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Salem Witch Trials (Joshua George)

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Joshua George

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of Salem Witch Trials (Joshua George)

Surreal Sorcery
Background History
Secondary Sources
Primary Sources
For years Christians have believed that the devil had the power to give certain people power
These powers were considered "dark magic"
The term "witch" was taken upon those who participated in this "dark magic"
Began around 700 A.D.
During the Middle Ages
Roots trace back to churches in Europe
Witchcraft craze from the years 1300-1600
Salem was a puritan based colony
Settled by Puritans in 1628 resulting in the beginning of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Witchcraft craze
January 1692, Reverend Samuel Parris's daughter and niece became sick
Blamed it on witchery
Led to 19 people being hung to death
one man was crushed to death
over 200 accusations
A slave named Tituba was believed to be approached by the devil
"Salem Possessed; the Social Origins of Witchcraft"
Two renowned authors, Paul S. Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum
craft the book “Salem Possessed; the Social Origins of Witchcraft”
Paul S. Boyer:
a former professor of the University of Wisconsin
Historian who has primarily focused his area of expertise on the culture of America
Stephen Nissenbaum,
Gained immense experience within the history field
PHD, left his mark at the University of Wisconsin

"Salem Witch Trials"
National history website
Paired with the A&E Television Network
Provides credible information over the witchcraft hysteria that occurred in 1692
Provides accurate information and appropriate reenactments of a certain historical situation
"Records of Salem Witchcraft"
The “Records of Salem Witchcraft” was compiled by various authors
originating from factual testimonies gathered from the Salem Witchcraft
No way to pinpoint an exact author for the book
All testimonies were from those who undergone the witch hysteria
Differs from my secondary sources
Personal testimonies
People of the time feared the devil
Believed the fact that the devil could grant witches the power to hurt people as a reward for their loyalty
Clinged to the idea of "religion"
Small pox
Constant attacks from the Native Americans
Family wars
National history website
Paired with the A&E Television Network
Provides credible information over the witchcraft hysteria that occurred in 1692
Provides accurate information and appropriate reenactments of a certain historical situation
"The Devil in Massachusetts"
Reflection Area
Works Cited
Boyer, Paul S., and Stephen Nissenbaum. Salem Possessed; the Social Origins of Witchcraft. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1974. Print. (Secondary Source)

Records of Salem Witchcraft Copied from the Original Documents. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Franklin, 1972. Print. (Primary Source)

"Salem Witch Trials." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2014. (Secondary Source)

"The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692." The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Sept. 2014. (Primary Source)

Starkey, Marion Lena. The Devil in Massachusetts. N.p.: n.p., 1961. Print. (Secondary Source)

A website compiled with numerous authors
Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum
Professors at University of Wisconsin
Sally Smith Booth
an historian
Elaine Breslaw
a Professor with a Ph.D. in History from the University of Maryland
George Lincoln Burr
a historian and Professor from the prestigious Cornell University
Frances Hill
An author
"The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692"
Victims of the Hysteria
The Salem Witchcraft project has seemingly ended up to be an extremely interesting topic. It was a period of confusion and hypocrisy which ruined hundreds of lives. I find it intriguing and absurd how in a such a small time span, (June, 1692-September, 1692) over 200 people were accused of having connections with the devil along with 19 innocent people being put to death for no concrete reason. Which is how I came up with my title for this project, "Surreal Sorcery", because the witchcraft hysteria was so absurd.
My resources assisted me greatly, especially my primary resources which was able to provide me factual testimonies from individuals of the Salem Witchcraft era. Both my primary and secondary sources not only enabled me to complete this project but also provided me insight in various perspectives.
Picture & Video References
Devil Born From Flame. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://th09.deviantart.net/fs71/PRE/f/2011/071/2/2/devil_born_from_flame__by_chevsy-d1qjd9i.jpg>.

Final Battle. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://psychesingularity.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/the-final-battle.jpg>.

Pilgrim. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.brunswick.k12.me.us/hdwyer/files/2013/01/pilgrm.jpg>.

Victoria. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://images2.fanpop.com/image/photos/8900000/Witches-victoria-frances-8942811-842-1300.jpg>.

Warren, Marry. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_jSN2BFFg8PI/TH0I8KDVmPI/AAAAAAAAADw/qMimligyWsk/s1600/MaryWarren.jpg>.

What Caused the Salem Witch Trials? 2013
June 10
Bridget Bishop
July 19
Sarah Wildes
Rebecca Nurse
Elizabeth Howe
Sarah Good
Susannah Martin
August 19
John Proctor
Martha Carrier
John Willard
George Burroughs
George Jacobs, Sr.
September 22
Samuel Wardwell
Mary Eastey
Ann Pudeator
Martha Corey
Alice Parker
Mary Parker
Margaret Scott
Wilmott Redd
Salem Video
"Salem Possessed; the Social Origins of Witchcraft"
“Salem Possessed; the Social Origins of Witchcraft”, provides a chronological background of the Salem Witchcraft craze. Not only does it provide a chronological timeline for the reader but it also gives background history of Salem, Massachusetts. Primarily, “Salem Possessed” is able to offer both an economical and social aspect of the witchcraft.
"The Devil in Massachusetts"
“The Devil in Massachusetts” by Marion Lena Starkey, portrays the whole historical background of the witch trials. It goes more precisely into the criminal justice aspect and the specific notions of the trials, giving the reader a close to accurate depiction of the formalities behind what a real trial back in this time period would be like. Not only that, but the book also focuses on how people talked and or discussed back then. Overall this book walks us from the beginning of the trials to the end of trials showing how justice was brought to an individual who was part of this hysteria.
"Salem Witch Trials"
This website discusses the history and origins of the Salem Witchcraft along with how this hysteria was able to spread so quickly in such a small period of time affecting everything that it came in contact with. More specifically, how the community within the state of Massachusetts was torn apart. Finally, the history website was able to offer the legacy of the witchcraft hysteria and how it dwindled down.
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