasize
the
layers
within a photograph.

Before
After
Although
Andreas

Gurksy
's work is not
directly

related
to mine, I love the way that all of his
photographs

appear

really

busy
and
concentrated
, I would
like
to make sure that my
next

films
and
final

image
have this same
'busy' effect
. His photographs also, contain a lot of
subject

matter
.

Experimentation using contrast to emphasize
layers
Before
After
Tierney

Gearons
work
inspired
me to further
explore
the
theme
of
looking


This
photograph
shows a
man
standing in
front
of a shop
window
. He is
reflected
onto the
glass
and onto the shop
chair

behind
the glass. There are many
layers
to this photograph, making it very
confusing
to work out what it going on. I
want
to
achieve
a
similar

effect
in
my work.
INTENTIONS:
In this
film
, I visited a near by
town
, and
continued
to take photographs of
signs
. I wanted to
further
explore the idea of looking at
signs

through

glass
that I
started
to
investigate
in my
previous

film (signs in the form of food logos)
. I was
interested
in the way that when
looking
at signs through
glass
, and
different

transparencies
, image layers were created. I also started to
experiment
with the
'looking along' viewpoint
I
explored
briefly in my
previous film
.


REASONING:
I was
inspired
by earlier studying a
photographer
called
Tierney

Gearon
, who often takes
photographs
and then
overlays
them on top of each other, with different
opacities
. I wanted to
achieve
a
similar layering effect
in this film, but
instead
, I tried to
capture
these layers in one
shot
rather than
editing
them on,
using
the
computer
. I wanted to continue to explore the 'looking along' perspective, and also try to use a wider variation of camera angles in this film (as suggested in my previous film as a possible improvement).


EVALUATE: I think
that this has been one of my
most successfu
l films so far.



DEVELOPMENT
: In my
next film
, I want to compile lots of street photographs, from
previous films
, and photographers I have studied. I will use photographs that; include the
'looking along' perspective
, and all photographs will be taken in an
urban settings
onto which I can
layer on signs
in a
subsequent film
.

Best Photograph
through

glass
, an
idea
in which I
touched
on
briefly
in my
previous

film
.
I
love
the way, that when you
study

Tierney

Gearons
work, you are
unable
to
focus
on one point, and
distinguishing
the
layers
becomes
increasingly

difficult
. This is
because

Tierney

Gearon
has
faded
certain
layers
to certain extents, and has
layered
over
photographs
very
similar
in
colour
, so
each layer is
harder
to
identify
as a
separate photograph
. I
hope that
photographs from this
film,
also
generate
the
same confusion.
I also
love
the fact that
Gearon's
photographs

often
include
more than one
layer. I
would
like
to
include more
than one
layer
of
image
in
my photographs.
Resulting Images
Image Analysis of one of my Images
This film was taken, because I could see
perspective
in so many parts of the
scene
. Not only do the building get
smaller
, but you can
see
also how
perspective

effects
the proportion of the
windows
, the shop
fronts
, the
signs
, and even the
people
. Anyone
looking
at this
photograph
would
appreciate
this
clearly

too
.



The whole
street

scene
was
central
to the photograph, which meant that the
perspective
of the whole street was
achieved
, particularly as the
end
of the
line
of the buildings was
visible
.


I also
liked
the
grittiness
of the
scene
. It is a shopping
street
in a
run

down
part of
town.
T
his was
influenced
by the work of
Walker

Evans
. I
like
the fact that it was
unconstructed
and full of
realism
.

This is an
early

image
in my
project
,
capturing
the
themes
of
signs
, and '
looking

along
'. It
fits

perfectly
within my
project
as this
point in time.
Best
This was my
best

photograph
, taken from the
film
of
glow in the

dark

signs
, it was an
observation
of a
glow
in the
dark

sign

coupled
with the
images
through
glass
.

I
decided
to look almost
directly
at the shop
front
, because this is how I caught the most
images
through the
glass
window. i.e.
captured
the
largest

concentration
of
subject

matter
.

The
image
through the
glass
is very
busy

like
the photographs by
Andreas

Feininger
, and the
layering

effect
is like the work of
Tierney

Gearon
.

The
photograph
occurs
later
in my work, as I am
beginning
to
experiment
with
glass
and the
confusing

effects
with
layering
.

I
didn't

realise
it at the
time
, but, there is a big
difference
between the
colour
on the
outside
of the
building
and the
black
and
white
image
inside
.

The
orange
streetlamp (which is
reflected
on the window) gives the whole
brickwork
and
signs
just
inside
the
window
, a rich
orange
brown colour. Despite the
light
being on
inside
the shop, everything inside it is in black and white.

Also, the
fine

lit

up,
blue, '
Primark
'
sign

contrasts
both the orange and the black and white, making it stand out.

This
clever

colour/ black and white combination
might be seen as the
purpose
of the photograph by a
viewer

studying
the photograph, because this is equally as
strong
as the
images
through the
glass
itself.

The
more
I look at this photograph, the more I
like
it. In this case, I don't
think
I could have
improved
this
particular
photograph, by
changing
the
camera

angle
or the
position
I had taken it from.
The
most

obvious
image through the
window
on the
right
, is the
ceiling
and the
interior
of the shop. But, this somehow
disappears
in the
left
hand
side
window, and you can
see
bricks through the image of the shop interior. The
overall

effect
is confusing.
This photograph
captures
all of the
themes
of my project so far
. i.e.
'looking along',

reflections
,
transparency
and
layering
.

The photograph
shows
how a
long
section of the
opposite

side
of the a
street
, is
reflected
in just two
windows
of one shop. It is this that makes it one of my
favourite

photographs
.

Also the
detailing
of the
reflective

buildings
, is very
crisp
, and they are even
brighter
than the
shoes

immediately
in
front
of the
camera
in the shop itself.

This was
aided
by the fact that it was a
clear
day, and the
sun
was
shining
on the buildings
opposite
,
highlighting
their
features
. On a
dull
day, the
reflections
would
not
have been so
clear
.

It was also taken in the
evening
, when the
sun
was
lower
in the
sky
. This meant that
within
the
street
itself, the
light

levels
were quite
low
with the
result
being that there were
no

reflections
in the
glass
of the
street

furniture
on the pavement
outside
.
BEFORE
AFTER
The photographed, I have lined with red
arrows, are less appropriate in this film, and therefore, could be taken again.
LINK - LAYERING SIGNS ONTO BACKGROUNDS
Favourite
This is my
favourite

'glow in the dark'
photograph' because it looks so
surreal
.

I took the photograph for it's
simplicity
. This was
influenced
by
William

Eggleston
who also took
uncluttered
photographs of
single

signs
. The
illuminated
fish and chip sign seems to float in
darkness
, and the lit up shop is like a picture stuck on black paper.
The
details
of the
exterior
of the shop are very
feint
. This is because there is no
light

source
, e.g a street lamp,
shining
on the
outside
of the building. The only
lights
are from within. I
chose
not to use the
flash
on my
camera
, so that it wouldn't get rid of the
darkness
. I was
amazed
by the
clarity
of the two
images
. The clear fish and chips
signs
and the
details

inside
the shop.

If
I
took
the shot
again
, I would
centralize
the
images
as they are off
centre
. Also, I
think
I would stand slightly further back, in order to
include

more

darkness
around the
edges
. This would
enhance
the way the two images seem so
disconnected
from their surroundings.

This is part of the
fifth

film
, taken towards the
end
of the
project
. This photograph is
unique
and tends to stand on its
own
, as it does not
show
as many
links
with photographs from the
previous

films
.
Favourite
I
took
this photograph, because it has an almost
magical

quality
, that
links
to
storytelling
.

The
perfect

round

shapes
on a clean bed of gravel, makes them
unreal
, and so too does their
regular

planting

pattern
. This is the
most

powerful

aspect
of the
image
.

The
rows
of
plants

vanish
in the
distance
,
linking
to the
theme
of
perspective
,
earlier
on in my
project
.

The
fact
that it was taken near the
middle
of the day meant that the
colours
were
bright
and
crisp
, and the
shadows
were
short
. If the photograph was taken
earlier
or
later
in the day, the
long

shadows
would have
interfered
with the
plants
, and they wouldn't have been so
distinct
from each other. The
short

shadows

enable
each plant to stand
alone
, and that is what makes it so
magical
.

If
I
took
the photograph
again
, I would not
include
the other plants in the
shot
, as they bring some
normality
into the
picture
, and
reduce
its
magical

quality
. Also, I took the
photograph
at head
height
. Had I been able to stand on a
step

ladder
, I would have been able to
seen places
around the
individual
plants
further away
, rather than just the
space
between the
rows
. This would have been far
more

effective
.
I took this
photograph
of pine
woodland
, because I
felt
it
fit
in
perfectly
with the
form
of
story

telling
. This picture has a
foreground
, and a
background
in which I can place my
images
. The fact that the
trees
are quite
far
apart, means that I can
place

images
between the
trees
as well.
INTENTIONS:
In this
film
, I started to
layer

images
of
signs
(taken from
previous

films
) on to
photographs
of
forests
(taken in my
last

film
). I wanted to
explore
how
signs
could be used
create

layering

effects on unusual backgrounds.

Tierney

Gearon
,
Harry

Callahan
,
Annie Leibovitz
and
Lee Friedlander
have all been
major influences
in this
film
.



REASONING
: This film
marks
the
ending
point of my
project
, as the 3
main

ideas
of this
project
(
signs, the 'looking along' perspective, and the idea of image layering and transparency
) have all been fully
investigated
. This film continues to
explore
the last
main

idea
(
layering
) that I would
like
to
include
in my
final

image
.
My
favourite
and
best
photographs as


EVALUATE:This film has been very successful, as has combined all elements of my previous films (including: looking along,
I would
like
to include
image

layering
in my
final

image(s)
.

Tierney Gearon
was Born in
Atlanta
, GA on the 9th of September
1963
.
Tierney

Gearon
bases her work in Los Angeles.
She is a
contemporary

photographer
, who has gained both
worldwide

recognition
for her
powerful
and
intense

colorful

photographs
.
Her
life goal
was always to be a
mother
. After being a
model
,
mother
and
commercial

photographer
for many
years
, her marriage deteriorated. She then turned her
camera
on her
family
. She gained
images
of her
family
on
different

family
trips around the
world
. She was
eventually

discovered
by
Charles

Saatchi
, and was thrown into the
spot light
in
2001
when her
work
was
featured
as one of the main
photographers
in the
famed

“I Am A Camera” exhibition
at the
Saatchi Gallery
in
London
.
Gearon
work
continues
to feature in
exhibitions

worldwide
.
Tierney Gearon
has also started to
publish
much of her
work
.

Tierney Gearon has layered her photographs using Photoshop:
Open Photoshop
Open a photograph for the background
Open another image to be layered on top of the photograph you previously chose
Using the select tool, select the photograph you just opened and copy it
Paste the photograph onto the photograph first selected.
Decrease the opacity of the top photograph
Use the free transform tool to resize/ change the perspective of the photograph
Move the photograph if necessary
At this point, merge the background and new photograph together, in order to add another photograph layer
NB. she aslo projected images onto large prints to achieve the same effect.
Best
Favourite
Image Table Comparison between My image (on the left) and an image by Tierney Gearon (right)
Similarities
Differences
I decided to further explore this 'looking through
glass layering effect', but returned to photographing signs in the form of street signs (instead of food logos), as it offered more photographic opportunity
. I took my
4th film
of photographs (
looking through glass
at
signs
) in
town.
When taking photographs here I
realized
that I
liked
the
glass
and its
reflective

quality
and its
ability
to
create
different
image layers
. I was inspired by many different photographers in the 'book of confusion' to make my photographs visually confusing and therefore more interesting. I also wanted to continue to use the looking along perspective.
Tierney Gearon's work contains 2 layers of photograph, whereas my image contains 3 layers of photograph.
Light and Shadow
: There are many shadows in Gearon's work, whereas there aren't many in mine.
I
chose
this
photograph
as the
best
in my film, as I am really pleased with the ways in which I have included signs in the photograph.
The
first

image
was an old photograph, showing a street, taken by photographer Walker Evans . The middle of the street is off centre to the
photograph
, this allows for a narrower looking along perspective. The symbols/signs I
layered
on top, were taken from the signs mentioned below:

Value
: Both photographs have large variation in dark and light tones

Shapes
: As both photographs have been taken in urban settings, the shapes featured in both photographs have straight edges, tend to rectangular etc

Lines
: There are many strong, prominent, straight and thick lines in both photographs

Scale
: Both photographs include a person, this gives the viewer a clear indication of the scale at which the photograph has been taken.

Colour
: Both photographs have been taken in colour

Texture
: Both photographs show manmade textures, such as concrete, glass and brick, as both have been taken in an urban environment.

Balance
: Both photographs feel balanced.
Angle
: Both photographs were taken from different angles. My photograph (to the left) was taken at eye level height and looking straight ahead, however Gearon (image above) has approached her subject matter at a slightly 'off centered' angle.

Framing
: I have chosen to frame my photograph (on the left) using cars and the stripey sign. Terney has not chosen to frame her work, although some could argue that she has done this less distinctively with shadow.

Dominance
: Gearon has one main point of dominance (or focus) within her photograph above, which includes the woman. In my photograph (to the left) there are many points of dominance (focus) including; the man, the stripy sign, the cars to the left of the photograph, and the protruding signs, that lead your eyes down the street.
This is my
favourite
film, because again, the
perspectives of the street, and signs (taken another street)

line

up
perfectly and
work well together.

Unlike
my
best
photograph which was
composed
of
two layers
, this
photograph
was
composed
of
three
.
I
decided
to include the man in the photograph as he added perspective to the overall photograph.


The work by
Harry

Callahan

inspired
me to layer images on top of each other, and then reduce the
opacity
of the
upper layer
in order to view part of the photograph hidden underneath.


If I were to
improve
this image, I would have
increased
the
contrast
on the signs protruding from the building. This would have made the
writing
more
legible
, despite having
increased
the
transparency
previously.
I used the
free

transform
tool on Photoshop to
resize
the images to the
appropriate sizes
.
I
chose
this work by
Annie Leibovitz
, because the image
relates
to the
story

telling

theme
of my
project
.
The
image
has been entirely
constructed
from pieces of borrowed
photographs
. The
images
are put
together
like a
jigsaw
to create a
picture
.
The pieces of
photograph
have been carefully chosen to
depict

I

believe
the
story
of
St George and the Dragon.
The
most visual element
is the rider on the
horse
in the
center
of the
piece
. He is in the
center
of the
photograph
and is the
largest

clearest
image. He is the
subject
of the
work
. The
pure white horse
and the
red cape suggest
he is a
hero
, off to do a good deed. The
hills
in the
background
are hazy and the
clever

use
of a
sunset sky reflected
in the
water
along with the
fairytale

castle
, gives a
mythical

quality
to the
image
.
Any other

sky
would
not
have had the
same effect
.
The
dragon
, although
not shown
, is
depicted
by the use of
flames
in the
foreground
of the
picture,
and these
flames
are a very
strong
and
detailed

important

element
of the
image
.
I
think

Leibovitz
want to keep
myths alive
by using photographs, she has
injected
a sort of
realism
into the
story
.
This
piece
is very
useful
for my
final image(s)
. It shows how
selective

images
can be put
together
to
tell a story.
Photomontage
Analysis of a Photograph by Tierney Gearon Exploration of Layering
This is one of my
favourite
images taken by
Tierney Gearon
. The strange illogical positioning of the house, and the
people carrying out completely different activities

creates
an immediate
fictional

response
for the


viewer
.

When you
first

look
at this piece, you
firstly

notice
the
unusual

combination
of
people
and their contrasting activities, and how they
interact
in the
same image
. (In
reality
the
people
are in a
separate
photograph, which has been
layered
over using a
projector
.)

The
fact
that this
image
and all its
image

layers
have been kept in
colour
makes the photograph seem more realistic. This balance between the real world and fantasy is a theme that runs through a lot of
Gearon's other

work
. The
colour
in each
photographic

layer
may have even been
enhanced
to
add
to this
effect
.
AS Photography Unit Two 2015
Signs, image transparency and layering

By Isabelle Broughton

No.: 5226

INTENTIONS
:

For my first film, I visited
Stockbridge
and was interested in taking photographs of the large variety of
signs
that I could find in an
urban setting
.
REASONING
: I wanted to photograph the large variety of both
man made
and
handmade
signs I found. I wanted to show how each sign looked
unique
(different
shapes
, different
uses
and different
ages
etc). I also wanted to
experiment
with different
view points
, so when taking photographs, I positioned my camera at many different
angles
, when looking at the signs.
DEVELOPMENT:
Walker Evans
often takes photographs in
streets
, and uses the
'looking along' perspective.

I want to

explore
this
same perspective
in my
first film
.
I also want to take
some photographs
concentrated with signs
, and some photographs, on the other hand with very
little subject matter
included. ie. of one sign only. Lastly,
I want to
take my first film in a
street setting
.
As the
different

shades

of grey are quite
similar
,
Evan's

has used this to his

advantage

by

lining

up

the Motor Co. building with the lighter coloured bottom of the telephone pole, as indicated by a red arrow on the photograph opposite.
The colour of the sky is a very
similar

shade
to the sign beneath the 'Public Telephone' sign, which makes the sign
merge

into

the

background
creating
visual

confusion
. If the photograph was taken in colour this photo would not have the same
effect
. The sign that is almost the same color as the sky is the
second
thing you are
attracted
to in this photograph.
Image Analysis: Walker Evans
Signs and perspective
Image Analysis: Walker Evans
Signs and perspective continued...
DEVELOPMENT:
William

Eggleston's
work
influences
and
challenges
the way in which I photograph signs. His work
helps
me
reflect
on all the different camera
angles
and
perspectives
I could use when photographing signs, the
distances
at which I should take photographs, and lastly how much '
subject

matter
' I should include in different photographs; i.e. whether they should appear
busy
or
empty
.
My Photographs
development
by William Eggleston
by William Eggleston
by William Eggleston
DEVELOPMENT:
I want to
continue
the
viewpoint
of '
looking along'
, and the
subject matter
(signs) in my
next film
.
My photographs

'UNIQUENESS' OF IMAGE:
What
sets this image apart
from
others
in the film is the obvious
transparency
of the bags in the freezer. They look
ghostly
, and note many of my other
photographs
also show this
effectively.

IMPROVEMENTS
: If I were to
take
this photograph
again
, I
don't
think that I would
change
anything This was the
best angle
to get the
ghostly
food bags. I like the
lines of lighting
at the
top
of the image, and if I had
included more
of the next
glass
door, I would have had
less bag images
.

SUMMARY
: All in all, I think that
anyone looking
at my image would
understand
the
layering effect
, achieved by the
different
degrees of
transparency
of the different elements.
5th Film - Compilation of backgrounds for layering
KEY
IMAGES

Experimentation with Brightness
and Contrast Levels
What I changed:

Shadows
were
lightened
,
highlights
were
darkened
, and the
midtone

contrast
was also
lightened
using
photoshop
.

My Intentions:
To
create
an
appropriate

background
to allow for
layering
images.

Successful?:
Yes, now that I have
edited
the
photograph
, to make it appear
lighter
, more
layers
will appear.

What aspect I want to continue into my next film:
I want use this image in both my
next

film
and my
final

image
INTENTIONS:
This film is a compilation of images taken from a
variety
of different
sources
. I have
carefully selected
photographs from,
previous films
, and other artists including S
tephen Shore, Andreas Feininger, Walker Evans
, and
Berenice Abbott.
The
suitability
of each image,
depended on the: ratio of foreground to background
, and the '
space
' available on to which I am able to
layer signs.


REASONING
: I have
chosen
to only use photographs that show an
urban

setting
, as this
theme
has been
running throughout my project.
I have also chosen photographs that
continue
to use the
'looking along' perspective.


EVALUATE:
This film has been
successful
, as I have found a
wide range
of images suitable for
background images
. I have fulfilled my objectives for this film. I have
annotated
the film below with the
different sources
I have used, and my
best
and
favourite
image.
Before
After
Images from confusion book continued...
INSPIRATIONS:
was inspired by the works of
Harry Callahan
to incorporate different image layers within my photography. Harry Callahan used
different camera techniques
and then
transposed
lots of
different images
on top of each other with different
opacity's
,
whereas
my image was
achieved
by the use of
glass
. Also my photograph was not
constructed
or
edited
in any way.


It is this photograph, that has been made more
opaque
in some
places
, and
left

strong
in others - in
particular
, the face of a woman walking
toward the camera
is
central
to the whole
image
, and is
immediately

striking
to the
viewer
.

There is also a
reflection
of a
sign
that includes the word 'Christmas' which is a
clue
as to what the
image
is
about
.


Harry Callahan's
work has played a large
influence
in my project from
film 3 onwards
. I
love
the way he
creates
image
layers
in a
different

way
to every other
artist
I have mentioned in this
project
. Callahan often uses the
same

photograph
in his work, but is still able to
create
a
layering

effect
by
layering

multiple copies
of the
same

image
over each other, and by
moving
each one slightly e.g.
left or right each time
, and then finally
reducing
the
opacity
of each
photograph
, so the
other photographs
are
visible

underneath.
DESCRIPTION
: In this work, two photographs have been
superimposed
, one on top of the other. The image that the
viewer
sees
first
is that of people
walking

along
the
pavement
in a
shopping
stet. The
photograph
was taken at
eye

level
from the road, looking towards the shop fronts, with
side
on
views
of people walking
along
the pavement.

PHOTOGRAPHER POSITIONING:
The photograph
imposed
onto this was also taken at
head height
, but this
time
, the
photographer
was
standing
on the pavement. We can
see
the faces of people walking
towards

the

camera
, and the backs of people
walking away
from the
camera
.
ATTITUDES
: I think the photographer is
sympathetic
towards the
subject

matter
. All the images were taken at
eye

level
, which makes us
feel
that the
photographer
is merely an
observer
of the
scene
.

Also, the
image
shows normal people going about their normal
lives
,
unaware
that they are being
photographed
.
DEEPER MEANING:
I also
think
that the
darkness/contrast
of the
photograph
has an
impact
. The word '
Christmas
' is in the
image
, but the
darkness
is a
contradiction
. Christmas is a
happy

time
, but the
darkness
makes the shopping look
grim
rather than
happy
- which is
reflected
in the woman's
face

central
to the
work
.
Despite
being Christmas, there is no snow, the
hard
pavement adds
grittiness
to the
image
.

OPINION:
I
think
that all of these
factors
are meant to
show
the
reality
of
Christmas
.

INTENTIONS
: Although the
people
themselves are quite
natural
, the
layers
have been
deliberately chosen
,
positioned
and
adjusted
to
create
the
final image
. The
three

images build up information
for the
viewer
.

The fact that the
final image
is
black and white

enables
the woman's head to be very
visible
. If all the
elements
were in
colour
, the
overlay
would be
lost
in the '
busyness
' of the
picture
.
6th Film Influences - Harry Callahan - Image layering and the use of different transparencies
DEVELOPMENT
: In my
next film
, I want to begin to
layer

different

signs
and
images
onto some of these
urban backgrounds.


PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS
: When taking
photographs
for this film, I wanted to find
landscapes
with the right
foreground
to background
balance
, so that when I
layered
the
signs
on, in the
next

film
, they didn't look out of
proportion
. By using a variety of images from different sources, I was able to face this problem.
Anything that I haven't highlighted is of my own work. I have indicated the films, from which photographs I have used:
Films 1,2,4.
WALKER EVANS
BERENICE ABBOTT
STEPHEN SHORE
ANDREAS
FEININGER
FAVOURITE
BEST
BEST
FAVOURITE
Experimenting with layering images using varying opacity to create interesting landscapes
How I achieved this final image:
I opened the original street photograph in Photoshop Elements.
I then opened the signs on fencing photograph.
I flipped the sign photograph horizontally, so the signs would appear on the right side of the street.
I selected the area I wanted to copy (the fence) using the magic wand tool.
I then copied the selected part of the image, and pasted it onto to street photograph. I used the free transform tool, to alter the size of the signs to make sure that they were proportionate to the sides of the street. I also used the skew tool, to make sure the perspective looked right.
I then reduced the opacity of the signs from 100% to 60% so that you are able to see some of the original street beneath the added layer.
I repeated the steps above, to give the illusion of people crossing the road, using the other sign photograph.
6th Film - Sign layering Influenced by Tierney Gearon
3rd Film -Food logos and Looking through glass - perspective and introduction to layering
4th Film - Signs through Glass - layering
5th Film - Compilation of backgrounds for layering
When, I
first

started
to
experiment
with
layering

images
, I selected
individual

signs
and
pasted
them onto
another
photograph. In this case, I
layered
them onto a
photograph
taken of a street (by Stephen Shore). When
choosing
the
background

photograph
I
wanted
to
select
a
background
that had enough space to
layer

signs
, and also a good
foreground
to
background
ratio to avoid the signs from looking disproportionate.

ATTITUDES
: The image is slightly
humorous
, as
Friedlander
has taken a photograph of the two people standing, however they are
unaware
of this as they are so
occupied
with looking at the
view
in front of them that they will never know.

OTHER IMPACTS:
The fact that the
sun

isn't shining

brightly
means that the
image

layers
; including; the cliff, trees and people outside are not
stronger
than the
image

layers

inside
the
building
. This
helps
the
element
of
confusion
. On a
sunny
day the objects outside would appear
too

bright
, and the '
layering
'
effect
would not be achieved, making the photographs
less

interesting
.

DEVELOPMENT
: I plan to use the '
LAYERING
'
concept
of these photographs as
explained
above in my
final

image
.


INTENTIONS
: The photograph has been taken in
black

and

white
. I
think
this
intentionally
makes the photo more
confusing
and
mixes
together the
image

layers
,
blending
them into
each other
.
Some
image

layers
are
stronger
, while others are
feinter
. If the same
photograph
was taken in
colour,
then t
he
reflection o
f the
trees
and people outside would
dominate
the photograph.


EFFECTIVENESS
: This picture is
effective,
as you need to
study
it
carefully
to work out which people are
outside
the building, and which people are
inside
.
I think that the Friedlander was
amused
by the
mixture
of
image

layers
. I don't
think
the image was
purposefully

arranged
, I think it was taken on
spur of the moment
, as the
positions
the people are very natural.
DESCRIPTION:
The top photograph is of two people standing with thei reflectionon the
glass
behind them of the 4 US presidents carved into a cliff in South Dakota, USA


COMPOSITION
: The picture is made up of
layers
of images: - there are two people outside the building taking photographs; you can
secondly

see
people through the large
panes
of
glass
, and finally you can see the
reflection
of the cliff face on the
glass

windows
Lee Friedlander - layering Images - continued...
I have included a:
- dog & owner (taken from a pick up after your dog sign); a sign for hot dogs, a dog (taken from a keep dog on lead sign); acctv camera; a man getting electrocuted (taken from a high voltage warning sign)

I positioned the signs carefully using the free trsform tool, to scale, I then
altered
the
opacity
of the signs (from
0%
to
50%
), so the
street background
would partly show through. The
effect
was very
successful
, as neither photograph component
dominates
the other.


When you
begin
to
study
this photograph, your
eyes
are
first

drawn
to the figure picking up after the dog, in the foreground.
.
The other signs draw your attention down the rest of the street.


The photograph comes in at the
end
of my
project
, and contains many of the
past themes
of my
films
, i.e.
looking along
and
perspective
;
signs
;
concentrated subject matter,

transparency
and now
layering
.


Tierney Gearon
in
particular

influenced
this
photograph
. I used the
idea
that within the
same

image
it is possible to make some parts more
transparent
to allow other areas of the photograph to appear more
dominant
.
If

I
were to
improve
this image, I would
crop
the photograph, as some of the
projected

image
shows
beneath
the
screen
of the
landscape including the old couple (on the left hand side)
. By
cropping
the
image
,
image confusion
would be
amplified
, as it would be
unclear
to the
viewer
about how many
image

layers

Gearon
used to
create
the
image
, and how the image was
composed
. Due to this
continuation
of
projection
, the
viewer
can
currently
clearly see that this image, has been made up of
2

main

image

layers
.
Analysis of a Photograph by Tierney Gearon Exploration of Layering, continued...
The
projector
has imposed the
second
photograph
layer
(the photograph
including
the 2
people in the foreground
) onto the house
scene
with the mother and child at slight
angle
. This
change
in
angle
and
perspective
has prevented the 3 (4) people from
overlapping
. Modifying the angle also ensured that the proportions of people to house were visually correct.
Gearon
has done this
specifically
, to make the whole
image
look like a
single

photograph
, and not
two separate image layers
.
This photograph was entirely
structured
. If
Gearon
did
not

structure
the
positioning
of the
image layers
and their opacity's, then there would be no sense to the two image layers, and the photograph would be
meaningless
.
When
Gearon
took this photograph, I
think
she
liked
the
idea
of
creating
a
realistic
and
photographic

image
of a
fantasy landscape
.
Final image design & project overview
This photograph is very relevant as
it marks the
near - end point
of my
project
. This photograph not only
combines all of the aspects

explored
in my
previous films
(looking ang perspective, signs, layering and transparency) but also provides the perfect
background
onto which I am able to layer on more signs.

This photograph conjures up the
idea
of
confusion
, due to the multiple
image layers
- this is the
main emotional response
to the image.

The
light levels
, although out of my
control
,
had a
positive impact
on this photgraph, and allowed for a good quality reflection and therefore many
image layers
to be formed.

Lighting -
strong, natural white lighting, equally distributed and focused, reflecting off the shop window.

I first noticed
the shop window on the right,
my eyes were then led leftwards
following all the shop windows, noticing the
reflections
and
signs
untill eventually reaching the shop doors on the very left hand side of the photograph.

When I took this photograph
, I wanted to
include
all
previous aspects
of my project.

I
f I were to
improve
this image,
I would have taken this photograph from a slightly
different angle
to allow for the build up of more
reflections
and thus
image layers
.


The most
important aspec
t
of this photograph, is the
looking along view point
at which it was taken, and the
idea
of
narrowing

viewpoint
and
perspective
.
I decided to stand on one side of the road to
emphasize
the
perspective
.


This image will lead to the
further

development
of my project
-
as I will be able to
layer
on signs using
photoshop
, from
previous work
and using other
photographers
. This will help to create a more complex and interesting photograph. I will
experiment
with this in my
next
film.


This photograph therefore marks
the near
end
point of my
project
.
This photograph was taken looking down Winchester high street.
DEVELOPMENT;
I was really inspired by the ways in which
Harry Callahan layered images
on top of eachother.
Influenced
by Callahans work, in my
sixth film
, I want to
experiment
with
layering
different parts of images over different parts of photographs, and
decreasing
the
opacity
of the top layer. I will
continue
to use this
effect
in my
final image/s.
In my own
opinion
, I have
full

filled
my
aims
of this
project
fully because from every film I have taken, it is very
clear
to
someone else
what I was
interested
in and my
focus
and
objectives
.

Each film also leads on to each other with a
clear focus
which can be seen from my
final

images
for each film. I have also used a
variety
of
camera

techniques
when photographing some of my
films
and have
emphasized
the
features
of photographs I
like
through
experimentation
. I think these are some of the
main

successes
from this
project
.

I have
not

experienced
many
problems
in
regards
to this
project
, however I have sometimes found it
challenging
to
think
of what to photograph
next
that
leads
on from my
previous

film
that shows image
layering
, but in a
different
way than
explored previously
.

However the
same key ideas of signs/the 'looking along' perspective/ the busyness of photography/image layers/transparency
run throughout and are
continued
from one
film
to
another
. The fact that I
only used

glass
, and did not
explore
any other
reflective mediums
, could be a slight
weakness
of my
project
.

In
more detail
, a
main strength
of this project was film 6. This was in my
opinion
the
most successful
film because it
demonstrated
and
summarized
all the
key themes
of my
project
in just
one

film
.

Lastly If I were to
complete
this
project
again, I would have i
nvestigated image layering
further using
different reflective mediums.
Throughout this
project
, I was
interested
in
studying
and
exploring
the
themes
of
signs
, the
'looking along' perspective
and lastly the
ideas
of;
image layering
, and
transparency
.

When I
began this project
, I started to look at
signs
and the
large variety
of both
man made
and
handmade
signs. I wanted to show how each
sign
looked
unique
(
different shapes, different uses and different ages
etc) .
This
'looking along perspective'
then
led
me on to
study

aisles
of
food packaging
, including bold
food logos
and packaging as another form of '
sign
'. Much of this film was taken in the freezer isle. When looking back at my photographs from this film, I noticed how the
glass
in some photographs created
layers
of image. These layers included the
reflection
of the isle and the items behind the glass.

Whilst investigating
investigating
;
transparency, signs and image layering
, I was very
inspired
by the works of
Tierney Gearon
. Especially by the work in one of her photography projects entitled '
The Exposure Project'.
Gearon's work had a considerably large
influence on my project, and therefore subsequently, the final image.
Inspired by a photograph from my previous film, I then began to
experiment
with the different
viewpoints at which I could photograph signs
, so when taking photographs, I
positioned
my
camera
at many
different angles. I found that the 'looking along perspective' was the most commonly occurring viewpoint in this film.

Project Evaluation pt. 2
In my
5th film
, I compiled many photographs of
urban settings such as streets
, taken from
previous films
and various
photographers work
. I used these photographs as a
background
on to which I was able to
layer
on signs in my
6th film.

5th film - backgrounds
6th film - Layering signs onto backgrounds
Project Evaluation pt. 3
Development - William Eggleston - Distribution of subject matter
by William Eggleston
by William Eggleston
development
My Photographs
Development - Walker Evans- Signs and urban setting
Walker Evans Work
My work
PERSPECTIVE, HANDMADE, MAN MADE, COLOUR, VIEWPOINT, DIFFERENT USES, OLD SIGNS, NEW SIGNS
PERSPECTIVE, LOOKING ALONG, ANGLE, SIGNS, NARROWING PERSPECTIVE
Development - Stephen Shore- Food logos & landscapes for layering
Photographs by Stephen Shore
LOOKING ALONG PERSPECTIVE, GLASS, LOOKING THROUGH, LAYERING, FOOD LOGOS, COLOUR, DISTRIBUTION, TRANSPARENCY OPACITY
Development- Berenice Abbott - concentration of subject matter
My photographs
Berenice Abbott's photographs
Development - Harry Callahan - Layering Images
My photographs
Harry Callahan's Work
SIGNS, LAYERS, LOOKING ALONG, OPACITY, TRANSPARENCY, REFLECTION, SHOP WINDOWS
LOOKING THROUGH GLASS, SHOP WINDOWS, TRANSPARENCY, SIGNS, PERSPECTIVE, COLOUR, LOOKING ALONG, URBAN SETTING, LAYERING, COMPOSITION
Development - Harry Callahan - Image layering and the use of different transparencies
Harry Callahan's work
My photography
SIGNS, LAYERING, TRANSPARENCY, OPACITY, PERSPECTIVE, SHOP WINDOWS
Lee Friedlander's Photography
My work
Development - Lee Friedlander - layering Images
My work
SIGNS

LOOKING ALONG
PERSPECTIVE

FOOD LOGOS

SIGNS THROUGH GLASS

URBAN SETTING

SHOP WINDOW

LAYERING

USE OF OLD FASHIONED SIGNS FROM OTHER ARTISTS
film 5

film 1
film 2
film 3
film 4
William Eggleston - Experimentation with colour to create different atmospheric moods
lonely
old
tired
dismal
barren
deserted
empty landscape
warm colours of earth contrast blue - purple colours of sky
dark sky
stormy weather
unease
cold colours
blues and greens
contrasting areas of light (road) and vegetation, sky (dark)
cheerful
weather
light sky
sun on signs
positive
cold and warm colours

Development - Experimenting with colour to create different atmospheric moods
mix of warm and cold colours creates sense of - foreboding
warm colours
sunny
yellows and oranges - warm end of the spectrum
hazey sky
warm colours associated with feelings of calm, mellow and happiness
moody
mysterious
lonely
spooky
interesting
pink - blue colour scheme
refreshing
excitement
glow
contrasting
colours
bold
sign clear & close up
opposing colours - red & green
taken at night
contrasting colours
spooky
black and white
cold
Development:
I would like many of my photos in following films to portray a mood. (using colour).
shadows,
light pastel colours
mellow
summer feel
evening
Blue sky contrast signs making them stand out, white light, refreshing, morning, new
Experimentation with font - to create interest - Walker Evans
Development - font - to create interest - Walker Evans
Walker Evans Work
My work
Walker Evans Work
Walker Evans Work
Development:
I would like to continue to photograph signs with a wide variety of fonts in my 2nd Film.
Experimentation: handmade vs. manmade signs to create interest
Development:
I would like to continue to photograph a variety of man made and handmade signs in next film
uneven print/
paint work
age of sign is clear
much more
texture
irregular
shapes
wispy writing
curly
writing
different colours
only two colours used; black and white
even print
less texture - smooth and even
age of sign unclear
vs.
clear writing
regular shapes
Experimentation with composition, lines and structure
I have outlined the lines in each photograph; to show:
- perspectives
- viewpoints
- composition
- structure
<<<<< Continuation of 'looking along' perspective and narrowing viewpoint.
Development:
I will continue to explore photographs in ways such as; composition, grid format, looking along perspective, different viewpoints, structure in my next and future films.
Experimentation with distance to create perspective
Close up
vs.
Far
Comparing my work to the works of Lee Friedlander. Emphasis on shop windows and the idea of layering.
Both photographs include:
shop windows, multiple reflections, different transparencies, confusion, different image 'layers'
My work
Lee Friedlander's work
Analysing the different ways in which Harry Callahan layers Images
a) By multiple exposure
b) By layering images and reducing the transparency of the top layer
By Harry Callahan
By Harry Callahan

My work
Development:
In the photograph to the left, I have photographed a freezer isle door. The image has lots of
layers
, alike in
Harry Callahan's
photograph above. Callahan has used
double exposure
to create this effect. I would like to use both the 'double exposure' effect and the more simple layering effect (as shown in Callahan's photograph above) in my
final image.
Full transcript