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THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS ON EDUCATION
Transcript of THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS ON EDUCATION
ignorantia legis neminem excusat
The Philosophy of the Philippine Education as Gleaned from 1987 Philippine Constitution
The Philosophy of Humanism
ARTICLE XIV :
EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ARTS, CULTURE AND SPORTS
“People should be treated equally”
“Democratization of access”
ANDRES III BASA SEQUITO, M.B.
CONSTITUTION OF THE PHILIPPINES
Ratified 2 February 1987
Author(s) were the Commissioners of the Constitutional Commission of 1986
Signatories: Commissioners of the Constitutional Commission of 1986
THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS ON EDUCATION
1987 CONSTITUTION SUMMARY
ARTICLE I : National Territory
ARTICLE II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies
ARTICLE III: Bill of Rights
ARTICLE IV: Citizenship
ARTICLE V: Suffrage
ARTICLE VI: Legislative Department
ARTICLE VII: Executive Department
ARTICLEVIII: Judicial Department
ARTICLE IX: Constitutional Commissions
ARTICLE X: Local Government
ARTICLE XI: Accountability of Public Officers
ARTICLE XII: National Economy and Patrimony
ARTICLE XIII: Social Justice and Human Rights
ARTICLE XIV: Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports Education
ARTICLE XV: The Family
ARTICLE XVI: General Provisions
ARTICLE XVII: Amendments or Revisions
ARTICLE XVIII: Transitory Provisions
The Philosophy of Egalitarianism
“Man is both the subject and object of education,
Man is the means and the end of development.”
What is the goal of EDUCATION?
The ultimate goal of education is to develop in the education and desirable
which man can effectively use to alleviate poverty and improve the quality of his life, his family, the community and the larger Filipino society.
(4)Encourage non-formal, informal and indigenous learning systems, as well as self-learning, independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs; and
(5)Provide adult citizens, the disabled and out-of-school youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency and other skills.
The congress may provide for incentives, including tax deductions, to encourage private participations in programs of basic and applied scientific research scholarship, grant-in-aid, or other forms of incentives shall be provided to deserving science students, researchers, scientists, inventors, technologists, and especially gifted citizens.
(1)All educational institutions shall include the study of Constitution as part of the curricula.
Wilfredo V. Villacorta
A political and social scientist and served as a Chairman of the Committee on Education of the Con-Com.
The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
The State shall:
(1)Establish, maintain and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society;
(2)Establish and maintain a system of free public education in the elementary and high school levels. Without limiting the natural right of parents to rear their children, elementary education is compulsory for all children of school-age;
(3) Establish and maintain scholarship grants, loan programs, subsidies and other incentives which shall be available to deserving students in both public and private schools, especially to the underprivileged;
There are over 14 million IP's (Indegenous People) in the country, most of whom are in Mindanao. They continue to live as organized communities, retaining their customs and traditions, and fighting for their rights. Tribal groups are found throughout the Philippines, among them the
Apayao, Isneg and Tinggian
in the Cordillera;
Aeta, Gaddang, and Ibanag
in Cagayan Valley;
Pinatubo and Baluga
in Central Luzon;
Hanunoo and Iraya
Batak, Ke-ney, and Tagbanua
Ati and Sulod
in Western Visayas; and
Ata, Bagobo, Badjao, Bilaan
The right of indigenous peoples (IPs) to education is provided in the Philippine Constitution, in
Republic Act 8371, the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997,
and the 2007 United Nations (UN) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Section 10 of Art.XIV
(3)All revenues and assets of non-stock, non-profit educational institutions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt for taxes and duties. Upon the dissolution or cessation of the corporate existence of such institutions, their assets shall be disposed of in manner provided by law.
Proprietary educational institutions, including those cooperatively owned, may likewise be entitled to such exemptions subject to the limitations provided by law including restrictions on dividends and provisions for reinvestment.
(4)Subject to conditions prescribed by law, all grants, endowments, donations or contributions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt from tax
ALS Accomplishments/ Highlights in Tagum City, Davao Del Norte
Ms. Aida Canoy, BSE 2008
graduated Magna Cum laude
Ms Niña Gloria, BSC 2008
graduated Cum laude
Ms. Flordeliza Clemente, BSN
The curricula shall be fixed in accordance with the rule of the
. They cover the hard and the soft sciences. What are being taught are the basic and traditional subjects on language, mathematics, sciences, the social science and humanities. The study of the constitution shall form part of curricula. Teachers of the constitution must also teach provisions on social justice, family and national patrimony but most especially the Bill of Rights.
It is now also provided in the curricula shall:
1. Inculcate patriotism and nationalism
2. Foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of the national heroes historical development of the country.
3. Teach the rights and duties of citizenship
4. Strengthen ethical and spiritual values.
5. Develop moral character and personal discipline
6. Encourage critical and creative thinking
7. Broaden scientific and technological knowledge
8. Promote vocational efficiency.
Under the old constitution, provisions on religious were considered dead letters. The new provision is called authentic and more direct because while retaining the teaching of religion on an optional basis, the same must be taught “within regular classes hours”, and moreover, the new provision realizes that there is an expenses on the part of the government on light, water and other facilities, thus the use of the words “without additional cost to the government.” The Protestants and the Muslims in the 1986 Constitutional supported the provision on religious instruction in the new constitution.
The State is mandated to enhance the right of teachers to professional advancement and shall endure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents though adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment.
Science and Technology are essential for national development and progress. The state shall give priority for research and development, invention, innovation, and their utilization; and to science and technology education training, and services. It shall support indigenous, appropriate, and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities, and their application to the country’s productive systems and national life.
. The state shall protect and secure the exclusive rights of scientists, inventors, and other gifted citizens to their intellectual property and creations particularly when beneficial to the people, for such period as may be provided by the law.
Section 18 (1)
. The State shall ensure equal access to cultural opportunities through the educational system, public or private cultural entities, scholarships, grants and other incentives, and community cultural centers, and other public venues.
ARTS AND CULTURE
Section 18 (2).
The State shall encourage and support researches and studies on the arts and culture.
Thank You Very Much!
The state shall regulate the transfer and promote the adaptation of technology from all sources of the national benefit. It shall encourage the widest participation of private groups, local governments, and community-based organizations in the generation in the utilization of science and technology.
The State shall recognize, respect, and protect the rights of indigenous cultural communities to preserve and develop their cultures, traditions, and institutions. It shall consider these rights in the formulation of national plans and policies.
Section 19 (1).
The State shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a healthy and alert citizenry.
Section 19 (2).
All education institutions shall undertake regular sports activities throughout the country in cooperation with athletic clubs and other sectors.