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The Temperance Movement
Transcript of The Temperance Movement
The Catholic temperance movement started when the Teetotal Abstinence Society was established in 1838 by Theobald Mathew.
Women's Christian Temperance Union
American Temperance Union
Anti - Saloon League This cartoon shows the reason in which the Temperance Movement started. They include many side effects of drinking and explain exactly why many people were against it. Young Men Wanted... The Origins of the Temperance Movement It originated in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Many people in the movement wanted to completely ban all alcoholic drinks. These included hard liquor, beer, and wine. They thought alcohol was the source of social problems like violence, poverty, and crime. Total abstinence from alcohol were very rarely advocated or practiced before the Temperance Movement. It started in the American Revolution. In Connecticut, Virginia, and New York State farmers formed associations to ban whiskey. The movement spread to eight states, rather than abstinence, advocating temperance. In 1826, within 12 years claiming more than 8,000 local groups and over 1,500,000 members, the American Temperance Society was formed. Many different temperance movements started around the 1830s, when they saw a particular growth starting in places including New Zealand and Australia. The Temperance Movement then and Throughout American History The Women in the Movement:Beginning Because the women had no rights at this time, they had to depend mostly on their husbands. With alcohol abuse, the women realized that they could no longer depend on the to provide for their families. So they decided to take a stand and spread the word that alcohol abuse is very effective on their families. Women were the very first leaders of the Temperance Movement. This is an example of a protest. Different Movements Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temperance_movement
http://www.fasttrackteaching.com/burns/Unit_5_Progressive/U5_Temperance_Movement.html Temperance Movement The Temperance Movement is a movement the urges reduced or prohibited use of alcoholic beverages. These criticize excessive alcohol use and promote complete abstinence. Temperance, by definition, actually means abstinence from alcoholic drink. Today The temperance movement still exists in many parts of the world. However, here in the U.S it is not such a political movement. In the U.S many people still encourage temperance for drugs, smoking, alcohol, etc. Even though the Temperance Movement is not strong on alcohol but temperance is strong on smoking, drugs, etc. There are still many people that encourage the prohibition of alcohol. Most of it though focuses on drunk driving and not just drinking. On television you will see the commercials about people getting pulled over because of driving drunk. This is like present day temperance, but with drunk driving and not just drinking. You can also see the commercials about smoking. They show you people who have been smoking their whole life and they are now living miserable lives. That is an example of temperance for smoking. There are many organizations that promote teens or other age groups to not drink and drive. One is S.A.D.D.: Students Against Drunk Driving, or better known as Students Against Destructive Decisions. It is a peer, nonprofit organization where students try to encourage other people to not drive drunk. They have recently changed their logo because they are now working on other things besides drunk driving such as smoking,tobacco, drugs, etc. This is the Students Against Drunk Driving logo. Another organization is M.A.D.D.: Mothers Against Drunk Driving. They are also a peer organization that promotes not driving drunk. They were created in then1980s so they are a little old. But they are still here today. They are basically the same thing as S.A.D.D. The downfall of the Temperance movement was in the 1930s. The main reason it fell was because prohibition of alcohol was repealed. The legislative tide largely moved away from prohibition when it was repealed and the gradual relaxation of licensing laws throughout the mid and late twentieth century. However, temperance did continue in foreign countries. Prohibition Prohibition is the legal act of banning the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcohol or alcoholic beverages. It was a big part of the Temperance Movement. It did not make drinking illegal; it just made the sale and manufacture of alcohol and alcoholic beverages illegal. It tried to make any alcohol business stop and not sell alcohol. The reason is simple. Too many Americans were drinking too much alcohol. Almost everyone was drinking it and many were drinking it to excess. By 1830, the average American over 15 years of age consumed nearly seven gallons of pure alcohol a year. That is three times as much of what we drink today! So they had a reason for putting this law on alcohol. They didn’t just put it on alcohol for no good reason. And the reason was a very good reason. They did not want their people to become people who are drunk all the time. This picture explains itself. It is men dumping a big barrel of alcohol into the sewage drain. It is during the time when prohibition was across the nation and alcohol was banned. You can see in the background the police officer who is making sure that the alcohol is really going down. Prohibition’s strength grew especially with the organizations that came about. One of those organizations was the Anti-Saloon League. They came about in 1893. They were an organization who promoted prohibition throughout the United States. They came to be the most powerful prohibition lobby in America. Another group was the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. It was the first mass organization among women devoted to social reform with a program that “linked the religious and the secular through concerted and far-reaching reform strategies based on applied Christianity”. This is the logo of the woman’s Christian Temperance Union. Of course there was a decline on prohibition and the Temperance movement. The repeal was on Dec. 5, 1933. The United States realized that they made a big mistake. It was said that President Roosevelt said that if he became president, he would repeal prohibition. Many people said that crime was coming about. People tried to dodge the law and sell alcohol. That is why they repealed the prohibition of alcohol in the United States. http://images.google.com/search?hl=en&site=&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1280&bih=623&q=Prohibition&oq=Prohibition&gs_l=img.3..0l10.1843.4270.0.4722.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3188.8.131.52...0.0...1ac.1.6.img.B3wvQD5-56c http://images.google.com/search?hl=en&site=&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1280&bih=623&q=Prohibition&oq=Prohibition&gs_l=img.3..0l10.1843.4270.0.47184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.318.104.22.168...0.0...1ac.1.6.img.B3wvQD5-56c#hl=en&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=S.A.D.D.+LOGO&oq=S.A.D.D.+LOGO&gs_l=img.3...149629.155547.0.15622.214.171.124.0.0.0.121.904.11j2.13.0...0.0...1c.1.6.img.gG0JyvmbmJE&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.43828540,d.aWc&fp=a39f77dfadb30e11&biw=1280&bih=623 http://images.google.com/search?hl=en&site=&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1280&bih=623&q=Prohibition&oq=Prohibition&gs_l=img.3..0l10.1843.4270.0.47126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.3184.108.40.206...0.0...1ac.1.6.img.B3wvQD5-56c#hl=en&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=M.A.D.D.&oq=M.A.D.D.&gs_l=img.3..0i10i24j0i24j0i10i24j0i24l3j0i10i24l2j0i24j0i10i24.80572.84069.2.842220.127.116.11.0.0.0.68.318.104.22.168...0.0...1c.1.6.img.Ma4Po52tpgk&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.43828540,d.aWc&fp=a39f77dfadb30e11&biw=1280&bih=623 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prohibition The Middle Phase: 1840-1860 The middle phase was a time when the middle- class was trying to get rid of alcohol. This middle-class included different artisans and women. These women promoted groups for help to largely working-class drunkyards who wanted the help they were offered. This image describes the temperance movement and how the women wanted nothing to do with the alcohol, so they had it taken away. The Washingtonian Society
This was a group of people, mostly women, who wanted the men around them to live without alcohol. They were sick and tired of dealing with abuse and harm from their husbands. The group name was named after President Washington. The very first Washingtonian Society group was established in Boston. The members did not drink ANY alcohol. Their goal was to attempt to reform alcoholics that wanted to be freed from the harms of alcohol. The drunkyards were to take teetotalism (a word derived from total+total= abstinence). By 1841, Washington Society's were found in Baltimore, Boston, New York, and other Northern cities. Washingtonians wanted respect from the middle-class temperance reformers. The members elected mainstream temperance movement. Wage earners and reformed drunkyards remained in their own society. The temperance reform in this period represented a "symbolic crusade." Maine law interpreted as a way fro middle-class reformers to control and reform the laboring poor. Many local laws were passed attempting to limit the consumption levels of alcohol. Throughout time, statutes were repealed, liberalized, and unenforced. Temperance Documentary This documentary was made by delizon5. Interview with PT Barnum
Interviewer: Hello listeners. I am here today with the ever so great PT Barnum, an American showman who is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that would eventually become the Ringling Bros. and Barnum& Bailey Circus. I have just a few basic questions to ask our guest today. One, give us a little information of your background. How was life growing up?
Barnum: Pleasure to be her today. I, Phineas Taylor Barnum was born in Bethel, Connecticut July 5, 1810. My father, Philo Barnum, was an Inn-keeper, a tailor, and a store-keeper. My mother, Irene Taylor, was the wife of 10 kids. I was very addept at arithmetic, but i never like physical work. I married Charity Hallett when i was 19.
I: And you guys were together for the next 5o years of your life; so sweet. Now tell me a bit of your careers starting out.
B: As a young husband, I was very busy with several businesses. Some of them included having a general store, a book auctioning trade, real estate speculation, and a state-wide lottery network. I was quite active in local politics. In 1829, I started up my own weekly paper, The Herald of Freedom.
I: Now I understand shortly after this, lotteries were banned i Connecticut. How did this impact your life in Connecticut?
B: Because of the new ruling, I was forced to move to New York City. My main source of income was now cut off and I needed a new way to make some money. It was in the city where I began my career as a showman with my slave woman, Joice Heth.
I: By this time, what did you know about the Temperance movement?
B: I did not know much about the temperance movement. Only, what I heard about in the papers. My life soon was involved in the movement after hearing a temperance lecture and seeing people sign the 'teetotal pledge' (which was abstaining completely from alcohol).
I: And what did you do for your part?
B: After hearing about the horrible abuse and horror alcoholism brought to women and children, i decided to take action. I became a lecturer myself, mostly to get out of debt. Being that I was a performer at heart, I did quite well at giving lectures and putting on shows. I woned a museum where i only served ice water. There, i would put on plays about temperance. I was also invoolved in politics and left my feloow democrats for not believing in The movement. I eventually switched to the Republican party and followed Abraham Lincoln.
I: It seems you had a very strong impact on the movement. Did you have any major role models in your life?
B: My maternal grandfather, Phineas Taylor, was a famous wag, landowner, justice of peace, and lottery schemer. He had a very great influence on my and my life.
I: So, you seemed to follow in your family's footsteps in some of your early on jobs. When did you die, and what did you leave the rest of the world with your death?
B: I died in my sleep on April 7th, 1891. I was buried in Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, Connecticut, which I happened to design myself. A statue was placed in my honor in 1893. My circus was sold to the Ringling Brothers in 1907 for $400,000. I believe I lived a strong and very powerful life. My influence on others involving the Temperance movement was very powerful back then, just as it is now, in the present time.
I: I thank you for your time. http://www.thecarolinascoop.com/ptbarnum.html