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The Gold Rush

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Stephanie Oliver

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of The Gold Rush

The Gold Rush
FONTS
Struggles the Miners Faced
It quickly became a struggle for the miners to find un-mined land and enough space to have adequate mine able land.
Miners lived in fear of illness, physical dangers, the harsh environment, and even death.
Miners were often homesick and lonley
Conditions and weather was rough
Discrimination
Legal problems
Profits
During the Gold Rush Merchants typically made more money than miners.
The merchants made so much money because they were the only people that sold food and other necessities, so they could price the items as high as they wanted.
One group of miners during a few months in 1848 made $3 million (by 2010 prices) on the Feather River.
An estimated 20 million ounces were recovered by Dredging alone (= to 28 billion dollars by today's prices)
Gold Today
Miners today are much more advanced than the miners of the California gold rush.

They drill holes on a piece of prospective land and test the pay dirt for gold.
If they find gold good enough to mine they will file a claim on that land.
Once they begin mining-
Excavators
are used to reach the pay dirt and place it in the dump truck.
The
dump truck
then transports the paydirt to the trommel or rocker.
The pay dirt is then run through the
trommel
to separate the gold from the dirt.
Getting the Gold

Early Days:
The gravel beds were richly concentrated, and the miners
panned
for gold in the rivers and streams.
The Gold Rush began on January 24, 1848.
The first gold was found by James W. Marshall at the Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
This news brought 300,000 people to California from the U.S and other countries.
These gold seekers were known as "forty-niners" (as of 1849).
At first, the gold nuggets could be picked up off the ground, but later, had to recovered from streams and riverbeds.
The Beginning of the Gold Rush
Techniques
A little later:
Industrious miners graduated to placer mining, where they used
rockers
to produce greater amounts of gold
James W. Marshall
Later:
In 1890s
dredging
technology was created, in which miners prospected for gold that had slowly washed down into flat river bottoms and sand bars.

Levi Strauss (of Levi's Jeans)
Ulysses Grant (US president)
James Marshall (founder of first gold)
America the Story of US
History Channel video
Effect on Native Americans

Native Americans depended on hunting and gathering. When the miners came, the Native Americans became starved and hungry because chemicals and silt destroyed the habitats of the animals they depended on.
Native Americans also became sick with diseases such as smallpox and influenza. Most of them died.
They were taken to be slaves and bonded workers.
Women and children were captured to be sold, and men were killed in mass attacks.
The Native American population decreased from 150,000 in 1845 to 30,000 in 1870.
Conflict with Native Americans
Miners saw Native Americans as obstacles and regularly attacked their villages.
Th Act of the Government and Protection Of Native Americans allowed the settlers to capture and use Native Americans as slaves and bonded workers.
There were also many conflicts with asian and spanish miners. 1 in 12 forty-niners died.
Dredging
Another type of gold mining is dredging:

Dredges extract gold from sand, gravel, and dirt using water and machines.
Excavators are use to retrieve the material and then place it in the trommel. All of which are located on the dredge/ship.
The material is sent through the trommel to separate the gold from the pay dirt. After the material has been processed it is dropped of the back of the dredge and back into the ocean.
Another way to dredge is by diving. The miners dive to the bottom of the ocean and suck the pay dirt up using a hose.
The material is then run through the trommel and then sent off the back of the dredge.
People who profited
Full transcript