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Alice and Wonderland
Transcript of Alice and Wonderland
Alice was born in 1852, the third of ten children, and in 1855 they moved to Christ Church (as her father had become dean there). They were playing in the Deanery garden when they first got close to Carroll. He took pictures of them, and later pictures of the family, since Alice's father liked his art. Alice and the girls went on outings with Carroll (like the University Museum). He always made stories to entertain them, but on one day in 1862, he told them stories about Alice (which eventually developed into the stories we know today). Eventually Alice grew up to be a beautiful part of society, and had a relationship with Prince Leopold (the Queen's youngest son). It didn't work out, so she married Reginal Hargreaves, and continued her life in Cuffnells, where she had three sons. She continued to do art (painting, etc), and passed away in 1934. (Curran 1)
On July 4th, 1862, (when Alice was ten), Alice and her sisters went with Carroll and a friend of his on a boat. 24 year old Lewis Carroll then told the stories of "Alice's Adventures Underground". Later, Alice continued to insist for Carroll to write it down. He eventually gave the original manuscript to Alice as a Christmas present. Dodgson (Carroll) stopped talking to Alice's family in 1863 for reasons unknown (that page of his diary was cut out), maybe because Liddell's mom didn't like the relationship. They were friendly after a few months, but it never was the same. (Cavendish 1)
Women tended to do domestic work at home, and were inferior to men physically, but superior intellectually. They beared children and took care of the home. They also got an education in language and the arts, but they weren't allowed to have an opinion on other matters (politics, math, etc). Many believed more knowledge would result in not being married. Women married in their 20s, with men typically being around 5 years older. If they had an affair, it would destroy their reputations (but not the mans). Women were considered to be incapable of making hard decisions, and women and men had drastically different roles. (Gender Roles in the Victorian Era 1)
Victorian Society and its Rules
Lewis Carroll was born as Charles Lutwidge Dodson on January 27th, 1832, as the eldest son (and third eldest) of 11 children. He was smart in high school, and pursued college in Christ Church (and then became a lecturer there). To lecture, he couldn't marry, and became a deacon in 1861. He used to photograph as a hobby, and was somewhat reserved (but not completely shy). He wrote
Alice's Adventures Underground
, which was revised into
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
, a huge success. Carroll followed with
Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There
. He then published other works, like
The Hunting of the Snark
. In 1881, he gave up lecturing to devote time to writing (he was curator of the common room at the university). Some believe he had a split personality, as he was known as a reserved, fussy bachelor, but his writings were great for children. He was very peculiar (he stammered, was fussy about his possessions, and walked up to 20 miles a day). (Lewis Carroll Biography 1)
Alice and Wonderland
By Lewis Carroll
If someone was called a Victorian gentleman, it meant that he was rich, and didn't have to work (manual labor). He would never inflict pain upon anyone, and would help other. He had to be respectable, and make people feel at ease when speaking to him. They were not meant to have an ego at all, and it wasn't good to bring one selves up in the conversation. It was hard, but men in this era carried themselves with grace. Presentation and appearance was very important. (What were Victorian Era Gentlemen's Manners and Etiquettes 1)
Etiquette is the most important thing during the Victorian Era. Victorian society was concerned with every part of your daily life. Throughout their day, the upper class was governed by "dos and don'ts". You couldn't be caught in the wrong fashion at the wrong time of day, and had to address people by their right title. You could only speak with someone if you were properly introduced. Young ladies had to be chaperoned, and couldn't be caught with a man (other than family). In marriage, women represented their husbands gracefully with no scandal. Gentlemen couldn't always drink or smoke in front of the ladies. People were always kept busy with parties, dances, visits, dressmakers, and tailors, along with keeping up with the gossip. (Rose 1)
Relationship Between Alice and Carroll
The Industrial Revolution was the process of change from a more rural economy to an economy dominated by forms of industry and manufacturing. It began in Great Britain in the 18th century. We used new basic materials, energy sources, inventions, factory systems, transportation, communication, and the idea of an application of science towards industry. There were also many agricultural improvements, economic changes, political changes, social changes, and cultural transformations. From 1760-1830 really only Britain was observing it, but it eventually leaked to other countries. (Industrial Revolution 1)
Victorian Leisure Activities
Between 1837-1901, leisure became more of a thing in Great Britain. Young girls had beautiful dolls to play with, while boys played with tin or lead soldiers. Many also began to pick up reading, or keeping a scrapbook (that had a collection of things in it, like butterflies). People began to play board games like Backgammon, chess, or checkers. Sports also became popular, and rules were set for how they should be played. Croquet also became a casual sport. People looked more into the arts too. (Victorian Era Hobbies 1)
Cavendish, Richard. "The Alice in Wonderland Story First Told."
History Today Magazine
. History Today, July 2012. Web. 17 Apr. 2017.
Curran, Jane. "Local Lives - Alice Liddell."
. BBC, 21 May 2009. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.
"Gender Roles in the Victorian Era."
. N.p., 3 Jan. 2016. Web. 18 Apr. 2017.
"Industrial Revolution." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 19 Mar. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.
"Lewis Carroll Biography."
Encyclopedia of World Biography
. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2017.
Rose, Tudor. "Victorian Society."
. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2017.
The Era of Queen Victoria
. Dir. Daniel Czepelczauer. Perf. Brett Ortgiesen. YouTube. It's History, 10 Apr. 2015. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.
"Victorian Era Hobbies."
. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.
"What Were Victorian Era Gentleman's Manners and Etiquettes?"
. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2017.