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Fairy Tales, Folk Tales, Tall Tales, and Fables

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Carolina Grau

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Fairy Tales, Folk Tales, Tall Tales, and Fables

FOLKTALES Fables Fairy Tales Pourquoi Tales (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Fairy Tales, Folk Tales,
Tall Tales, and Fables Oral stories
Passed down from generation to generation
No identified authors
Short, quickly read
Easily identified characters
Obvious themes (Good vs. Evil)
Unimportant Setting
Happy Ending CHARACTERISTICS PURPOSE Explain nature
Understand place in universe
Transmit values and beliefs to youth
Entertain "The Wizard
and the Long
Leather Bag" What do they have in common? Short stories
narrative (story) form
Characters: Animals with human-like qualities
Teach life lessons & morals EXAMPLES:
Aesop’s Fables Aliki’s “The God and Goddesses of Olympus”
Moses (Fisher, 1995)
“Sun, Moon and Stars” (Hoffman)
Egyptian, Norse, Korean, Chinese… stories
Ovid's Metamorphoses Examples ages 4-8 ages 18+ Much like folk tales
Events/feats = so unbelievable & exaggerated
humorous
Optimistic - focus on overcoming obstacles FolkTales Ordinary people and everyday life
Uncomplicated Characters
Youngest is successful
Wishes are granted
Magic objects (rings, beans)
Animals talk
Monsters and trickery
Poor become rich
Plot moves quickly Aliki’s “The God and Goddesses of Olympus”
Moses (Fisher, 1995)
“Sun, Moon and Stars” (Hoffman)
Egyptian, Norse, Korean, Chinese… stories
Ovid's Metamorphoses Examples ages 4-8 ages 18+ Tall Tales Explain how things came to be Often humorous, offer odd explanations Coyote Rides the Sun (StJohn)
Two Bear
Cubs (San Souci) overlap with Myths
"How and "Why" Stories Includes use of magic/enchantment
Deal with universal human dilemmas
Most early tales were NOT just intended for children
Includes fantasy characters: fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, dwarfs, giants, mermaids, or gnomes, and usually magic or enchantments. "Aschenputtel" - Brothers Grimm Western Europe "Cinderella" Americas Asia Other Examples Lon Po Po (Young, 1989)
The Crane Wife (Yagawa, 1987)
Beauty and the Beast (Brett, 1989)
Blue Beard (Perrault)
The Little Tin Soldier (Anderson)
The Dragon Prince (Yep, 1997)
The Three Little Pigs (Marshall, 1989)
Rumpelstiltskin (Zelinsky, 1986) Read/told as fictional
Access to another reality
Memorable
often incorporate Repetition The Bremen Town Musicians
by the Brothers Grimm Paul Bunyan Discussion Question

What Kind of story is "The Old Wizard and the Long Leather Bag"?

Discuss with your group then write one paragraph explaining why you chose what you chose.
Full transcript