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Endemic Species of Hawaii

science project
by

Carley McNutt

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Endemic Species of Hawaii

By: Carley McNutt Endemic Species of Hawaii Kau'i'amakihi (Hemignathus Virens Stejnegeri) 'Anianiau (Hemignathus Parvus) The 'Anianiau is the smallest endemic bird species on Kaua'i. First Species: Red Hawaiian Lionfish (Pterois sphex)
In its scientific name, Pterois Sphex, in Greek Pterois means wasp sting. The reason it's named Pterois is because of its venomous sting. The Red Hawaiian Lionfish is closely related to the Volitans Lionfish. The Volitans Lionfish is more poisonous than the Red Hawaiian Lionfish. The Volitans Lionfish The Red Hawaiian Lionfish The Red Hawaiian Lionfish is red is because it is a warning sign to its predators not to mess with it. Second Species: The reason that the Volitans Lionfish is more poisonous than the Red Hawaiian Lionfish is because the Volitans has more predators. The Kau'i'amakihi's ancestor is the finch. They used to feed off the ground and had a straight beak to dig into the ground to get insects. Then the volcanos started errupting and made streams into ponds forcing the water to stop flowing and become stagnent. Once the water became stagnant mosquitos started laying eggs in the water and infected the drinking water for the birds and then later on they eventually killed most of the birds due to Malaria. The birds then flew up higher into the forest where there were fewer mosquitos and their beaks became thiner and more curved to probe the flowers in the trees. Their color also changed from a brown that matched the ground to a light green to match the trees. The honeycreeper population grew rapidly and became the second most aboundant endemic forest bird in the world. The 'Anianiau is a honeycreeper (just like the Kau'i'amakihi) with a short, thin, slightly curved bill. The 'Anianiau is related to the same ancestor as the Kau'i'amakihi but is just a different type of bird. The 'Anianiau was forced upward, just like the Kau'i'amakihi, and instead of the thin beak with a curve that the Kau'i'amakihi has, the 'Anianiau has a thin but slightly curved beak. The reason that this bird has a slightly curved beak is because the Kau'i'amakihi and the 'Anianiau both were forced upward, because of the mosquitos, and the Kau'i'amakihi went into the tree to eat out of the flowers, and the 'Anianiau went to the gound. There are many insects under the ground which was what the 'Anianiau main diet was, which was why the 'Anianiau had a slightly curved beak. The slightly curved beak was for pecking in the ground to get insects. Work cited:

Lionfish
http://www.flippersandfins.net/lionfishvolitans.htm
http://saltaquarium.about.com/od/lionfishscorpionfish/tp/Scorpaenidae-Family-Genus-Pterois-Species-Profile.htm
http://saltaquarium.about.com/cs/scorpionfishcare/p/prosphexlion.htm
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/
http://www.waquarium.org/_library/images/education/marinelifeprofiles/southpacificturkeyfish0909.pdf

Kaua’I’amaki
http://twearth.com/species/hawaii-amakihi
http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/hawaiihoneycreepers.html
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111020122158.html
http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/punctuated-equilibrium/2011/nov/02/hawaiian-honeycreepers-tangled-evolutionary-tree


‘Anianiau
http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=8908
http://www.birdinghawaii.co.uk/XEndemicforestbirds2.htm
http://www.kauaibirds.com/anianiau.htm

Other
http://hilo.hawaii.edu/affiliates/prism/documents/Unit1Adaptations.pdf Slightly Curved Beak Curved Beak The 'Anianiau is also known as a Lesser Kau'i'amakihi Third Species:
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