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History and Modern Pop Culture
Transcript of History and Modern Pop Culture
LGBTQ icons? Harvey Milk Joan of Arc Margaret Cho Jane Lynch Frida Kahlo Rep. Mark Takano (D- CA) This politician and activist was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors as the first openly gay official in a major US city. They authorized the city’s first anti-discrimination law that protected lesbians and gay men. They were murdered by a colleague in 1978. This Italian architect, artist, inventor, sculptor, and scientist is said to be the first “Renaissance Man.” His various endeavors set the stage for hundreds of years of inventions and perceptions about the natural world. A Korean-American comedian who has become active politically as well as acting in films and designing clothing. Mexican painter whose intense and powerful self portraits and life-long suffering made them a national icon. This English actor began in theatre but has had much success in film taking roles such as Gandalf and Magneto. They were knighted in 1990 for their work in the arts. This comedic actor has been showcased in such comedies as "40 Year Old Virgin" and "Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby", but they are most recently known for their role as a scheming cheerleading coach on the hit series "Glee". This teacher and politician from California is a member of the Democratic Party and was the first queer Person of Color elected to Congress in the historic wins of 2012. U.S. artist. Famous practitioner of Pop Art; best known for frequent use of silkscreen. Often used repeated imagery. Celebrity and familiarity figured prominently in his work. Andy Warhol U.S. journalist and poet. Tended to injured Civil War soldiers. Wrote for Harper’s Weekly from the war front. Best known for Leaves of Grass which has influenced generations of poets since. Walt Whitman U.S. writer who lived in New Orleans as an adult. Wrote The Glass Menagerie, A Streetcar Named Desire, The Rose Tattoo, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof and Sweat Bird of Youth. Tennessee Williams Leonardo Da Vinci This French resistance leader was known as Pucelle (the Maid) and was highly respected and revered by poor and working classes in France as a successful military fighter. She became a Saint in 1869. This Irish writer and critic was the object of scandal. This person’s quotes include, “All art is quite useless,” and “Life is much too important a topic ever to talk seriously about.” This person is known for the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray and the play, The Importance of Being Earnest.” Oscar Wilde This American performer used her media appeal to become a night club entertainer, actor, and singer. She also appeared on several talk shows and used her fame to speak at universities across America. Christine Jorgensen This poet’s work, published frequently in the 1960’s, was crucial to the civil rights, feminist, and anti-war movement. Their diaries, written while struggling with cancer, are also popular. Audre Lorde British musician, singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen. They are remembered for their flamboyant stage performances and outrageous outfits. Freddie Mercury Born to the comedy and music duo Sonny & Cher, they are a political activist and freelance writer for “The Advocate.” Chaz Bono This actor is well known for their role on the TV series Heroes and for their role in the 2009 adaptation of Star Trek. Zachary Quinto Eccentric pop singer who is best known for their outrageous wardrobe and theatrical performance. Lady Gaga This actor is most renowned for their role as “Doogie Howser, M.D.” and their work on TV’s “How I Met Your Mother.” Neil Patrick Harris The Puerto Rican pop singer who’s English hit “Livin’ La Vida Loca” hit number 1 on the Billboard charts. Ricky Martin This talk show host and journalist is well known for their MSNBC hit show that features the most recent information on politics and news stories. Rachel Maddow Sir Ian McKellen This actor is well known for their work in film and on TV, appearing as a lead in "Across the Universe". Evan Rachel Wood Originally known for their role as Rogue from the X-Men movies, this person is now better known as the star of the HBO series, “True Blood”. Anna Paquin This English comedian is known for their whimsical rambling and fun outfits. Eddie Izzard This Democratic politician from California was the first woman elected to Senate who is openly a lesbian woman in the historic wins of 2012. Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) This politician is the U.S. Representative from Arizona's 9th congressional district and is the first person to serve while openly identifying as bisexual. She was elected during the historic wins of 2012.” Rep. Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ) Perception of
LGBTQ Community Socially acceptable Negative perceptions emerge and dominate Reclaiming acceptance LGBTQ status socially acceptable across cultures and significant periods of time
"romantic friendships" were a virtuous intimate same-sex relationship between women
references to same-sex relationships among literary, religious, cultural, and historical figures are common, unconcerning, and untitled (LGBTQ is a modern term) Biblical and other religious condemnations arise
1790's: emerging field of psychology demonizes "homosexuality" by linking it to criminality, degeneration, and psychopathic behaviors
"non-productive sexuality" was stigmatized in ruralized, developing United States
1952: "homosexuality" is listed as a mental illness in The American Psychiatric Association's (APA's) "Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders" 1924: First gay rights organization "The Society for Human Rights" founded in Chicago
early 1900's: Psychologist Sigmund Freud expresses that homosexuality is the "inversion" of a "normal" heterosexual experience; he also states that "homosexuality... cannot be classified as an illness" and did not believe in the practice of conversion therapy
1948: Psychologist Alfred Kinsey publishes "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" exploring the natural prevalence of a continuum of sexual orientations, including asexuality
1969: Stonewall Riots in New York City sparks the creation of thousands of LGBTQ groups across the US
1973: "homosexuality" is removed from the list of mental disorders in The APA's "Diagnostic Manual" 2013: "transgenderism" is listed as "gender dysphoria" in the APA's "Diagnostic Manual" instead of as a "gender identity disorder" 2013: Minnesota becomes the twelfth state (in addition to D.C.) to grant same-sex marriage Our work isn't done