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Transcript of Transactional Analysis
By: Kimberly Walls What is transactional analysis? The three branches of the ego states are the Adult, Parent, and Child. These replace Freud's Id, Ego, and SuperEgo What defines the Adult, Parent, Child? A more mature transaction that does not just depend on childhood, but all the information and knowledge that a person has experienced up to this point in their entire life. A person moves between states depending on the situation and environment. Each communication from the ego is considered a transaction. These work together to shape ideas. The goal during therapy is to end the ideals learned as children, and to gain autonomy of our thoughts and decision making. The person hopes to become spontaneous and self aware. Adult- Parent- Child- The person is not in conscious control of their strategy. These transactions depend on responses and behaviors learned during childhood. The pure response state. The person responds directly to reality instead of what they perceive from previous experiences. Communication is a result of interacting transactions. The first person initiates the transaction stimulous. This is followed with the second person, or transactional response.
The goal is to figure out what triggered that type of response. When one responds in what is considered an unhealthy manner (yelling when the first pesrson simply stated a polite sentence), it is a crossed transaction.
While in treatment, instead of analyzing what they said, get to why they said it. The goal is to have transactions on equal footing, such as Parent to Child back to Parent, Parent to Parent, or Adult to Adult. Treatments ... small The theory of transactional analysis was developed by Eric Berne. He wrote the book Games People Play, which brought attention to his new approach to communication and motivations. Non-verbal cues Use traditional talk therapy, attitude assessments, or role play in a group to bring about self awareness. (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr How can it be utilized? Is This Useful In School? Role-play positive interactions and responses. This is effective one on one and in a group. Guide a student toward self reflection. How did they handle the argument or situation, what could they have done differently? Ask yourself if a child needs to look at a situation honestly Use ideals if a student needs help moving to Parent or Adult stage (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Yes Thank you!
Any questions? Look for:
7% actual words
55% expressions Sharf, R.S. (2012). Theories of Psychotherapy & Counseling: Concepts and Cases; fifth edition. California: Brooks/Cole.
Transactional Analysis. (1993). In Bloomsbury Guide to Human Thought. Retrieved from http://mylibrary.wilmu.edu?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/entry/bght/transactional_analysis
http://www.ericberne.com/transactional_analysis_description.htm References Helps define and encourage positive communications or "Strokes". He was born in Montreal, but did his psychiatric training in the US, and became an Army doctor. He developed his personal theory when he found Freud to be inadequate, and built upon those theories to make one more expansive.