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John Adams

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by

Rebecca Gu

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of John Adams

John Adams
Alien Act
Proposed by
John Adams
- Signed by the

Federalists in 1798
which had to do with the

newspaper commentating on his presidency
and the ability to
deport foreigners
as well as making it
harder for new immigrants to vote.
Raised the
wait list to be able to vote from 5-14 years.

High Federalists
Founded by
Alexander Hamilton

and John Adams.
Wanted to go to
war with France, but Adams refused even though he was a federalist.
High Federalists
scorned him
, and lead to
eventual splitting from the Federalist Party.
Cause
Effect
XYZ Affair (Quasi War with France)
Summary: French armed vessels start detaining American ships because George Washington decided to stay neutral during the French Revolution. John Adams sent 3 ministers to negotiate a deal, however the French demand $250,000 to see, not negotiate with the French Ambassador. Back in the country, the citizens are offended. The Quasi war was an undeclared war between the 2 countries.
States' Rights:
rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the constitution; the belief that states' rights supersede federal rights and laws.
Sedition:
activities aimed at weakening established governments
Definitions
Subversion:

a systematic attempt to overthrow or undermine a government or political system by people secretly working within



Basic Information
In office:
March 4, 1797- March 4, 1801
Elected from:
Massachusetts
Political Party:
Federalist




Vice President:
Thomas Jefferson
Elected from:
Virginia

Political Party:
Democratic-Republican



Nullify:
to cancel or make ineffective
French armed vessels started detaining ships of neutral powers, including the U.S. John Adams sent three minsters to negotiate a deal; French instead demanded a bribe for restoration of relations.
Sedition Act
This

act
prohibited public opposition to the government
. Fines and imprisonment could be used against those who "write, print utter, or publish any false, scandalous or malicious writing" .
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Written by
Thomas Jefferson
in
opposition to the Alien and Sedition Acts
. They
attacked the federalists broad view on the Constitution
. The resolutions said the Constitution merely established a compact between the states and the national government.
The Alien and sedition acts were
repealed during the next two years due to Republican strength growing in the government.

Midnight Appointments
Nation's military strengthened; preparing for possible war (Quasi War)
Convention of 1800
Signing of the
Treaty of Mortefontaine, a commercial agreement to finally settle tensions between the 2 nations.
John Adam's meetings with judges who signed appointments with him, up to midnight on his last day of office.
Biggest Mistake
John Adam's biggest mistake would be the control of his physical condition. His lack of size contributes to the in way in which he dies. Arteriosclerosis is a common disorder in which fat and cholesterol builds up in arteries to form plaque. If he were to exercise, his death would be different.
Full transcript