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The Ancient Maya Civilization

We will be presenting the five social sciences of the ancient Maya civilization including: history, geography, political science, sociology, and economics.

julie chavez

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of The Ancient Maya Civilization

The Ancient Maya
Civilization HISTORY -The Mayan clothes were made out of cotton worn by both sexes. Men wore a loin cloth and women wore a huipil. This is a way the government was led which is part of political science. Political Science Economics The Mayans were well known for their pyramids. SOCIOLOGY This shows how the civilization dressed as a part of their culture and that's part of sociology. -The Mayans were Polytheists,
they believed and worshiped not just one god but many gods. This is a part of sociology because religion is part of a society. They followed the custom of having the beliefs of more than one god. Their beliefs is part of their culture that makes up sociology. The Mayan family:
Mayan children got married in their early or mid-teens. Their parents would choose a partner for them to get married. This is a big tradition that they had and that families followed. This is a part of their culture that makes up sociology. GEOGRAPHY Mayan Writing: They had a writing system of hieroglyphics. (Writing that represents things or sounds.) This a good example of history because writing is documentary evidence of a civilization, which is a part of history. The Temple Of Inscriptions: The largest Meso-American pyramid in the Maya civilization of Palenque, located in Chiapas, Mexico today. This example is good for the social science, history, because it is epicgraphical evidence, which is the inscriptions of a monument or building. This is what makes it history. Mayan Art: They created art on rocks, plaster, using animal bones. They were also well-known for their pottery. Art is artifactal evidence, and that are the remains of a civilization. Many Mayan art sculptures and paintings are famous. They knew which were assigned to be used and which to be honored. The Maya occupied the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. The civilization formed as early as 1500 B.C This is a good example because it shows where their civilization was formed and when. The Mayans were skilled farmers. They had to clear big sections of the rain forests, in order to farm. They were also good weavers and potters. They would clear routes through jungles and swamps to make trading routes. This gave them the benefit of trading and selling goods. This is a good example of geography because it shows the jobs people had and how they performed them to make a good civilization. Mayan Rulers:
-Many priests were the rulers of the cities and societies. This shows a ruling of their government and tells who would run and rule the cities. Government is a part of political science. Maya city-states:
They were independent and they shared the same language, myths, beliefs, etc. Maya Rulers:
One noble family also ruled a city. This shows who led a city and leading a city and society is part of political science. The Mayans had a good farming system, they grew enough food to feed their people. This shows the people weren't poor and didn't lack food. Farming stimulated their economy, farming helped people a lot. The Mayans had different societies and were classified into groups of "class". The ones at the very top class were nobles and priests. The middle class were warriors, craftsmen, and traders. At the bottom were farmers, workers, and slaves. This example classifies the people and where they were put, in the different classes. This tells a lot about the people and where they were put in economic standards. The Mayans had an advanced trading system that included short, medium, and long routes. There were two types of goods, prestige and subsistence items. Prestige items were like gold, and copper, highly made pottery usually used as symbols by upper class Mayans. Subsistence goods were daily basis items, like food, clothes, and tools. This example shows that were was no use of money or form of currency. They traded their goods, and this kept their economy going, this was the growth.
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