Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Dankel Keynote European Marine Board, Tenerife 26.04.17

by

Dorothy Dankel

on 27 April 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Dankel Keynote European Marine Board, Tenerife 26.04.17

IEA
.....................................
WHAT IT SHOULD BE
Science with and for Society
.....................................
WHAT IT COULD BE
Adventures in inter- and transdisciplinarity
.........................................
WHAT IT IS
.........
Examples of the state-of-the-art
Dorothy J. Dankel, Ph.D.
University of Bergen, Norway
Nordic Marine Think Tank
Transdisciplinary
Insights into Integrated Ecosystem Assessments
Unifying social science and humanities research in processes of Integrated Ecosystem Assessments
Integrated
Ecosystem
Assessment
LAW
biology
ecology
SOCIAL SCIENCES
MATHEMATICS & NATURAL SCIENCES
MEDICINE
PSYCHOLOGY
modelling
economics
sociology
HUMANITIES
health
human well-being
nutrition
legal frameworks
philosophy
language
anthropology
decision-making
power assymetries
communication
participation
discourse analysis
social network analysis
cultural consensus analysis
Ways of Working
mono
cross
inter
multi
trans
How
could
IEAs work?
How
should
IEAs work?
Science & Technology Studies (STS)
Sheila Jasanoff
Assessment of Assessments (2009)
"Towards a Regular Process for the Global Reporting and Assessment of the State of the Marine Environment, Including Socio-Economic Aspects"
http://www.unga-regular-process.org/
"Just as environmental scientists are hard put to find on earth an ecological system that has not been affected by human activity, so it is difficult for social scientists to locate forms of human organization or behavior anywhere in the world whose structure and function have not been affected, to some extent, by science and technology."
excerpt Chapter 2: States of Knowledge
Nature
Culture
Ordering Knowledge, Ordering Society: Science in Culture and Politics
"Our methods of understanding and manipulating the world curve back and reorder our collective experience along unforeseen pathways."
How are IEAs shaped by nature and culture, and how are nature and culture shaped by IEAs?
IEA
SCIENCE
WITH
&
FOR
SOCIETY
www.nmtt.org
transdisciplinary?
How do
you
work?
mono-
multi-
cross-
inter-
trans-
disciplinary

Tvinnereim & Fløttum (2015)
Older respondents
associate climate with
weather & melting ice

Younger respondents
placed emphasis on the
future & personal or social issues
What do you think of when you hear the words "climate change"?
Governance
Education
Ethics
Open Access
Gender
Engagement
including the humanities!
data & methods
diversity!
also in the lab
science–policy interface & human networks
personal, institutional, societal
Integrated Ecosystem Assessments
status quo

different disciplines, different perspectives

Science with & for Society, RRI
Neuwirth -> Conchita = non-conforming
& Europe loves her!
WHAT
IS AN
INTEGRATED
ECOSYSTEM
ASSESSMENT?
ICES
Integrated
Ecosystem
Assessments
socio-psychology
ecotoxicology
So, should we all be like Conchita?
“T-shaped” researchers = specialists anchored in one field, but have the ability and intuition to search our broader ideas and concepts beyond their field
(Brown et al. 2015; "How to catalyse collaboration".
Nature
525, 315–317)
trained discipline
curiosity to connect
IEA
@dorothydankel
@dorothydankel
be fit for purpose
Research Questions & Methods:
Use eigenvector centrality to measure the influence of an Expert Group (nodes) in the overall social network of ICES Expert Group participants in 2011
Measure the links from the Terms of Reference to the actual ICES strategic Science Plan
What is the overall Social Network of ICES in 2011?
Which Expert Group is most relevant to the ICES Science Plan?
Hypothesis: The best connected EG will be most relevant to the Science Plan
nodes ( ) are the Expert Groups
links ( ) are their shared individuals
EG3
EG1
EG2
Expert Group 3
Expert Group 1
Expert Group 2
A look closer in 2011...
subsample of only SCICOM EGs (n=72)
Regional Social Network Analysis (2013 data)
North Sea
Baltic Sea
Barents Sea
North Sea
2013
Baltic Sea
2013
Barents Sea
2013
intra group cooperation is very high
certain EGs act as facilitators
certain EGs may require better integration
intra group cooperation is very high
certain EGs act as facilitators
certain EGs may require better integration
intra group cooperation is very high
certain EGs act as facilitator
certain EGs may require better integration
Limitations of Integrated Assessments
Kandlikar & Risbey (1995) "Uses and Limitations of Insights from Integrated Assessment Modeling" Thematic Guide to Integrated Assessment Modeling of Climate Change [online]. University Center, Mich.

Are IAs 'truth machines' or 'forecasting tools' or '
heuristic tools
'?
IAs should "
serve the role of an organizing framework
for directing activity in more detailed studies outside of the model"
not give specific prescriptions
Risbey, Kandlikar and Patwardhan (1996) Assessing Integrated Assessments. Climatic Change 34: 369-395.

not everything
can be
quantified or
should be
quantified
damage archetypes: showing "losses"
experts should provide caveats of their assessments
IAs typically have
strong disciplinary biases
(
where can the humanities fit in?
)

Millenium Development Goals (2000)
Sustainable Development Goals (2015)
But how to achieve sustainable use & conservation?
Intra-group connectivity is high, but the IEA groups not well integrated (in 2013)
Tvinnereim & Fløttum (2015)
moral of the story: innovations are made outside your comfort zone
VALUES
KNOWLEGE
KNOWLEDGE BONDARIES
ARGUMENTATIVE FRAMES
HOW IS INFORMATION USED?
Intra-
Multi-
Cross-
Inter-
Transdisciplinary
Trust and inclusivity were paramount in developing transdisciplinary work
Inclusivity was attained by providing multiple avenues for engagement
Trust was developed through standardizing methodologies across disciplines and ensuring reproducibility of results (e.g. the conceptual model support table)
Transdisciplinary work is a slow process
Time (and money) is needed to build the group rapport critical in transdisciplinary work through repeated personal interactions.
Answer:
773 842
t

How to do Post-normal science in practice?
HOW?
What was the ICES recommended catch quota for Northeast Atlantic mackerel for 2016?
773 842
Ulrich et al. 2010
Full transcript