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Athens & Sparta

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by

Anna Smith

on 1 July 2014

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Transcript of Athens & Sparta

Introduction
This presentation is about the differences between Athens and Sparta. It will tell you what they did daily and what they do or what they have done.
Sparta
The Day to Day life in Sparta and Athens
Athens
Clothing in Athens
and Sparta
Bibliography
In Athens, society was male-dominated. Men could be citizens and only upper-class males enjoyed a formal education. Women had political rights and were expected to remain in the home and look after children. one quarter of the population was made up of slaves. These slaves worked in shipyards, quarries, mines, and as servants. Most homes were windowless and wrapped around a courtyard. Furniture was very rare, mainly because people spent the majority of their time outdoors enjoying the mild Mediterranean climate. The Greek diet was based largely on wine and bread. A typical day would start with bread dipped in wine, the same for lunch and a dinner of wine, fruits, vegetables and fish. Consumption of meat was reserved for special occasions such as religious holidays.
http://www.nuuanu.k12.hi.us/G-1/public_html/websites/ytalor/pages/art.html
http://www.ghsd-curriculum.com/inquiry/projects/greece/research_text/everyday_life.html
http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/staff/resources/background/bg1/home.html
http://elysiumgates.com/~helena/Women.html
http://www.ehow.com/info_8594081_ancient-spartan-clothes.html
http://www.ancientmilitary.com/spartan-military.htm
http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/athenssparta.htm

The family life in Athens was very different depending if you were a male or a female.
Spartan being a military state made it one of the strongest city states. The Spartan life for men was mainly about war, the training of males was divided into age groups, boys the age of 7 to 17 got taught how to read, write, sing and dance, they also got physical education. Boys the age of 18 to 19 trained for the army and in survival techniques. Young men age 20 to 29 underwent extreme military training and could marry. Men the age of 30+ were full citizens.

A women’s Spartan life was different to the men’s, they had healthy and active lives, so it would improve their strength to have healthy babies. Sparta also had slaves but they belonged to the city instead of individual families. Their physical education would mainly be gymnastics, choral song and dance.

The Spartans led sporty and healthy lives.
War in Athens and Sparta
Athens
Sparta
Armor
Both men and women dressed in a similar way. They wore what is called a chiton, which is another name for a tunic. Chitons were made of linen, and wrapped around the body. They were then tide around the waist with a belt. Most people would dye their chitons different colours as a form of self-expression.
The clothing worn during the winter was nearly the same as the summer, but with an extra layer. Instead of wearing only a chiton, a cloak made of wool was added as an external layer and wrapped around the body similiar to the way a chiton was. These would provide warmth and help keep them comfortable throughout the colder months of the year.Their footwear were sandals made out of leather.

Athens and Sparta
Sparta produced what is probably the most iconic military in ancient history. The ancient Spartan warriors are known for their bravery, professionalism and skill, a reputation well deserved
Spartan Warriors: Birth and Training
The selection of Spartan warriors started before their birth. The Spartans encouraged athletic completion and the victors where held in high esteem. They married the strongest boys with the strongest girls and the fastest boys with the fastest girls in order to bread the best warriors. The Spartan elders would inspect new born infants and any found to be imperfect, judged to be deformed, were thrown from a cliff.
The training of Spartan warriors started when they were boys. They were sent to a military boarding school at age seven where they formed a class with other boys their age. Their education emphasized physical, mental and spiritual toughness and could be quite brutal.

Athenian life was a creative wonderland. As an Athenian, you could get a good education and could pursue any of several kinds of arts or sciences. You could serve in the army or navy, but you didn't have to. (This applied only to boys, however: Girls were restricted to other pursuits, not war or business or education.) in other words Athens wasn’t all about war
A hoplite typically had a bronze, muscled breastplate, a helmet with cheek plates, as well as greaves and other shin armor. They carried a bowl-shaped wood and bronze shield called an aspis or hoplon, and when worn a dispus. It was very heavy and protected the warrior from chin to knee. In Spartan military culture, throwing away a soldiers hoplon during a retreat like other routed hoplites was not acceptable. "Come home with this shield or upon it" was a there motto. Meanings, if you can’t come home victorious, then come home dead. Most Greek hoplites had family symbols on their shield, as the expensive equipment was often inherited from ones parents. In contrast, the Spartans (starting in 420 BC) had the same uniform instead of customized armor and the Greek letter lambda on their shield, referring to their homeland Lacedaemonia. They also wore a scarlet cape to represent them as Spartans, though the cape was never worn in combat.
Hoplite
Graeves
Helmet
Breastplate
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