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1984

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ang ela

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of 1984

“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past”
Paradox
Summary
Chapter One
Chapter Three
- Winston is put in a cell in Ministry of Love

-Thought often of O'Brien and Brotherhood
and the razor blade

-Parsons is also arrested, denounced by his daughter

-Skull-faced man refuses to go to "Room 101"

-O'Brien meets Winston in cell, but as an operative of Ministry of Love

-Winston is struck in the elbow with a truncheon

Chapter Two
- Winston reflects on how he was tortured, both mentally and physically

- Winston explains how he confesses to every crime he is accused of, just to escape from further torture

- O’Brien tells Winston that Winston’s current outlook is insane, but that torture will cure him

- Winston slowly begins to love O’Brien, because O’Brien was the one who stopped the torture

- Winston begins to accept O’Brien’s version of events, rebelling against his own memory

- He asks O’Brien about Julia, and is told that she had long betrayed him; asks about Room 101, which foreshadows his own future


Winston does not fear “the dial” as much as he did in the beginning.
O’Brien tells Winston that the true goal of The Party is to obtain and keep power for its own sake, absolutely and limitlessly.
Winston argues that no matter how powerful The Party is, it cannot change the laws of nature. O’Brien answers that The Party has power over everything as it controls all matter.
O’Brien shows Winston his decayed form in a mirror. When Winston accuses O’Brien of reducing him to such state, O’Brien replies that Winston has made himself to it.
O’Brien tells Winston that he will be cured and eventually shot.

1984
Book III Ch. 1-3
Society
Provocative
Conclusion
Themes, Symbolism and Paradox
Chapter Two
Chapter Three
Chapter One
Chapter Two
Chapter Three
"The place where
there is no darkness"
Winston's last taste of "humanity"
last time he thinks and interacts with his own mind, before becoming a part of the society Big Brother has created
communicating with others who committed "thoughtcrime" before brainwashed into the ideology of "doublethink
"The Brotherhood, he had said, never tried to save its members. But there was the razor blade; they would send the razor blade if they could." Page 229

Quote: “He did not know where he was. Presumably he was in the Ministry of Love; but there was no way of making certain.” (page 225)
Quote: “Only once, when two Party members, both women, were pressed close together on whispered words; and in particular a reference to something called “room one-oh-one,” which he did not understand.” (page 228)
Quote: “Parsons walked into the cell. He was wearing khaki shorts and a sports shirt. This time Winston was startled into self-forgetfulness. “You here!”. He said” (page 232)
Quote: “They’ve got you too!” he cried. “They got me a long time ago,” said O’Brien with a mild, almost regretful irony. (Page 238)
Quote: “The elbow! He had slumped to his knees almost paralyzed […] Nothing in the world was so bad as physical pain. In the face of pain there are no heroes, no heroes […]” (page 239)
Quote: “He hardly thought of Julia. He could not fix his mind on her. He loved her and would not betray her; but that was only for a fact, known as he knew the rules of arithmetic. He felt no love for her, and he hardly even wondered what was happening to her.” (page 228)
Quote: “He thought: “If I could save Julia by doubling my own pain, would I do it? Yes, I would.” But that was merely an intellectual decision, taken because he knew that he ought to take it.” (page 238)
Quote:“The Brotherhood, he had said, never tried to save its members. But there was the razor blade; they would send the razor blade if they could.” (page 229)
Quote: “Yes, he saw now, he had always known it. But there was no time to think of that. All he had eyes for was the truncheon in the guard’s hand.” (page 239)
PLOT
The people of Oceania lack basic understanding of the laws of nature and simply regard whatever the Party states as the truth.
Their sole life goal is to contribute to the Party’s ideologies.
“There will be no loyalty, except loyalty toward the Party. There will be no love, except the love of Big Brother.” (Pg. 267)
The society is based on fear and hatred.
There are no emotional bonds between family and friends.
Individuality is also greatly oppressed as everyone merges into one immortal, powerful being – the Party.
Paradox
Symbols
Themes
Those who have the ultimate power have the ability to define truth. (Absolute control of totalitarian government)
Torture and violence may destroy a person’s physical appearance, however, his mind and feelings cannot be changed.
Chapter One
Symbols:

“There is nothing that we could not do. Invisibility, levitation – anything. […] if I wished to. I do not wish to, because the Party does not wish it. […] We make the laws of nature.” (Pg. 265)
“I have not betrayed Julia,” he said. […] In the sense in which he intended the word, he had not betrayed her. He had not stopped loving her; his feelings for her remained the same. (Pg. 274)
Quote: “'Four! Five! Four! Anything you like. Only stop it, stop the pain!'" (page 150)
Quote: “In the end the nagging voices broke him down more completely than the boots and fists of the guards. He became simply a mouth that uttered, a hand that signed whatever was demanded of him. His sole concern was to find out what they wanted him to confess, and then confess it quickly." (page 242)
Quote: “Don't worry, Winston; you are in my keeping. For seven years I have watched over you. Now the turning point has come. I shall save you , I shall make you perfect." (page 244)
-Room 101
Quote: “You are a flaw in the pattern, Winston. You are a stain that must be wiped out...We convert him, we capture his inner mind, we reshape him. We burn all evil and all illusion out of him..." (page 255)
-Winston's trust
in O'Brien
Quote: “You knew this, Winston,” said O’Brien. “Don’t deceive yourself, You did know it – you have always known it.” (page 239)
Paradox
Themes
Physical pain, a form of torture used to keep control, is something scarier than death.
If one is overly attached to a person or an ideology, their senses of right or wrong can be altered.
Before this chapter started, Winston was in opposition of the Party and has taken actions that showed rebellion. After he was captured and tortured, he became fearful and has spilled out his secret, yet he still opposes the Party.
“As usual, the voice had battered Winston into helplessness. […] And yet he could not keep silent.” (Pg. 269)
“Before he knew what he was doing he had collapsed onto a small stool that stood beside the bed and burst into tears. […] ‘You did it!’ sobbed Winston. ‘You reduced me to this state.’” (Pg. 273)
“’Tell me,’ he said, ‘how soon will they shoot me?’” (Pg. 274)
- it can change one completely

“The dial, also, had grown to be less of a terror. He could evade its pangs if he was quick-witted enough; it was chiefly when he showed stupidity that O’Brien pulled the level. […] He could not remember how many sessions there had been.” (Pg. 261)
Quote:“Do anything to me!” he yelled. “You’ve been starving me for weeks. Finish it off and let me die. Shoot me. Hang me... I’ve got a wife and three children. The biggest of them isn’t six years old. You can take the whole lot of them and cut their throats infront of my eyes, and I’ll stand by and watch it. But not Room 101!” (page 236)
“Winston shrank back upon the bed. Whatever he said, the swift answer crushed him like a bludgeon. And yet he knew, he knew, that he was in the right.”(Pg. 266)
“He had stopped because he as frightened. A bowed, gray-colored, skeletonlike thing was coming toward him. Its actual appearance was frightening, and not merely the fact that he knew it to be himself. […] He had gone partially bald. […] But the truly frightening thing was the emaciation of his body. […] ” (Pg. 271)
“It might be a long time,” said O’Brien. “You’re a difficult case. But don’t give up hope. Everything is cured sooner or later. In the end we shall shoot you.” (Pg. 274)
The mirror
Winston's decayed physical form
Symbolizes connection from Winston's past to his present situation
Symbolizes Winston's self-realization
Foreshadows Winston's character change.

“He had stopped because he as frightened. A bowed, gray-colored, skeletonlike thing was coming toward him. Its actual appearance was frightening, and not merely the fact that he knew it to be himself. He moved closer to the glass.” (Pg. 271)
“Go on,” said O’Brien. “Stand between the wings of the mirror. You shall see the side view as well.”
Symbolizes Winston's loss of hope.
Shows Winston's obliviousness of his current state (numbed senses)
Foreshadows/Symbolizes the collapse of Winston's mental strength.
“We have beaten you, Winston. We have broken you up. You have seen what your body is like. Your mind is in the same state.” (Pg. 273)
The Concept of Doublethink
The Party's ultimate method of twisting the truth and altering the past.
“Do you suppose it is beyond us to produce a dual system of astronomy? The stars can be near or distant, according as we need them. […] Have you forgotten doublethink?” (Pg. 266)
“Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing.” (Pg. 266)
Quote: “You can see that the numbers on this dial run up to a hundred. Will you please remember, throughout our conversation, that I have it in my power to inflict pain on you at any moment and to whatever degree I choose. If you tell me any lies...you will cry out with pain, instantly." (page 245)
Quote: Reality exists in the human mind, and nowhere else...only in the mind of the Party, which is collective and immortal. Whatever the Party holds to be truth is truth" (page 249)
Quote: “Sometimes they are five. Sometimes they are three. Sometimes they are all of them at once. You must try harder. It is not easy to become sane." (page 251)
Quote: "Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past..." (page 248)
Winston loses his most "human aspects"
In our society, we treasure these emotions
Although not yet completely converted, hatred is numbed
Interrogation and torture as preparation, malleability
Vulnerable to exterior influences
Open ended cliffhanger, leaves you wondering
Themes
Symbols
You must first disown your own beliefs in order to embrace the ideologies of another.
• “You are clinging to your disease under the impression that it is a virtue.” (page 246)
• “The truth please, Winston. Your truth.” (page 246)
• “…some years ago you had a very serious delusion indeed.” (page 246)

In true totalitarianism, those in power understand their subjects better than the subjects do themselves.
• “’You are afraid,’ said O’Brien, watching his face, ‘that in another moment something is going to break. Your especial fear is that it will be your backbone. You have a vivid mental picture of the vertebrae snapping apart and the spinal fluid dripping out of them. That is what you are thinking, is it not Winston?’” (page 245)
• “’Do you remember,’ [O’Brien] went on, ‘writing in your diary, “Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four”?’” (page 249)

“There was a memory hole in the opposite wall…unseen, the frail slip of paper was…vanishing in a flash of flame.” (page 247)
“...their real weapon was the questioning that went on and on…” (page 241)
• “'We do not merely destroy our enemies. We change them…we make him one of ourselves before we kill him.” (page 253)
• “'The first thing for you to understand is that in this place there are no martyrdoms…’” (O’Brien’s lecture to Winston about how the Party deals with rebels, page 253-254)

Orwell shows the reader how complex the Party is in this chapter, and how organized and well laid out the society truly is.


Character
"It was a frightening pain, because he could not see what was happening, because he could not see what was happening and he had the feeling that some mortal injury was being done to him.” Page 244
Full transcript