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The three monotheistic religions
Transcript of The three monotheistic religions
Islam was founded by Muhammad in 622 A.D. Sources Picture Sources http://www.nationsonline.org/maps/middle_east-map_1200px.jpg Muhammad started preaching Islam in Mecca but, it was more widely accepted in Medina. Monotheism: the doctrine or believe that there is only one God. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-xgQfFpXjc0M/TuqtuU5RcHI/AAAAAAAAC_A/QAW9tV-YRyI/s1600/gua_hira2.jpg Jabal An-Nur: It is believed that in a cave near Mecca Muhammad received the first revelation from Allah. Sites Holy http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ATBQn8d6mUw/TZG-2srTe2I/AAAAAAAACHY/6TZojUBI85U/s1600/khilafa+circumambulation+of+kaaba.jpg Kaaba: Considered the holiest shrine in Islam. Muslims believe that Abraham and Ishmael built Kaaba, the first house of worship for God. It is required by in the five pillars that during the migration, one must walk around Kaaba seven times counterclockwise. The Five pillars of Islam Shahadah
Means act of bearing witness
Consists of two statements "I bear witness that there is no God but Allah," and, "I will bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah." Prayer
Muslims are required to pray 5 times a day. Once at dawn, at midday, in mid afternoon, just after sunset, and at night.
Before praying Muslims must wash their hands, face, parts of their arms, head, and feet in a ritual matter.
when praying Muslims face Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Almsgiving
Term of almsgiving is zakat in Arabic which means purification.
Required way of assisting the poor.
Muslims "purify" their wealth by giving a percentage to the poor and recognizing that all things belong to God.
Zakat is payed once a year. Fasting
Each Muslim must fast in the month of Ramadan (9nth month of Islamic Calendar)
Muslims believe that the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to Muhammad during Ramadan. Pilgrimage
The Qur'an commands Muslims to make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their life time. Origin Believes Muslims believe that God is the Lord of the universe and people owe worship and obedience to God before any other thing.
Muslims believe that all people can lead themselves to salvation once God has shown them the way.
Muslims believe that Muhammad was the last prophet after Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus that finalized the teachings brought by previous prophets. Sunnis and Shiites Both Sunnis and Shiites agree on the fundamentals of Islam and share the holy book the Qur'an. Sunnis believe that Abu BAkr should have been the successor of Muhammad after his death because he lead the congressional prayers at his deathbed.
Shiites believe that Ali, Muhammad's son in law, should have been the successor of Muhammad after his death because Muhammad had proclaimed that Ali was the spiritual guide and master of all believers. Also Muhammad took Ali's hand and said that anyone who followed Muhammad should follow Ali. Holy Book: The Qur'an (Revealed to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel.)
Place of Worship: Mosque (Provide a place where religious discussions can take place and where education and charitable works can be organized.)
Number of Followers: 1 Billion (Second largest monotheistic religion.)
Area with Highest concentration: More than half of the world's muslim population lives on south or south east Asia. Country with the highest population of Muslims is Indonesia. Basic Info. Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ in the first century A.D. http://bibleatlas.org/region/bethlehem.jpg Christianity started in Bethlehem Holy Sites Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Where Jesus was crucified, buried, and three days later ascended from the dead. http://www.jerusalemshots.com/b/holly_sepulcher/Church-of-the-Holy-Sepulchre23.jpg Believes
Christians believe that God is the one and only God Lord of the universe.
Christians believe in the Holy Trinity which is God in three different persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God and the messiah.
Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead and because of that our sins are forgiven. Christianity in the Middle East Christian groups in the Middle east are: Copts, Maronites, Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Armenian Catholics, Assyrians, and Protestants.
The Coptic Church is the dominant form of Christianity in Egypt and it has received some violence from extremist Muslims.
The Maronite church is one of the most powerful political communities in Lebanon.
10% of Syria's population is made up of of different Christian sects
In Jordan, 6%
and in Iraq, 3% Basic Info. Holy Book: The Bible (made up of the New Testament and the Old Testament which is the Hebrew Bible.)
Place of Worship: Church (place were people come togehter and worship God.)
Number of Folowers: Over 2 Billion (Largest monotheistic religion)
Area with Highest Concentration: Christianity is found everywhere on the globe but it is most dense in the Americas. Judaism can be traced back to about 2,000 B.C. and Abraham is considered to be the founder. http://www.sitesatlas.com/Maps/Maps/MEast-pol.gif Abraham originally lived in Mesopotania (present day Iraq) then according to the Torah, God told him to move to Canaan (Palestine) and promised that if he obeyed his offspring would become a great nation in this new land. Long time after that, famine caused the isralites to move to Egypt where they were eventually enslaved. After more than 400 years the Jews were freed from the Egyptians by Mosses in about 1200's B.C. God then directed them back to Canaan. Place of Origin Wailing Wall Dome of the Rock Was once part of the Second Temple of Jerusalem that was ordered to be built by David and is considered to be sacred by jews. Jews believe that Abraham is said to have prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock according to tradition. http://media3.school-preview.eb.com//eb-media/72/8472-004-0B12EA97.jpg http://www.atpm.com/7.09/israel/images/western-wailing-wall.jpg Believes Jews Believe that there is only one God who wants people to do what is just and merciful.
Jews believe that a Messiah will come unite the jewish people and lead them to God's way.
Jews do not recognize Jesus Christ as the Messiah.
Jews believe that they have a covenant with God. Jews in the Middle East are mostly found in Israel because they believe that God gave them that land. Basic Info.
Holy Book: Torah(The Law) and the Talmud(commentary on the Torah)
Place of Worship: Synagogues
Number of Followers: 13 Million
Highest concentration: USA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1d/Islam_symbol_plane2.svg/500px-Islam_symbol_plane2.svg.png http://i-cias.com/e.o/slides/muhammad04.jpg http://paradiseintheworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Mecca.jpg http://avoiceintothevoid.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/quran.jpg http://jesuschristsavior.net/Saviour.jpeg Vatican City
Where the Pope, the head of the Catholic church, lives and all decisions are made for the religion. http://picture4u.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/vatican-city.jpg http://images.buycostumes.com/mgen/merchandiser/24921.jpg Holy Sites World Book Encyclopedia 2011 http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/ http://school-preview.eb.com/levels/high http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/157377?terms=jerusalem http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/themes/religion/index.html By: Laura Malcotti http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-yOIvMP_vFb8/TZVvJfdYE-I/AAAAAAAACwA/uxq4594Omeg/s1600/Prophet+Muhammad+Logo1.jpg