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Transcript of The Constitution
establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common
defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to
ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the
United States of America. Preamble The preamble was actually a brief introduction to the rest of the Constitution. It said that the document was written by people, and that the Union would be better under the Constitution than under the Articles. Other than that, the States would need a government of some sort to protect from all the Indians and possibly warring countries abroad. Also, the U.S. citizens didn't want another monarchy, but then again, the Articles had failed, so the type of government going to be made would be federal. Why the Preamble was put into the Constitution Sets up the executive branch; it also defines how the president and vice president are elected Articles Sets up the legislative branch in government/ Congress(made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate) Article 1 Article 2 Sets up and gives power to the judicial branch Article 3 Gives directions on how to admit new states to the Union and tells the relationship between the states and the national government Article 4 States that to add an amendment or change to the Constitution, two-thirds of both houses in the Congress have to agree Article 5 No one is above the law, including the president Article 6 Article 7 Amendments Once the Constitution is ratified by at least 9 states, it takes effect Freedom of religion, press, and expression Amendment 1 right to bear arms Amendment 2 no soldier will be quartered without the consent of the owner Amendment 3 Search and seizure Amendment 4 No one person will be held for a capital crime without a trial Amendment 5 Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses Amendment 6 Amendment 8 Citizenship rights Amendment 14 The laws granted to the government by the Constitution cannot be used to understate the others kept by the people Amendment 9 Government gets its powers from states and people Amendment 10 Limits judicial powers Amendment 11 How to choose the president and vice president Amendment 12 Slavery abolished Amendment 13 The right to vote can't be denied, even through race, color, etc. Amendment 15 Gives Congress the power to lay taxes on income Amendment 16 Senators elected by popular vote Amendment 17 Alcohol abolished Amendment 18 Women get the right to vote Amendment 19 Explains the presidential terms, congressional terms, and who to appoint as president if the president dies Amendment 20 Amendment 18 repealed (alcohol is allowed) Amendment 21 Presidential term limits (limits to 2 terms per president) Amendment 22 The Representatives and the Senate vote for the president Amendment 23 Amendment 24 Presidential succession Amendment 25 Voting age set to 18 Amendment 26 Limits changes to congressional pay Amendment 27 Amendment 7 Trial by Jury in Civil Cases No excessive bail imposed, nor is there any cruel/unusual punishment NO LAWS
USED TO + = OF AND through COLOR TERMS ONLY GETS ONE MORE TERM VOTE FOR Poll tax abolished AT LEAST 18 YEARS OLD LIMITS CHANGES TO