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Eng. 9 Drama notes


Craig Kueffner

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Eng. 9 Drama notes

Drama basics Like poetry, drama is a very old genre The oldest drama in Western Literature: Greek plays 2,500 years ago by playwrights/poets such as Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides Drama is meant to be performed before an audience It has all the elements of a narrative Drama can be in the form of:
Plays, TV Shows, Movies, or Skits Drama Forms Tragedy: a noble or good person is brought down by a tragic weakness or "fatal flaw"
Greek classical tragedy
Shakespearean tragedy (Romeo and Juliet)
Melodrama (music/theatrics are used to increase emotional response, focus on plot and action Comedy: protagonist usually triumphs over his/her limitations so the play has a happy ending
Romantic comedy
Farce (unlikely, extravagant, and improbable situations) (The Sneeze)
Black humor (morbid or ironic humor that highlights the absurdity or grotesqueness of life) The Play Narration Usually there is no narrator, but sometimes the chorus serves as a type of narrator. Therefore the audience must learn the plot (conflicts) and character traits and thoughts as well as the exposition (background info, setting, etc.) from:
1. Dialogue
2. Physical movements and gestures
3. Monologues Still meaningful Forces that motivate characters are the same as those that motivate all people (they are universal). Therefore, a play written 2000 years ago still holds meaning today. Suspended disbelief is a term that means that the audience becomes involved in the play to the degree that they almost forget the play is artificial Characters IN Drama Parts of A Play The Language of Shakespeare Protagonist Antagonist Tragic Hero the main character of a tragedy Character foil a character who provides a strong contrast to another character

A character foil for a hero who is very quiet would be another character who is loud and obnoxious. Dialogue a conversation between characters in a literary work Scene a subdivision of an act in a play
each scene usually takes place in a specific time and setting Soliloquy a long speech delivered by a character who is alone on stage
Romeo-Act II Scene 2
Typically reveals the private thoughts and emotions of the character Aside a comment made by a character that is not heard by the other characters onstage
frequently used to provide information to the audience and to reveal the private thoughts of characters Chorus narrator Word play Dramatic irony used to describe a situation in a play in which the audience knows more than the character. Comic Relief a humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood. Blank verse Allusion An allusion is a reference within a work to something the audience is expected to know.
Shakespeare’s plays have allusions to Greek mythology, Roman Mythology, and the Bible. Blank verse is a form of poetry that resembles natural speech.
Blank verse is made up of meter called iambic pentameter.
Iambic Pentameter
1.Has lines that are unrhymed
2.Has lines of 5 unstressed syllables, each followed by a stressed syllable A joke that results from multiple word meanings is called a pun.
For example, you could play with the multiple meanings of the word light to supply humor. the central character of a drama the force working against the protagonist
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