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Chronicle of Death Foretold IO
Transcript of Chronicle of Death Foretold IO
By: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
How do the cultural expectations of the society affect the actions of the characters in Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel Garcia Marquez?
What connections did you find between issues in the work and your own culture and experience?
What was easy to understand and what was difficult to understand in relation to social and cultural context and issues?
In what ways do time and place matter in this work?
During time of a revolution. (“La Violencia”) 1948-1958
between the Colombian Conservative Party and the Colombian Liberal Party whose
fought most battles in the rural countryside.
add to the fact that there are drug cartels that thrive due to lack of enforcement and corruption in the military
Marquez saw all the violence
200,000 innocent people were killed (Santiago- symbolizes the death of the innocent)
Brothers let it be known that they were going to kill Nasar.
Since it was seen as the right thing to do, no one in the town thought to tell Santiago.
"We killed him openly[...] but we're innocent"(Page 49).
The bystander effect plays a big role in the society, they all assumed someone would stand up and tell him, but no one choose to be that person who went against the social norm.
Set gender roles in the society
Men work and take care of the monetary aspects of the household
They also take care of the physically demanding things
Men can have as many intimate relationships as they wish
Women take care of the kids, cook and do chores
They also have to tend to the every need of a man
Women have to marry pure
Don't necessarily have to marry for love
Chapter 2, Page 35 "Love can be learned too." (Mother of Angela)
In the book, violence was the main conflict which became acceptable throughout the society justified by honor.
The families represented in the book are extremely united.
Santiago Nasar's mother believes his son is innocent
The Vicario brothers killed Santiago to defend their family name and honor.
Social Norms in the Colombian Culture
Author was born in Aracataca Colombia in 1928, that is why the book is centered in Latin America
Based on a real murder that occurred in Sucre, Colombia: in which a young doctor was murdered by two brothers
Influence of his grandfather through his life
Based on a story that he had a personal connection to
Men: Seen as machismo. Do not have to remain pure.
Women: Were mostly below the men. Must remain pure until marriage.
The brothers: Must do the honorable thing as seen in society and kill Nasar.
Angela: Lied because she needed someone to blame. It looks bad that she is not pure
Men are still seen to be the provider for the family.
While he is at work, the wife is to stay at home doing chores and taking care of the kids
Marry at a young age
Divina Flor, Victoria Guzman's daughter (the cook) on Page 13 is an example of how men are allowed to be with multiple women.
Santiago's father with Victoria and Divina with Santiago.
Majority of Cubans are Roman Catholic
Although Cubans are extremely prideful people, they wouldn't have gone to the extent as to have killed Santiago Nasar
The girl probably would've been blamed and dishonored in the family.
There is a branch of Catholicism called Santeria.
Comparing it to my culture
Daniela De Armas
The priest, who is supposed to believe that murder is a sin, knows about the murder and does nothing. This is due to the expectation of the society they live in.
The priest see its as a just punishment and the the Vicario brothers must honor their sister.
He sides with the culture rather than his religion.
It was hard to understand because as a spiritual man, he must see this crime as a sin, yet he condones it because it is what is expected out of society.
Those of you who are religious, do you see what the Vicario brothers did as forgivable even though it is a sin?
Does your culture have expectations of men and women?
The brothers must honor their sister by killing Nasar, but they do not really want to kill him. They must. It is what their society is expecting of them since Nasar is the one Angela said she slept with.
In their society, it would bring shame to their family if Nasar was not killed for what Angela said he did.
"...had done much more than could be imagined to have someone to stop them from killing him, and they failed"(page 49).
Do you believe that there are cultural expectations in this society that give just cause for murder?
Does your culture have expectations such as these, if yes, what are they?
How does your culture compare to mine and the one in Chronicle of a Death Foretold?
What aspects of technique are interesting in the
Magical realism is far from a singular technique used by the author, it is present in some way in all techniques by the author.
"A thin drizzle was falling like the one Santiago Nasar had seen in his dream grove."- Page 4
"The pursuit of love is like falconry"- Page 1
The characters are used by Marquez to relate the roles of specific people in the culture, and how society perceived them:
Duality of the view of women
Magical quality of the role of elder women.
Singular role of Man
Uncertainty of words:
On the back of the novel the text describes how Marques put the entire society on trail.
This is revealed on the the last page of the novel..."They've killed me".
In simpler terms it appears clear that the "they" is referring to the Vicario brothers, however there is a larger sense that "they" refers to the entire village.
There is also irony within the novel a good example appears in the comparison between two quotes
"I was recovering from the wedding revels in the apostolic lap of Maria Alejandra Cervantes"-Pg 5
" 'All right, girl'...'tell us who it was'"-Pg 47
What did you think of Marquez's use of Character, did each character fill a niche in the village?
Why do you think Marquez based his story on this particular real murder that occurred in Sucre? Why was this important to him?
Example of Gender Roles
"The brothers were brought up to be men. The girls had been reared to get married. They knew how to do screen embroidery, sew by machine, weave bone lace, wash and iron, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement announcements."
Chapter 2 Page 31
In your culture, would the killing of Santiago Nasar be justified with family honor? Why or why not?
If you were in the situation that the Vicario brothers were in, would you have gone to the point of murder to defend honor?
85% of the population was Roman Catholic
90% of the population adheres to Christianity
the majority of which (70.9%) are Roman Catholic
16.7% of Colombians adhere to Protestantism
Santiago Nasar is representative of Jesus, he dies after others have sinned while being innocent himself there are several references of religious scripture throughout the novel that support this.
Cocks Crowing: In the bible on the morning of his death Jesus, before the cocks crowed predicted Peter would deny him three times. The villagers had denied Santiago of learning of his death as the day went on.
" 'and the Cocks began to crow'"
Nasar is also compared directly to Jesus.
“He had a deep stab in the right hand, it looked like a stigma of the crucified Christ”(page 75)
Enjoy this cultural food: Pan de Bono
In many of his novels, Marquez has referenced "La Violencia"
why do you think so?
and if so, what is an example?