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The Picture of Dorian Gray : Freudian (Psychological)

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Heidi Lopez

on 26 October 2015

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Transcript of The Picture of Dorian Gray : Freudian (Psychological)

HENRY
PAINTING
The painting symbolizes a mirror of self-revelation. It becomes the horrible nature and “left-over” trash of Dorian’s poisoned personality.
The painting itself is the only truth that’s left and the only real piece of evidence involving who Dorian Gray really is. It first contains a pure essence to it but starts changing when the outside world affects the very nature of its material.
Throughout the novel the face in the portrait starts turning a bit more gruesome and horrid while the actual subject itself, i.e. Dorian Gray, lives his rebellious life with no problems.
The desires of immortality discussed in the beginning of the novel are being exercise by the very existence of the painting. The actual individual does not age but rather the painting.
DORIAN
Id
primitive, biological component of personality
operates the unconscious mind
operates according to pleasure principle: all needs must be met immediately
not affected by reality, logic, or the everyday world
BASIL
Basil acts as the superego, who is ultimately trying to restrain Dorian from wickedness in order to keep him innocent and pure.
What is Freudian/ Psychoanalytical Theory?
Superego
GARDEN
Dorian represents the battleground between the id and the superego. While Lord Henry constantly influences Dorian to commit acts of decadence, Basil attempts to pull Dorian from the path of immorality. Dorian goes through an emotional battle between the id and the ego. For example, after the announcement of Sibly's death Dorian experiences guilt and is conflcited over his responsibility for Sibly's death. However, according to Lord Henry's philosophy Sibly's death should be considered an artistic achievement that Dorian should be proud of. As a result, Dorian ultimately loses to the super ego both emotionally and morally. The death of Sibly indicates the start of Dorian's downward spiral os sin and immorality that eventually kills him.
The Picture of Dorian Gray : Freudian (Psychological)

Ayla Adams, Deja Echols, Heidi Lopez, Sarah Allen, and Tracy Lin
B1
Critical Theory Project

Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical theory argues that human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the id, ego, and superego

incorporates value and morals of society which are learned from one's parents or others
control the id's impulses, especially those which society forbids, such as sex and aggression
moralistic goals more important than simply realistic ones (strives for perfection)
Ego
decision making component of personality
works by reason, whereas the id is chaotic and totally unreasonable
operates according to the reality principal
working out realistic ways of satisfying the id's demand, often compromising satisfaction to avoid negative consequences of society
the ego seeks pleasure and avoids pain
also concern with devising a realistic strategy to obtain pleasure
has no concept of right or wrong
HOW DOES THE WORK REFLECT THE AUTHOR'S PERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY?
WHAT DO THE CHARACTERS' EMOTION AND BEHAVIOR REVEAL ABOUT THEIR PSYCHOLOGICAL STATES? ALSO WHAT TYPE OF PERSONALITY ARE THEY?
ARE PSYCHOLOGICAL MATTERS SUCH AS REPRESSION, DREAMS, AND DESIRES PRESENTED CONSCIOUSLY OR UNCONSCIOUSLY BY THE AUTHOR?
Lord Henry symbolizes the Id. His actions portray an interest in primal instincts, like beauty and death. His influences are what ultimately drive Dorian (the Ego) over the edge into moral bankruptcy. Wilde mentions that Henry is a projection of how the world sees him, which was, at the time, a villainous seducer. Henry's psychological state is marred by a lack of empathy or regret, yet his actions do not effect him in the same ways Dorian's do.
The Garden is the beginning of Dorian’s vanity being heavy influenced by Lord Henry. Lord Henry opened parts of the mind that were hidden to Dorian which in Freudian’s theory is the unconscious. The unconscious is manifested as a powerful motive force in overt behavior which is then revealed. Lord Henry influences Dorian to become selfish with his youth while he still has it, that youth and beauty are the highest of treasures and should be cherished and guarded because it will soon fade.
The yellow book represents the poisonous influence of Lord Henry. The books character, Des Esseintes, reflects Dorian's life and secret wants and needs.
The Yellow Book
The yellow book represents the poisonous influence of Lord Henry. The books character, Des Esseintes, reflects Dorian's life and secret wants and needs.
Des Essiente spent his life "trying to realize . . . all the passions and modes of thought that belonged to every century except his own" , living a life full of crime and loss of all morality. The main notion behind his hedonistic lifestyle is that beauty has no limits.
Bibliography
The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde
http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/ego-id-sigmund-freud-mentions-multiple-processes-286785
https://sites.google.com/site/thepictureofdoriangray2/literary-theory
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