Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Nationalism

No description
by

Matthew Biggart

on 21 September 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Nationalism

Nationalism
American Revolution, 1776-1780
The Enlightenment, 1550 - 1789
Liberty, Equality, democratic rule
Rebellion against Monarchy

Printing Press

Enlightenment ideas spread to the Americas
- by who?
- how?
France
The American Revolution showed the world that Kings and Empires could be toppled by "the people"

- was an example and inspiration for Latin America

South America

Spanish Colonial Society Divided
Q: Who were...
- Peninsulares
- Creoles --> lead revolutions
- Mestizos
- Mulattos
- African Slaves
- Indians

Answers!
Peninsulares
- people who were born in Spain
Creoles
- Spaniards born in the Americas
Mestizos
- people of mixed European and Indian ancestry
Mulattos
- persons of mixed European and African ancestry
Africans and Indians
Central America
Central America + South America = Latin America
- Society and Class dictated a person's place in society, wealth and jobs.

-Many of the lower classes were upset with their social status

- Late 1700s encouraged by the success of the American revolution and inspired by ENLIGHTENMENT IDEALS

- Some choose to rebel against the structured Spanish social system
Revolution in Saint Domingue (Haiti)
- 500,000 African Slaves worked on French plantations
- Brutal conditions
- 100,000 Slaves revolt, August 1791, organized by a former slave Toussaint L'Ouverture
- By 1801, L'Ouverture had taken control of the entire island and freed all African slaves
- France set 30,000 troops to quell the uprising
- L'Ouverture negotiates an end of African slavery if he ends the revolution
Revolution Continued
- French seize L'Ouverture and send him to prison in the French Alps, died in 1803
- L'Ouverture's top lieutenant takes over the Revolution and declared the country independent.
FIRST AFRICAN SLAVE COLONY TO DECLARE ITSELF INDEPENDENT

Creoles Lead Independence
- The best educated...bring the enlightenment ideals to Latin America

- Napoleon's conquest of Spain in 1808
-
Why is this significant?

- Enlightenment ideals, Locke's ideas say political power must shift to the people
Bolivar's Victory
- Creole, Educated in Europe
-Venezuela declares independence in 1811
- Bolivar's army suffers defeats, exiled.
- Decisive win against Spanish forces in modern day Columbia turns the tide
- By 1821, Bolivar had won Venezuelan independence
- Participated in the independence of Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia
- Constructed the first government of "Gran Columbia"
Saint Domingue
Germany
1815 -1871
Italy
Major Events
- in 1815 Germany was 39 loosely affiliated states
- The Austrian Empire dominated the confederation
- Prussia had a LARGE MILITARY and a MAINLY GERMAN population
- 1848, riots in Berlin forced a liberal constitution
- 1861 Wilhelm I supported by the Junkers (conservative landowners)
- Appoints Otto Von Bismark as prime minster
- "The politics of reality. Complete your goal by any means necessary. Regardless of moral repercussions.
- No parliamentary control, no budget
- "blood and Iron"
- 1864, Schleswig and Holstein
- 1866, SEVEN WEEKS WAR WITH AUSTRIA
- 1870, FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR
- 1871, capture of Versailles, Wilhelm is Kaiser
Bismark's
Realpolitik
War in the North
- Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardina
- Camillo di Cavour
- Diplomacy and alliances
- 1852, French alliance with Sardina helps drive Austria out of Northern Italy
- Kingdom of the Two Sicilies getting help from Cavour
- Giuseppi Garibaldi captures Sicily and mainland Southern Italy
War in the South
Italy United
- Cavour arraignments to meet with Garibaldi
- Allowed for King Emanuel II to rule over a combined empire
- 1866, Venetia. 1870, Papal States (except for Vatican city)
Nationalism Defined
- People should be loyal to a nation, NOT a King or government
- Bonds that build a country
- CULTURE
- HISTORY
- RELIGION
- LANGUAGE
- NATIONALISM
- TERRITORY
Austria-Hungarian Empire
Austrian-Hungarian Empire Crumbles, 1866-1918: The Disunity of Nationalism
- Old Hapsburg Empire
- Multicultural Empire: Slovenes, Hungarians, Germans, Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, Poles, Serbs and Italians
- Nationalist tensions tore the Empire apart
- Each ethnicity wanted to create it's own nation state
- no loyalty to the crown, loyalty to the nation of people who share a common heritage
Belgium, 1830
(From the Netherlands)
Poland, 1830
(Unsuccessful revolt from Russia
Greece, 1830
(From the Ottoman Empire)
Russia
Alexander II Reforms, 1853-1881
- Modernization and social change
- Russification

- Russia was VERY diverse

- Loses Crimea War (1856) against Western European alliance (until 2014)

- Polish revolt of (1863)

- Increase nationalism to prevent revolt and increase patriotism
Romanov's loose Control, 1917
- "Russification" doesn't work on Poles, Ukranians, Finns, Jews, Turks, etc. living in Russia.
- Must learn Russian
- Attempted cultural assimilation
- Most Nationalities revolt, eventually leading to the end of Czarist Russia in 1917
Full transcript