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Occupational Therapy

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allyson england

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy
Primary Care Physicians
Speech Therapists
Physical Therapists
How Occupational Therapy Fits In
What Does It Take To Become An Occupational Therapist
So in conclusion if you are a compassionate person with a goal in life to help individuals and families overcome obstacles and to be creative in doing so then becoming an Occupational Therapist may be a choice you look in to. But be aware that your role is often more supervisory then hands on and that it may feel monotonous at times.
What is Occupational Therapy?
"occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations)." (aota)
Models of Practice
Practice of Framework
"Pathway of seeing the human being"
Frames of Reference
"Concrete guidelines"
Articulates OT's promotion of health and participation through occupational engagement with a defined set of interrelated constructs.
Details language and concepts that refine the OT's unique approach to client transaction.
Divided into two major sections: domain & process.
"Theoretical basis"
Where Can You Find An OT?
Therapy Centers/Rehab Centers
Nursing Care Facilities
Home Health Care Facilities
What Professions Work Side-By-Side OTs?
Who Occasionally Interacts With OTs?
Athletic Trainers
Recreational Therapists
Respiratory Therapists
A Master's in Occupational Therapy (MSOT) degree is required. On average this takes 2yrs to complete and requires in class work as well as fieldwork
At SVSU, after 4yrs of general education and pre-OT courses you may apply to the MSOT program
Licensing & Certification
All states require licensed therapists
Certification is voluntary and in order to do so you must pass the NBCOT exam
Job Outlook
National Growth
33% growth from 2010-2020
National median salary: $72,320
2014 Michigan Growth
20% growth with projected job openings of 120
Average salary: $57,138
Day In The Life of An Occupational Therapist
May see 6-8 patients a day and each patient is treated individually based on their own personal goals and needs. Patients can be treated in clinics or receive at-home care.
In between seeing patients a therapist will have administrative duties involving making phone calls, charting, and participating in staff/business meetings
Characteristics of Clients Include:
Increase range of motion
Strengthen muscles
Improve dexterity
Focus on both gross and fine motor skills
"Occupational therapy practitioners focus the client transaction process toward the end-goal of supporting health and participation in life through engagement in occupation" (American Journal of Occupational Therapy, AOTA, 2008)
Occupational Profile
Analysis of Occupational Performance
From newborns to the elderly
Mental disabilities
Physical disabilities
Behavioral & emotional conditions
Burn victims
Substance abusers
Eating disorders
Pain management
Adaptation & Modification
Assistive devices
Introduce technological aids
Adjust home environment
Encourage positive thinking
Construct splints and other aids
Provide practitioners with a foundation from which decisions relative to client assessment and interventions may be derived
Conceptual models are developed to provide a rationale and methods for therapy practice
Derived from the conceptual models of practice and serve as guidelines for OT assessment and intervention
Link theory to practice and provide concrete definitions for the application of OT in a particular aspect of the profession's domain of concern
History of Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy became more closely aligned and identified with organized medicine, which led to the beginning of a more scientific approach (Wendel)
Often referred to as the "rehabilitation movement," and occupational therapists were called to organize and run rehabilitation programs for injured veterans. In addition, other medical advances were extending to treating other conditions including those with spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury and cerebral palsy. (Wendel)
The entire medical profession moved towards specialization, and occupational therapy followed suit. Services for individuals with developmental disabilities and pediatric disorders expanded greatly during this time (Wendel)
Occupational therapy became more involved in education, prevention, screening programs and health maintenance efforts. "Quality of life" was becoming increasingly accepted as a goal of occupational therapy intervention (Wendel)
First practitioners in OT profession, called reconstructive aides, worked during World War I to rehabilitate disabled soldiers and civilian patients. They addressed the need of these soldiers for care beyond wound repair.They helped them recapture purpose in their lives by giving them something useful to do (Wendel)
Occupational therapy expanded beyond serving people with physical impairments to include those with mental illness (Wendel)
In May 2002, the American Occupational Therapy Association adopted a revised framework of practice for the profession. This was done to provide occupational therapists with richer language and constructs to more accurately and fully explain what they do that is unique from other health disciplines. The new practice framework, Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process, returns to the roots of participation in occupation as the focus of the profession. The field of occupational therapy is an ever-evolving and dynamic profession (Wendel)
Health Careers (2009). In Occupational Therapist (2012, June 26). Department of

Regulation and Licensing . Retrieved September 18, 2013.

Kielhofner, G. (2009). Conceptual foundations of occupational therapy practice. (ed., Vol.

4). Philadelphia, PA:F A Davis Co.
Occupational Therapist (2012, June 26). In United States Department of Labor. Retrieved September 18, 2013
Orfanos, A. (n.d.). A Day in the Life of an Occupational Therapist. The Quick Guide to Understanding OT. In Therapy Careers. Retrieved September 18, 2013

pros and cons http://www.mockquestions.com/position/Occupational+Therapist/prosandcons/
Full transcript