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Transcript of Winston Churchill
His mother was American and his father was apart of parliament. They met in August 1873 and married 3 days later. Churchill was born seven and half months later. His mother being only 20 and his father 25
They also had another son, John. Early Life Cont. He became a member of parliament in the Conservative party for Oldham, a town in Manchester
He became a supporter of the social reform
Unconvinced that the Conservative party was committed to social justice, he switched to the Liberal party (1904)
Elected a member of parliament in1908 and was appointed to the Prime Minister's cabinet as president of the Board of Trade Political Activity World War Two Early Life Winston Churchill was born November 30, 1874 in Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire England
The palace was owned by his grandfather the 7th duke of Marlborough
He was born two months premature (1908) Introduced several reforms for the prison system, introduced the first minimum wage, and helped set up labor exchanges for the unemployed and unemployment insurance
Assisted in the passing of the People's Budget, which introduced new taxes on the wealthy to pay for new social welfare program. The budget wasn't passed until 1910
Drafted a controversial piece of legislation to amend the Mental Deficiency Act of 1913 mandating sterilization of the feeble minded Later Years and Death He did poorly in the first two schools he was enrolled in
Once he got to the third school he joined the Harrow Rifle Corps which put him on a path to a military career
While away at school he wrote his mother letters asking her to come visit him but she seldom did.
After he left Harrow he applied to attend Royal Military College. He tried 3 times before finally passing the entrance exam. Political Activity Cont. Schooling/Education He was a politician, writer, painter, and even a bricklayer
He is known for how quickly he understands any complex situation and then decides what is needed to be done to fix it.
Also known for how he stuck to his principles and wasn't swayed by the lure of personal or political gain. His earliest exposure to education occurred in Dublin, Ireland where he spent most of his childhood. He had a governess come in and try to teach him reading, writing, and arithmetic.
He was educated at 3 different schools: St George's school, Brunswick, and Harrow school Winston Spencer Churchill While serving as First Lord of Admiralty since 1911, he helped modernize the British Navy, ordering that the new warships are built with oil-fired engines instead of coal-fired engines
He was one of the first to promote military air craft and set up the Royal Navy Air Service
In 1917 he was appointed Minister of the Munitions for the final year of the war, overseeing the production of tanks, air planes and munitions Actions Jennie Jerome Randolph Churchill Harrow School Royal Military College Military He joined the Fourth Hussars in 1895, served in the Indian North West Frontier and the Sudan; where he saw action in the Battle of Omdurman in 1998
While in the army he wrote military reports for newspapers
He wrote 2 books based off of his experience; The Story Of Malakand and The River War (1899) In 1899, he left the army and worked as a war corespondent for the Morning Post (conservative daily newspaper) As president he joined Chancellor Lloyd George in opposing the expansion of the British Navy. Family He married Clementine Hozier Churchill and they had five kids, Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold and Mary.
His daughter Marigold died, they thought she had just had a cold, but it turned into septicemia. (meaning that she had the presence of pathogenic organisms in her bloodstream) She was only 3. Winston and Clementine Churchill On September 3, 1939, the day that Britain declared war on Germany, Churchill was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the War Cabinet, and by April, 1940, he became chairman of the Military Coordinating Committee
On May 10, King George VI appointed him as prime minister and Minister of Defense
He kept resistance to the Nazi dominance alive and created a foundation for an alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union
He worked closely with President Roosevelt and Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin to forge an allied war strategy and post-war world
They devised a strategy against the Axis Powers and helped craft the post-war world with the united nations as its centerpiece He showed signs of fragile health in 1941 and suffered from a mild heart attack in 1943
He suffered from a series of strokes in June 1953
He retired from his position of prime minister in 1955 and he remained a member of parliament until the general election in 1964
On January 15 1965 he suffered a severe stroke that left him gravely ill. He died nine days later on January 24 1965 at the age of 90. Summary After years of being in politics he was able to lead the English people confidently. His well spoken speeches and his quick actions helped encourage the English people during the darkest days of World War II.