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Guidelines for better photography

Digital Imaging : Move your images from snapshots to photographs

Heather Lawrenz

on 1 January 2015

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Transcript of Guidelines for better photography

Guidelines for better photography
Rule of Thirds
Avoid Mergers
Give the center of interest in your pictures the most visual attention.
Select uncomplicated backgrounds that will not steal attention from your subjects.
by moving in closer and using the plain sky as the background, we have simplified and improved the appearance of this photograph.
Simplify your pictures and strengthen your center of interest by selecting uncomplicated backgrounds, avoiding unrelated subjects, and moving in close.
If you want to make your center of interest even more dynamic, place it slightly off center in your frame.
Generally, pictures with subjects directly in the center tend to be more static and less interesting than pictures with off-center subject placement.
Rule of thirds
Imagine your picture area divided into thirds horizontally and vertically. The intersections of these imaginary lines suggest four options for placing the center of interest for good composition. The option you select depends upon the subject and how you would like that subject to be presented.
We picked the upper-right position for this subject so that we could see the full shadow and most of the tracks that lead to the seagull.
The lighthouse seems well placed in the upper right just because the rest of the scene fits nicely into the format.
Have the model pose anywhere along the walkway. The rule of thirds indicates this placement which also gives the model a definite path to follow within the picture area.
You should always consider the path of moving subjects and, generally, leave space in front of them into which they can move.
Just as it's usually best to place horizons off center, it's also best to place verticals off center. For instance, in the picture on the left, the subject is centered, but on the right, the photographer got a more effective photograph by simply changing the viewpoint.
help to move viewer's eye around artwork
In the second image, we can look up and see the lines against a clear blue sky. The picture on the right is much more dynamic because of the strong diagonal lines.
You can use diagonals as leading lines to provide a way into the picture. It's a simple and easy path for the eye to follow to the main subject.
You can also use repetitive lines to draw viewers' attention to your center of interest.
One of the most common and graceful lines used in composition is called the S curve
Good balance is simply the arrangement of shapes, colors, or areas of light and dark that complement one another so that the photograph looks well-balanced
frame the center of interest with objects in the foreground. This can give a picture the feeling of depth it needs to make it more than just another snapshot.
The Washington Monument on the left is composed in the center without a frame. The picture on the right has a stronger feeling of depth and tells a more complete story because the photographer chose an appropriate foreground to complement the Washington Monument.
Avoid mergers
content courtesy of photoinfo.com
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