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Garrett Croley and Nolan Craft 7 Principles of the Constitution Presentation
Transcript of Garrett Croley and Nolan Craft 7 Principles of the Constitution Presentation
The Seven Principles of the Constitution
Checks and Balances
Separation of powers
Popular Sovereignty is a government in which the people rule.
A system of government in which the states and national government share powers.
a government in which the people vote for their political representatives.
guarantees certain personal liberties and privileges to everyone.
everyone in the government must follow the same rules from average person to president.
each branch has certain controls over the other branches.
the government is divided into three branches: executive, Judicial, and legislative.
Garrett Croley and Nolan Craft
The First Amendment in the Bill of Rights, for example, protects freedom of religion. This means anyone can attend the church of his or her choice or no church at all.
Individual Rights allow people to live as freely as possible without government control of their personal lives.
Non-example: In some countries, such as the UK and China, citizens are not allowed to keep and bear arms. Whereas, in the US, law-abiding citizens may own firearms.
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One example of federalism is that the states can decide if gambling is legal in the state, but they cannot legally coin money.
An example of separation of powers is that congress created law "x" and the president signed it into law, however, the supreme court deemed it unconstitutional and law "x" was discarded.
An example of checks and balances is that the president can veto a law but congress can override the veto.
A non example of federalism is China because its provinces have no power in the government. the central government rules everything.
Federalism works in our country by making sure that the federal government does not have all of the power. The states are able to remain safe from any kind of tyranny. power is not delegated to the central government and not denied to the states are reserved for the states and the people.
an example of Republicanism is that the citizens of the united states vote on their leaders. article i of the constitution provides for a bicameral congress comprised of a house of representatives and a senate all of whose members are elected by the people on a regular schedule.
This principle works in our government by allowing the person of the people's choice to lead our country instead of one royal bloodline ruling forever.
A non example of republicanism is old England when it was a monarchy. the lead decision maker of the entire country was appointed because of his or her ancestry. The people could not change who was their leader (unless they overthrew them). Today, Saudi Arabia is still an absolute monarchy.
this principle is used in the government by giving different branches separate, specific but equal power so that no one branch has too much power.
an example popular sovereignty is that the present is elected by registered voters in the US. It uses an electoral college system. The president is also limited to two 4 year terms.
Popular sovereignty works in our government today by having a leader who is chosen by the people and can be removed from office if they are not performing as a leader of a nation should.
A non example of popular sovereignty is a dictatorship or tyranny because the people have no power in the government and cannot remove their leader from his or her throne.
The United States Government must follow rules. For example, the government must give the people fair trial by jury. The court must follow this rule and must provide fair trial to all. The president must also follow all laws passed.
A non-example of limited government is a tyranny in which the leader is not limited and can do as he or she pleases. This allows him or her to have complete control over the people and live above the law.
Limited government works in our nation to limit the power of the government. The government has only the powers that the constitution gives it. New laws cannot contradict the constitution.
Checks and balances works in our government to spread power equally and to make sure that no one branch has too much power.
A non-example of checks and balances is a dictatorship because the dictator holds all the power of the government without any limits or other branches of government to oversee his or her power.