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Logical Framework Approach
Transcript of Logical Framework Approach
Setting of objectives
Logical Framework Matrix
(LogFrame) PLANNING Project Cycle Management The project’s hierarchy of objectives
Key external factors for the project’s success (Assumptions)
How the project’s achievements will be monitored and evaluated (Indicators and Sources of Verification) The LogFrame Matrix Two Phases:
2. Planning ANALYSIS Phase 1 Preliminary
Analysis Policy, sector, institutional context
Existing information and documents Stakeholder
Analysis Understand the concerns, capacities and interests of different groups Problem
Analysis Negative aspect of existing situation
Cause and effect relationship Objectives Future situation after identified problems are remedied Strategies Iterative Process
i.e. constant review
and revision SWOT analysis Example of SWOT stakeholder analysis Phase 2 Draft LogFrame Matrix Column 1 Hierarchy of Objectives Overall Objective: Grand scale
“To contribute to...” [e.g. children’s health]
Purpose: Target Group specific
“Improved/increased/etc...”[e.g. river water quality]
[e.g. Waste water treatment standards established and monitored]
[e.g. Conduct baseline survey of households and businesses] Column 1 Hierarchy of Objectives Column 4 Assumptions External factors
Affect project achievements
Outside of management control
Directly relate to objectives Column 4 Assumptions Column 3 Indicators Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVI)
Describe project objectives in operationally measurable terms
Quantity, Quality, Time (QQT) A good OVI
"SMART" Column 3 Sources of Verification (SOV) Should be set at the same time as
formulation of indicators
Tests is indicator measurement feasible
(time, cost, effort) How information should be collected
Who should collect/provide the information
When/how often it should be provided Remember... LFA is not just “broad steps”, it is an iterative process.
Therefore constant review and change with new information.
Preliminary research of activities, resources
and costs at same time as drafting LogFrame matrix
– this helps to make objectives realistic.
Flexibility Completed draft LogFrame Matrix Example river pollution project Further reading Available to download at EuropAid Infopoint
http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/infopoint Column 4 Assumptions