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Life During the Victorian Era

The Industrial Revolution

Anony Mous

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Life During the Victorian Era

The Industrial Revolution In•dus•tri•al Rev•o•lu•tion The rapid development of industry in Britain in the late 17th to 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. It was a transition to new manufacturing processes from hand-crafting to the use of machinery and new powered tools. The Industrial Revolution was a huge turning point in history full of technological advances and new inventions. 1700's 1800's 1900's Thomas Newcomen Invents the first Commercial Steam Engine The very first Flying Shuttle is Invented by John Kay James Hargreaves Invents the Spinning Jenny. Richard Arkwright Patents the Water Frame James Watt Perfects and Patents Improvements on the Newcomen Steam Engine Making it more Reliable Samuel Crompton Perfects the Spinning Mule Edmund Cartwright Patents a Power Loom 1712 1733 1764 1769 1775 1779 1785 Eli Whitney Patents the Cotton Gin Robert Fulton Begins Steamboat Service on the Hudson 1807 1836 Samuel F. B. Morse
Invents the Telegraph 1866 Cyrus Field builds the
Transatlantic Cable 1876 Alexander Graham Bell
Patents the Telephone 1844 Elias Howe Patents the
Sewing Machine 1851 Isaac Singer Improves and Markets Howe's Sewing Machine 1879 Thomas Edison Patents
the Incandescent Light bulb 1888 Nikola Tesla Patents the
Induction Electric Motor 1892 Rudolf Diesel Patents
the Diesel Engine Sources "Industrial Revolution Inventors Chart." Industrial Revolution Inventors Chart. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. <http://americanhistory.about.com/library/charts/blchartindrev.htm>. Many major cities, such as Birmingham, Manchester and Sheffield, became heavily populated centres for manufacturing goods while smaller villages and towns turned into nearby mines where they produced and processed coal, iron and other metals that could be transported to these larger industrial complexes. With the increase of manufactured goods came an increase of transport infrastructure across the country as well. Railways, shipyards, and roads had to be built in order to compensate with the rapid increase of trade as well as to establish a transport network throughout the country. But as the development of industry continued to rise, the life of many families in England had to change as well. As more and more men and women moved from their rural communities to large towns and cities to become employed, many mills, small factories and workshops were constructed on the outskirts of the expanding towns covering very large areas of rural land. To provide housing for the new industrial workers and their families, cheap and affordable housing had to be constructed near city centres as well as smaller suburban estates and semi-detached houses further away to accommodate with the growing middle class. New bus routes and train stations also had to be built closer to large cities in order to provide daily commute for workers and labours. But ironically, to escape the noise and dirt from the factories in city centres, many of the more prosperous people in England decided to move out from the city back into smaller rural communities. The Industrial Revolution made possible for mass-produced goods such as cheap cotton textiles, ribbons, pottery, glass, cutlery, furniture, pots and pans to be more affordable and available to millions of people in ways that had never been thought possible before. The “everyday item” standard of many people changed and more people were able to enjoy the basic necessities that we use today in our daily lives. With the Industrial Revolution also came many technological advances and great engineering marvels. Today, we owe thanks to the hundreds of scientists and inventors who sparked great ideas during the turn of the century which now provide us with many of the things we use during our daily lives. 1794 The Invention Timeline Unfortunately, the new factories and industries brought new problems to the people. Major illnesses such as; tuberculosis, cholera, and typhoid thrived in industrial cities. Tuberculosis is passed by human contact, so the packed-in living conditions allowed the disease to spread easily. Cholera and typhoid were caused by sewage coming in contact with drinking water. There was no sewage treatment, so sewage was dumped into the river, which was the water supply for the city. The people at the time had very little concept of proper hygiene, and no understanding of how diseases are spread. This bad combination created massive outbreaks of disease. By Sean, Philip, and Alex Thomas Newcomen was an English blacksmith, who invented the atmospheric steam engine. The steam engine used the force of atmospheric pressure to do the work. Thomas Newcomen's engine pumped steam into a cylinder. The steam was then condensed by cold water which created a vacuum on the inside of the cylinder. The resulting atmospheric pressure operated a piston, creating downward strokes which could be used to run machines. An incandescent light bulb is an electric light with
a filament wire heated to a high temperature by electric currents passing through it until it glows.
The filament is protected from oxidation with a glass bulb that is filled with inert gas, a gas that doen not undergo chemical reactions under a set of given conditions. We hope you enjoyed our presentation on the industrial revolution:) THE END "King Cholera" - Industrial Britain cholera outbreak
- 1831-1832 7,000 people in London died, 50% death rate
- 1848-1849 15,000 people in London died
Tuberculosis - 1/3 of deaths between 1800-1850 is believed to be caused by TB.

In the late 1850's, the Thames River had become so polluted, it was unbearable. A general clean-up of the cities and towns reduced the death rate. In 1858, the government started a project to create one of the first modern sewage systems. At the time, it was the largest civil engineering project in the world. By the 1880's, they started to create vaccinations to eliminate epidemics.
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