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Transcript of George Segal
American Pop Sculptor (1924-2000) Born November 26, 1924
Segal was married to Helen Segal in 1946
From the 1950's until his death he lived on a chicken farm in New Jersey, where he held events for his friends in the art industry
Took part in John Cage's legendary experimental composition classes
Allan Kaprow coined the term Happening to describe the art performances that took place on Segal's farm in the Spring of 1957
Career Segal started his art career as a painter; however, he is best known for his life size sculpting How he made his casts Eventually he started having the final forms cast in bronze, sometimes patinated white to resemble the original plaster. Segal's Art
Period/Style: Pop-art Sculpture 1962 Cinema 1963 Old Woman at the Window 1965 Chicken 1966 Portrait of Sydney Janis 1967 The Parking Garage 1968 The Girlfriends 1969 The Dancers 1971 New York Collection for Stockholm 1973 The Curtain 1974 Three Figures in Red Shirts 1975 Girl in Blue Jeans View From Back 1975 Couple in Open Doorway 1977 Bus Passengers 1980 Circus Acrobats 1981 The Holocaust 1982 Depression Bread Line 1991 Street Crossing 1992 In 1993 Segal returned to painting after 30 years of interruption Untitled 1964 Painting her Toenails 1993 “Even though the museums guarding their precious property, fence everything off; in my own studio, I made them so you and I could walk in and around, and among these sculptures.” ~ George Segal Elements of Design in Segal's Art *Segal includes form in his 3D sculptures of people and animals
*2D shapes are seen in his sculptures;however, his shapes are seen in the color he chooses in his paintings
*Texture is seen in Segal's sculptures in the casks and plaster marks seen after the molds are formed.
*Both negative and positive space is seen in Segal's work: lighter space is seen in the sculptures, themselves and darker negative space is created in the environment around the figures.
*Lining creates the negative and positive space- lines create the features on the sculptures and illustrate the negative space around them.
*Color is rarely seen in Segal's sculptures because he keeps his creations white;however, blues, reds, and oranges, are seen in some of his artwork. These colors set the mood prominent throughout his peices. Principles of Design *The majority of Segal's work is Assymetrical, that is not perfectly balanced on either side.
*In general sense, Segal builds his sculptures and their figures proportionaly.
*Segal also constructs his art to scale (life size).
*The only real contrast seen in Segal's work is the unrealistic color (white) of his creations place in realistic settings.
*Segal uses lighting in his exhibits to emphasize the mood of each peice.
*Unity is seen in the similarity each figure is made as well as the interatction between the figures (if there are two or more) and the interaction between the figures and the setting.
*Variety, in general, is seen throughout Segal's work in the different figures and settings they are in. As far as individually, Segal mainly only has two concepts in each peice: figure and background, which contain little variety together.
*In the repettitious pattern of the Key Concepts *art is mainly Freestanding Relief-In the Round Segal pioneered the use of plaster bandages (plaster-impregnated gauze strips designed for making orthopedic casts) as a sculptural medium. In this process, he first wrapped a model with bandages in sections, then removed the hardened forms and put them back together with more plaster to form a hollow shell. These forms were not used as molds; the shell itself became the final sculpture, including the rough texture of the bandages. Initially, Segal kept the sculptures stark white, but a few years later he began painting them, usually in bright monochrome colors. LIFETIME