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Transcript of COLORISM
By Dawn Barrett
What is Colorism?
Colorism is a process that privileges light skin people of color over dark skin in areas such as income, education, housing and the marriage market.
Generally a social phenomenon occuring within one's own ethnic group
There are two sides to colorism. It may occur as unjustly negative or unjustly positive reactions to groups of people based on their skin color.
The History of Colorism
USA - Has roots in European colonialism and slavery.
India- The British colonialism
Mexico- Light skin Spaniard had the most power and resources. Darker skin Mexican were powerless.
The Effects of Colorism
Psychologically - It effects how a child performs in school because their confidence level decreases.
Self -Esteem - Colorism can affect how you see and feel about yourself.
Self Hate- Dark skin is associated with lower self esteem, something is wrong with me.
Perception of Beauty - Skin tone can affect how we are judged by others. (Stronger for women compared to males.)
Economic Opportunity - Who gets the job, pay, success on the job.
Skin Bleaching - Skin bleaching is popular in Asia, African, Middle East, Brazil, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Indian,
South Korea, Jamaica, Philippines and the USA.
Colorism is in most ethno-cultural groups
Asia (Indian, Vietnamese, Filipinos, China, South Korea & Japan)
Middle East (Saudi Arabia)
South America (Brazil)
Two people of
race but identical skin color will be treated differently.
Two people of the
race but different skin colors will be treated differently.
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
After the Civil War
Social Groups began to discriminate
The Paper Bag Test and The Comb Test
Blue Veins Society in Nashville had standards based on skin color
Fair & Lovely
Skin Bleaching Side Effects
Absorbed into the blood causing Kidney damage
Paper thin skin / skin irration
May cross into breast milk or the placenta and potentially harming the unborn child
Fair & Lovely is a billion dollar industry.
Fair & Handsome
Feminine Wash - (To lighten private area)
If you are looking to have a husband, make new friends or get ahead at work than you need to lighten your skin.
Ellis based his work on the basis that individuals belief strongly affect their emotional functioning and their behavior.
Irrational beliefs make people feel depressed, anxious, and angry that lead to negative self-defeating behavior.
The Goals of Counseling
Help clients focus on the 'here and now'
Help people change self-defeating habits of thoughts or behaviors
Encourage clients to be more tolerant of themselves and others
Help people realize that they can live more rational and productive lives
Help clients stop making demands and becoming upset through 'catastraphizing'.
The View of Human Nature
Human are inherently rational and irrational.
Human are sensible and crazy.
People disturb themselves by what they think and what they believe.
You are responsible for your emotions and actions.
The Three Basic Must
Irrational beliefs are the source of psychological distress
'Should', 'must', and 'have to'
Irrational thoughts can lead to grief and needless suffering (Anxiety, depression, shame and guilt).
TECHNIQUES USED IN REBT
Teach that thoughts are linked with emotions and behavior
Disputing thoughts and beliefs
Direct questions, logical reasoning
Changing language (Should, Musturbation
Confrontation & Encouragement
The A, B, C, D, E approach
A - The Activating Event (Something happens)
B - Beliefs about the event
C - Consequences - You have an emotional reaction)
D - Disputation - You identify reason why your irrational belief are untrue. (Why, where, what)
E - New Effect / New Emotions (You have a more rational emotions)
We accept ourselves with our flaws and limitation.
Understanding that other people are sometimes a disappointment and may not always behave or treat us the way we prefer.
Realizing that although we have plans for our lives, things do not always go as we plan.
The first step to healing is to acknowledge that it exist!
The Effect of Colorism
Colorism in D.R.
Epictetus — 'Men are disturbed not by the things that happen, but by their opinion of the things that happen.'