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Moncton, New Brunswick - Grade 9 Geography

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Matthew Downs

on 29 May 2013

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Transcript of Moncton, New Brunswick - Grade 9 Geography

MONCTON, NEW BRUNSWICK Population: 69 074
Official Status on Urban Hierarchy: City North Map of Moncton, NB May 26, 2013 Matt Downs
Moncton, New Brunswick A Prezi by Matt Downs Map of Settlement and Area Location Site: Southeastern New Brunswick, near the Petitcodiac River at the peak of The Bay of Fundy. Built on marshy soil, originally used for farmland.

Situation: 1.4 Million people live within three hours of Moncton, making it the largest catchment area in the Maritime provinces. Moncton lies on Route 2 of the Trans Canada Highway, going through Quebec to the west, and into Nova Scotia in the East.

Relative Location: Northwest of Sackville, New Brunswick
Northeast of Saint John, New Brunswick
West of the Northumberland Strait
Situated on the North Bank of the Petitcodiac River

Absolute Location: 46º 7'58 North, 64º 46'17 West History Acadians first settled in the Moncton area in the 1670s. They were attracted to the area by the soil which they used for marshland farming, and built a community.

Moncton was named after Lieutenant Colonel Robert Monckton, who captured Fort Beausejour (a nearby base) in 1755 with his English forces.

Moncton's original function was a farming community.

Moncton's current function is mainly commercial land. While only populated by
69 074 people, it is a large catchment city, bringing in over 1 million people to the
city from near by towns for items. Moncton also has an unemployment rate of only
6%, better than the national average. Canadian Business Magazine named it the best
city for business in Canada. Composition of Settlement. Physical Characteristics In which ecozone is your settlement located? Moncton is located in the Atlantic Maritime ecozone.

The land is densely forested, but after many years of farming and forestry, little old growth forest remains. Moncton is located in a mixed forest zone, meaning there are both Coniferous trees (Spruce, fir, pine) and Deciduous trees (Birch, maple, ash).

Around Moncton, in other areas of the Atlantic Maritime ecozone, the soil is acidic and bad for farming, but supports vast forests. Fortunately, Moncton lies in the coastal lowlands, which is a better area for farming as well as having a milder climate. The soil in the Moncton area is leached

The wildlife in the area consist of moose and deer, which are the largest herbivores found in the area. There are not many large carnivores around, only black bears, lynx and bobcats. There is a diverse selection of small mammals in the area, including fox, raccoon, chipmunk and beaver. There are many different types of birds in the area, including diverse species of Songbirds, Seabirds, Birds of Prey and Birds of the Forest. Sea mammals in the Bay of Fundy, like whales and dolphins bring many tourists into the area from all around to go whale spotting. Crustaceans, like lobsters and crabs, fuel the fishing industry in Moncton.

The climate is mild and heavily influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Average temperatures range from -5ºC in the winter to 14ºC in the summer. Being in a maritime climate zone means cooler summers and warmer winters. The weather changes very often, going from rain to sun and back to rain in minutes.

Moncton is built over sedimentary bedrock that is good for agriculture and in a lowland of New Brunswick. The high lands of New Brunswick lay on igneous rock, that causes the soil to be acidic and terrible for agriculture. This difference between the high land's and low land's soil causes more people to go to the low lands of New Brunswick and into Moncton. Moncton is in the Appalachian landform region. Natural Resources Moncton's accessible natural resources include forests, mines and agriculture, but Moncton's primary natural resource is fishing, mostly for crustaceans like crabs and lobsters. Moncton's fishing industry also doubles as tourism, as many lobster boats offer day long excursions fishing in the Bay of Fundy.

Even though fishing is the primary natural resource, it is not very significant in Moncton's economy. Moncton is not reliant on it's natural resources, it relies on tourism and commercial business to keep it's economy going. Cultural and Recreation Three of the tourist attractions around Moncton are...
Magnetic Hill
Magnetic Hill is an optical illusion just outside of Moncton. It's a hill that looks like a normal downhill slope. Tourists drive their car down the hill and place it into neutral gear, at which point, the car rolls back up the hill. This illusion was discovered in the 1800s by farmers who discovered that they could easily push their carts "up" the hill, but it took extra effort to push them down. In the early 20th century, this was labeled a "Magnetic" hill.
The Petitcodiac river tides
The Petitcodiac river features one of the largest tidal bores in the world. The river is also known as the Chocolate River, because when the tide comes in, the water turns a light brown chocolatey color from the silt on the bottom. The Petitcodiac river inspired the names of many landmarks around the area. Tourist Attractions & Activities The Petitcodiac River in Moncton Magnetic Hill in Moncton Magic Mountain Waterpark
Magic Mountain is Atlantic Canada's largest waterpark, and Moncton's best tourist attraction for families. The waterpark brings families from all over Atlantic Canada into the area during the summer time. While not extremely large, Magic Mountain is reasonably sized with 8 water slides. Cultural Activity The cultural activity I'd recommend for around the Moncton area is both Kayaking and Walking by the Hopewell Rocks. The Hopewell Rocks are a rock formation at the mouth of the Petitcodiac river in the Bay of Fundy. When the tide of the river is in, the water is thirty feet deep. When the tide is out, people can walk on the very bottom of the sea. The tide goes out twice a day, at which point visitors can go down to the rocks, and see them from ground level. When the tides are in tourists can go kayaking around the rocks.
This is an important cultural activity for the Moncton area because it captures everything that is amazing about the East Coast of Canada. From the beauty of the rock formation to the ocean being right there. The Hopewell Rocks showcase both spectacular sides that maritime Canada has to offer, land, and sea. Everyone who visits Moncton needs to see this site at both low and high tide, to fully experience how amazing this world can truly be. THE END THANKS FOR WATCHING http://www.moncton.org/SplashPages/MonctonIndex.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moncton
http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/atlanticmaritime/atlanticmaritime.htm
Making Connections Canada's Geography Second Edition
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