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Chapter 12: Afire With Faith 1820-1850
Transcript of Chapter 12: Afire With Faith 1820-1850
Afire With Faith 1820-1850
Second Great Awakening
Result of the Second Great Awakening, the dominant form of Christianity in America at the time became Evangelical Protestantism.
Gaining the interest of women and African Americans.
Black Methodist = African Methodist Episcopal
Women had many disadvantages. They were legally and socially inferior to men.
Unitarianism to Transcendentalism
Ralph Waldo Emerson, a Unitarian minister who sparked the Transcendentalism.
Kristen Vandenbrand, Tandrea Shamblin, Shavonne Lenard
The era was known as the Romantic Period in American Literature.
1850 Hawthrone wrote The Scarlet Letter
1851 Melville wrote Moby-Dick
Protestants and Catholics
The Mormon Experience
Most spectacularly successful antebellum religious community is the church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Joseph Smith wrote The Book of Mormon.
Nauvoo was the largest city in Illinois. 10,000 populations by 1840s
The Maine Law
Abolitionism and The Party System
Appeal of Evangelicalism
Evangelicalism was shown to be a powerful , and changeable faith that could be adapted easily to those who needed a spiritual striving.
Impressive numbers of Blacks, both free and enslaved joined antebellum churchs.
Radical tensions led to development of black Methodist and Baptist church's in great number in the North and South.
1856 the AME church boasted some 20,000 memebers
Even thought the importance of men as clerical and lay leaders who were black and white in the North and South who were very active in antebellum revivals and churches
Joining the church gave young women feeling and a sense of purpose.
1840 half of the adult population had involvement in a Church.
Methodist was the largest Protestant religion in the North and South.
The Temperance Movement
Protestant women established in 1820 to rally and stop people from spending their money on alcohol and recreational time in saloons.
By 1825 the average American over the age of 15 drank seven gallons of alcohol a year.
The number of Catholics in 1815 were only 150,000
By 1830 Catholic population increased to 300,000 and by 1850 8 % the populations was Catholic.
focused on the importance of outward religious observances.
Always attended Mass and receiving the sacraments as a crucial way to salvation.
Difference Between Catholicism and Protestantism
Very important for individuals to read Bible to realize God's will
Upsetting to Evangelicals, some Protestants found the Catholics teaching appealing.
Thought that Catholics were superstitious
felt that the converts were drawn by the beauties of the fellowship of Catholic.
Utopian Movement in the U.S. it was known for the most extreme movement. Secular and Religious faiths wanted to remake society to form communities.
This begins the Abolitionist movement. It was the emancipation of all slaves and the ending to the racial discrimination and segregation.
Ideas of Abolitionist ideas became noticeably in the North with their churches and politics.
The Liberator was the most radical abolitionist newspaper
Sojourner Truth & Frederick Douglass and other men and woman fought against radical discrimination in the North and slavery in the South.
Abolitionist Elizabeth Cady Station and Lucretia Mott started the women's right movement. They organized a conference that took place in Seneca Falls, New York
Most controversial proposal, demanding the right to vote was the only resolution that was passed unanimously.
First law passed, outlawing the sale of alcoholic beverages excluding industrial and medicinal purpose
1858 repealed and replaced with the restricted sale of alcohol as a beverage.
Slavery was proven even more troublesome. Abolitionist gave out more than a million pamphlets in the south.
The Abolitionist civil rights had been violated they protested
1836 this is how the term "gag rule" was passed
Party system was weakened very seriously by the reform movements.
: American Temperance
: Average alcohol consumption, two gallons.