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chapter 17 section 3 world history

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Anna Chaney

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of chapter 17 section 3 world history

The Ming and Qing Dynasties The Ming Dynasty In 1368 a peasant named Zhu Yuanzhang and his rebel army overthrew the last Mongol emperor. Zhu took the name Hongwu meaning "vastly martial" and founded the Ming Dynasty. Ming means
"brillant" and this
lasted for 300 years
until 1644. During this period China's rulers gained control of Korea, Mongolia, and parts of central and Southeast Asia Hongwu reduced taxes and passed
reforms to improve agriculture and
trade, increasing stability and
prosperity. When Hongwu died in 1398
was a power struggle his son
Yonglo became emperor ruling
from 1402 until 1424. In 1405 and 1433 Zheng He was a chinese muslim admiral that led seven voyages around the indian ocean as far as Africa The arrival of Christian missionaries and European traders started the isolation of China. Europe and China both influenced each other. One significant European that was influenced was Matteo Ricci, an italian jesuit priest. To gain acceptance he learned chinese and adapted to many of their customs. This gained his entrance Ming court and he is highly respected. There he taught them about european math and science. The Qing Dynasty Lasted from 1644 till 1911, became the last dynasty in 3,500 years of imperial rule in China. The were initially not even from China. The showed respect for the customs and maintained confucian traditions. They also carried over much of the Ming government structure and continued to service examination system. These actions earned the Manchu the respect and loyalty of many of their chinese subjects and restored stability to the empire. They still had restrictions like the Manchu were not allowed to marry Chinese, and Manchu women were forbidden to bind there feet. The males hair had to be shaved in the front with a queue or braid in the back. China flourished under both Kangxi and his grandson Qianlong. Lord George Macartney was a british official that came to china to discuss expanding trade, but the Chinese felt like the british goods were inferior to their own. They demanded he showed respect to the emperor by kowtowing- kneeling in front of the emperor and touching the forehead to the ground nine times, and he refused so they sent him away. Both Ming and Qing dynasties made developments in art and literature. Ming began producing the valuable trade item of blue and white porcelain. Short stories became more popular because of the rising literacy rates. One of China's greatest novels was written in the Qing Dynasty. "Dream of the Red Chamber" by Cao Zhan.
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