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Theories of International Relations

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Ellie Monroe

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Theories of International Relations

Theories of International Relations
Realism
vs.
Liberalism

Levels of Analysis
Individual
State/Domestic
Systematic

REALISM
Classical Realism
Neorealism
Neoclassical Realism
Rise and Fall Realism
Offensive Structural Realism
Defensive Structural Realism
Classical Realism
Thucydides, Machiavelli, Morgenthau, Kennan
Flawed nature of man drives decisions and fuels wars. States are therefore in a continuous struggle to increase their capabilities.
Individual Level of Analysis
Realism Assumptions
World is Anarchic
States are the Most Important Actors
Actors are Rational
Survival is Key
Neorealism
Waltz
Because the system is anarchic, states engage in self help. Systematic processes will consistently produce convergent international outcomes (internal makeup of a state does not matter).
Systematic Level of Analysis
Neoclassical Realism
Schweller
While holding that distribution of power and material capabilities are the foundation of analysis, domestic political features and the foreign policy executive can explain a states decision.
Domestic Level of Analysis
Rise and Fall Realism
Gilpin; Organski; Copeland
The rules of the system are determined by the most powerful state, so wars mark the transition from one leader to the next.
Offensive Structural Realism
Mearsheimer
The maximization of relative power is most important to ensure a states survival. Achieving regional hegemony is desirable to achieve safety.
Defensive Structural Realism
Because the main threat comes other states, and the combination of rationality and an offense-defense balance favors defense, states should support the status quo and balancing is the appropriate response to threats of power buildup.
Walt; Van Evera
Systematic Level of Analysis
Systematic Level of Analysis
Systematic Level of Analysis
Liberalism
critique of realism
Kantian Liberalism
Douce Commerce
The Democratic Peace Thesis
Neoliberal Institutionalism
Kantian Liberalism
Three Principles for Perpetual Peace:
The civil constitution of every state should be republican
The law of nations shall be founded on a federation of free states
The law of world citizenship should be limited to the conditions of universal hospitality.
Douce Commerce
Liberal trade doctrine holds that trade among states was mutually beneficial. Therefore, economic freedom and openness, as exemplified through globalization, is a peace producer.
Democratic Peace Theory
Doyle
Democracies (or liberal states) will not fight other democracies. They are either more generally peaceful (monadic) or their use of force depends on the recipient's form of government (dyadic).
Neoliberal Institutionalism
The role of international institutions is in mitigating conflict and promoting the collective interest in international stability. States create institutions to maximize shared interest. Institutions can serve as a means of providing information, reducing transaction costs, and altering the payoffs associated with cooperation.
Keohane; Axelrod
Liberalism Critiques
democratizing states
Mansfield and Synder
theory of trade expectations
Copeland
states serve self interest
security?
But...cooperation as self help? (Glaser)
Full transcript