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Logical Framework Approach

Based on EC Project Cycle Management guidelines
by

Rory MacDonald

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Logical Framework Approach

The Logical
Framework
Approach Process:
Stakeholder analysis
Problem analysis
Setting of objectives
Strategy selection

Product:
Logical Framework Matrix
(LogFrame) PLANNING Project Cycle Management The project’s hierarchy of objectives

Key external factors for the project’s success (Assumptions)

How the project’s achievements will be monitored and evaluated (Indicators and Sources of Verification) The LogFrame Matrix Two Phases:
1. Analysis
2. Planning ANALYSIS Phase 1 Preliminary
Analysis Policy, sector, institutional context

Existing information and documents Stakeholder
Analysis Understand the concerns, capacities and interests of different groups Problem
Analysis Negative aspect of existing situation
Cause and effect relationship Objectives Future situation after identified problems are remedied Strategies Iterative Process
i.e. constant review
and revision SWOT analysis Example of SWOT stakeholder analysis Phase 2 Draft LogFrame Matrix Column 1 Hierarchy of Objectives Overall Objective: Grand scale

“To contribute to...” [e.g. children’s health]

Purpose: Target Group specific

“Improved/increased/etc...”[e.g. river water quality]

Results: “...reduced/produced/conducted/etc.”

[e.g. Waste water treatment standards established and monitored]

Activities: “Prepare/design/construct/research/etc...”

[e.g. Conduct baseline survey of households and businesses] Column 1 Hierarchy of Objectives Column 4 Assumptions External factors

Affect project achievements

Outside of management control

Directly relate to objectives Column 4 Assumptions Column 3 Indicators Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVI)

Describe project objectives in operationally measurable terms

Quantity, Quality, Time (QQT) A good OVI
should be
"SMART" Column 3 Sources of Verification (SOV) Should be set at the same time as
formulation of indicators

Tests is indicator measurement feasible
(time, cost, effort) How information should be collected

Who should collect/provide the information

When/how often it should be provided Remember... LFA is not just “broad steps”, it is an iterative process.

Therefore constant review and change with new information.

Preliminary research of activities, resources
and costs at same time as drafting LogFrame matrix
– this helps to make objectives realistic.

Flexibility Completed draft LogFrame Matrix Example river pollution project Further reading Available to download at EuropAid Infopoint
http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/infopoint Column 4 Assumptions
Full transcript