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Victorian Era

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Maki Tieu

on 21 August 2014

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Transcript of Victorian Era

Victorian Period

1850-1900

By: Adam Alavardo, Amanda Tieu,
Christina Lam, and Suzanne Tumbos

period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until 22 January 1901
the transition between the agricultural era and the industrial era
creating some of the more renowned literariness
increased poverty within urban areas


Overview

intelligent since a young age
death of her brother Edward became a traumatic experience
letters between her and Robert Browning
marriage of Elizabeth and Robert



Biography

(March 6, 1806 - June 29, 1861)

Social injustice
Subjection of women to the dominant male
Written after the death of her mother
Notable Works

Sonnet of Portuguese (#43) (1850)
“How do I love thee? Let me count the ways…”
Written during courtship with Robert Browning in secret
To show her intense love for him without expecting gain
Aurora Leigh (1856)
Elusive style
religious imagery
loose diction
unconventional rhythm


Style

slavery
child labor
oppression
feminism


Themes

Love for Robert Browning
Death of Family
History and literature
Paine, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Wollstonecraft influenced her concern for human rights


Influences

Angered his parents by not overseeing a West India Sugar Plantation as he saw slavery as abhorrent
Would try to write verse drama for stage in the 1830s
As works continued to grow, his influence grew in society, creating the Browning Society in 1881



Biography

(May 7 1812 – December 12 1889)
long dramatic narrative poem
based on an actual Roman murder case
Had revolutionary philosophical, psychological, and spiritual insight
Hailed as a work of genius
First major work
Notable Works
“The Ring and the Book” (1869)
A collection of fifty-one poems in two volumes
Focused primarily on dramatic monologues
Did not make any large impacts in his time, but is not very well reclaimed
Was revisited thirteen years later and had the portions of the first edition rewritten
Was renamed Transcendentalism: A Poem in Twelve Volumes
Men and Women (1855)
Elusive style
religious imagery
loose diction
unconventional rhythm
Style
Had influences with Romantic writers
Especially the works of Shelley
Was very well-read
Learned Latin, French, Greek, and Italian by the age of fourteen
Famous for his dramatic monologues and extensive and obscure allusions
Abolitionist
Atheist
Evangelistic backgrounds
Would be restricted from entering universities such as Cambridge or Oxford

Influences
Themes
Born into middle class with ancestry of wealth
At the age of twelve he wrote a 6,000-line epic poem.
Tennyson left home in 1827 to attend Trinity College, Cambridge.

Biography
(August 5, 1809 - October 6, 1892)
Distinct transition of theme from his original work due to the loss of his friend, Arthur Henry Hallam .
Reflection of revolutionary theories

Notable Works
Idylls of the King (1859)
In Memoriam (1849)
A cycle of twelve narrative poems which retell the legend of King Arthur.
The work as a whole recounts Arthur’s attempt and failure to lift up mankind for the purpose of creating what he believes is a perfect kingdom.
Idylls of the King is often read as an allegory of the societal conflicts in Britain during the mid-Victorian era.
consciousness while also giving voice to the national consciousness of Victorian society
juvenalian

Style
political and historical concern
classical mythology
deeply personal thoughts and feelings
sin
miserliness
social climbing
marriages arranged for profit instead of love
estrangements between families and friends

Themes
poetry of Byron and Scott
death of his best friend Arthur Hallam
New discoveries in biological, geology, and astronomy

Influences
Work at Warren’s Blacking Factory
February 2, 1824 arrested for debt
Imprisonment in Marshalsea Prison
Parliament Reporter
Continuation of Debt
Biography
 (February 7 1812 – June 9 1870)
Illustration of society’s obsession toward wealth
Emphasize change of government laws
Effects of industrialization
Themes: morality, hope
Notable Works
Great Expectations (1861)
Inspired through the experience in the factory and imprisonment
Semi-Autobiographical
Themes: morality, parenting, corruption of innocence, greed
Published series, two different alternate endings
A Christmas Carol (1843)
Detailed
Gothic Romance
Dialect
Poetic
Published through “series”


Style
Poverty
Hypocrisy
Social Climbing
Industrialization
Adaption
Themes
Arabian Nights, Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, Tom Jones by Henry Fielding
Childhood Poverty
Occupation
Social and political conditions in England (industrialization)


Influences
Father died when he was six
1833 attended military school and has a new step father that negatively impacted him
Never graduated due to withholding info
collected debt while pursuing writing career
comes back home in 42 from trip and collects inheritance

Biography

(April 9, 1821-August 31, 1867)
Multiple poems
Uses women as his main source of symbolism to aid in the extraction of beauty from the worsening aspects of the natural world. Note:natural world meaning modern Paris in the 19th century
opposition between two worlds “ideal” and “spleen” (one of the sections of the collection)
Spleen represents the death and alienation of the world. Essentially, everything negative.
Ideals represent the possibility of love under the harming circumstances
Notable Works
The Flowers of Evil (1857)
Parisian Landscapes
(section of The Flowers of Evil)
Directed towards the “living” Industrialized Paris
Dedication to Victor Hugo who wrote solely on the transition of Paris at the time.
Inspired future authors on his distinct original prose style presented, as well as his imagery of a changing naturalistic world to industrialized.
Very controversial
Art criticism
Sharp and colorful illustrations
Prose-poetry (original)

Style
Modern themes within structures of classical rigor and technical artistry.
sex
death
lesbianism
metamorphosis
depression
urban corruption
lost innocence

Themes

His mother
first love, Jeanne Duval
Being critical on photography as an art form
Experience (vague)
Influences
Art
Mortality
Medieval and Renaissance Setting
Persona
Evil and Violence
Poet, naturalist
Lack of Education. attended “National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church”
Criticism and Abandonment for Poetry due to Obscenity
Biography
Semi-autobiographical
Creation influenced by his wife, Emma Lavinia Gifford
Themes: identity, social status, love
Notable Works
Far from the Madding Crowd (1874)
Derived from "Elegy Written in Country Churchyard"
Emphasis on the negative effects of Industrialization upon the natural world
Themes: morality, luck vs. chance, relationships
A Pair of Blue Eyes (1873)
Usage of Quotations
Self-educated style
Colloquial Diction
Allusions
Published in series
Style
Declining rural society
Social Constrictions
Naturalism  
Sexuality
Fate
Hypocrisy


Themes
Shakespeare
Charles Dickens
Natural Environment
Local Church

Influences
Would have his first homosexual affair with Robert Ross in 1886
Tried under the Criminal Law Amendment Act
Found guilty under the act of homosexuality and forced to two years of manual labor
Died November 30, 1900, at the age of 46 after converting to Roman Catholicism


Biography
(October 16 1854 – November 30 1900)
Only fictional novel
Considered a classic of Gothic fiction and has strong Faustian themes
Displays hedonism
Criticized on the basis of immorality
Notable Works
The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890)
The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)
Comedy
Displayed the fictitious persona that individuals put on based on society
Satire of Victorian ways
Satirical
Often ridiculing societies norms
Using humor to display the fallacies of society and its hierarchy
Style
Nonconformity
Reflecting his own lifestyle and disdain for society’s norms
Sexuality
Against the homophobic culture of society
Themes
Aestheticism
American style and art
Appreciated the differing style from that of Britain

Influences
Born in Bombay,India- sent to Southsea, England to recieve a formal education
Halloways were abusive, mother flew in and sent him to Devon where he found his talent in writing
Returned to India in 1882, channeling his experiences into short stories
Urged his son John to enlist as well, only to never recover his body and grieve over his loss as he returned to London


Biography
(30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)

Poem
Addresses America’s colonization of the Philippines
Imperialist in nature
Eurocentric Racism
Notable Works
The Jungle Book (1894)
Collection of five short stories
Fables, using anamorphous animals to detail life lessons
Provides moral tone
Interpreted as the allegories of politics and society in his age
“The White Man’s Burden” (1899)
Reclaimed for his metaphors
Known for elaborate and deep allusions
Known for his rhythmic style in poetry and prose works

Style

nationalism
Displayed in a “White Man’s Burden”; believed that the U.S. has an obligation to save those of lesser countries

Themes
World War I
Imperialism
Evangelistic Background
Would later relate the atheist choices
Hinder him from going to renowned colleges such as Cambridge or Oxford

Influences
parents were Polish noble class and patriots
education: tutored by father before attending a private school and leaving to travel as a mariner
debt caused a failed attempt at suicide
joined British mariner

Biography
(December 3 1857 – August 3 1924)
Complex narration
Juxtapositions and contrasts
Idealism and heroism vs. reality


Notable Works
Heart of Darkness (1899)
adventure tale & heroism
ambivalent tone
madness & hypocrisy of imperialism
Lord Jim (1900)
antihero
complex narrative
exotic style
pessimistic
Style
nature & existence
individualism
violent side of human nature
racial prejudice


Themes
Falling into debt after a failed smuggling expedition and gambling
personal experiences during voyages with the British merchant services

Influences
CONCLUSION
Themes:
Status
Urban to Industrialized
Morality
Poverty
Naturalism
Loss of Innocence
Elizabeth Browning
Robert Browning
Alfred Lord Tennyson
Charles Dickens
Charles Baudelaire
Thomas Hardy
(June 2 1840 – January 11 1928)
Oscar Wilde
Joseph Conrad
Rudyard Kipling
Oliver Twist, The Great Expectations
Full transcript