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Irish Folk Costumes
Transcript of Irish Folk Costumes
Danced in religious rituals in honor of the oak tree and the sun
When the Celts arrived in Ireland over 2,000 years ago, they brought their own folk dances
12th century- Anglo-Norman also brought their customs to Ireland
Popular Norman dance, the Carol, was performed in conquered Irish towns Where it all Began (cont.) Music was played on bagpipes and the harp
Dancing was performed during wakes
Group dances were developed by masters to give their less gifted pupils a chance to enjoy dancing
Several versions of the same dance were performed in different parts of Ireland
Today, jigs, reels, hornpipes, sets, half sets, polkas and step dances are all performed Irish National Costume Included belted plaid, tunic, rews, cochal, brahts, etc.
Consisted of a fringed cloak/mantle which they wore along with check trews and a short tunic (worn by men and women)
Banned by British in 16th century A.D. The Irish were not welcomed in England
Saffron yellow color has importance in Irish costume, though wearing any saffron colored cloth was also banned
Irish National Costume (cont.) Early 19th century, peasants used to wear ribbons
Homespun skirts used to reach ankles
Piper's and male dancers wore kilts
Female dancers wore hooded cloaks on a white dress and sash
Who Wore What? Men (Rich)
Long sleeve tunics: pulled over their heads
Sleeveless cochal: worn over the tunic and fitted over the shoulder
Farmers and Others
Trews: tight fitting up to the knees
Jacket: wore on top of trews
Type, pattern, and color of cloak worn separates farmer from nobleman
Cloaks and mantle
Up to the ankles
Soft shoes (helped dancers a lot) Costume Patterns Solo Dancers (women)
Short, stiffly billowed skirts
Organza, silk and wool
Sequins, spangles and lace
Not as flamboyant as women's
Kilts with plain jackets and a cloak folded over one shoulder
Cloak secured with brooch
Irish dance schools each have their own distinct costumes complete with their school emblem or insignia