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Quotes, Summary, & Paraphrase

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Allison Heard

on 8 February 2016

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Transcript of Quotes, Summary, & Paraphrase

Quotes, Summary, & Paraphrase
Sources
Quotation
Paraphrase
Summary
Sources
-Sources add credibility, present new viewpoints, and add necessary information

-Information and ideas taken from other people need to be cited to give credit to the original author

-Offers your reader access to the original source material
Content that must be cited:
-Quotations
-Paraphrases or summaries
-Ideas you gather from sources
-Facts that aren't widely known
-Graphs, tables or statistics
-Photographs, video or sound from a source
Content that does
NOT need citation:
-Your own observations, words, drawings, or other visuals you created

-Common knowledge

-Facts available through many sources
Signal Phrases
Signal Phrases
These verbs can be used to introduce quotations, paraphrases, and summaries:

-Accepts -Discusses
-Adds -Denies
-Acknowledges -Disagrees
-Argues -Notes
-Asks -Observes
-Believes -Proposes
-Claims -Replies
-Concludes -States
-Declares -Suggests


Quotation
-Quoting is used to place someone's exact words into your text

-You can use a full quote or integrate a shorter quote in to your text

-You must reproduce the source exactly, unless you add ellipses or modify the quotation using brackets


Example 1:
Which example is properly quoted?
(a) According to Kurt Loder, "
Zombieland
may be the first undead road-trip movie. The picture is light and breezy; it has a jaunty spirit" (91).

(b)
Zombieland
may be the first undead road-trip movie. The picture is light and breezy; it has a jaunty spirit, according to Kurt Loder.


Why?
Example 2:
Which example is properly quoted?
(a) According to Loder, certain parts of the 2008
Twilight
film were bound to fail because they were already "a tough sell in the novel".

(b) According to Loder, certain parts of the 2008
Twilight
film were bound to fail because they were already "a tough sell in the novel" (p. 191).
Why?
Additional Info.
-If you omit any information from a quote, indicate this omission by using ellipsis marks with space around each one ( . . . )

example: In his novel, Kurt Loder (2012) discusses
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End
, saying that the movie is "almost half an hour longer than the first film . . . dragging by like endless anchor chain" (p. 179).

-If you make any additions or changes to the quote, add brackets

example: Writing about the 2008 film,
The Dark Knight
, Kurt Loder (2012) argues that "[Ledger's] performance as the Joker bristles with unexpected twitches and tones, and it lightens the movie's thick, operatic texture" (p. 159).






Paraphrase
-Paraphrase is used to restate information from a source in your own words, using your own sentence structure

-Use this method when the information is important but the original wording is not

-A paraphrase is usually the same length, or longer, than the original
Example 1:
"Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is one of the darkest of the Potter books, and it's no surprise that the movie version is the darkest of the films to date."

-Kurt Loder, "The Good, The Bad, and The God-Awful", p. 184, 2012
Example 2:
"The picture looks great - director Chris Weitz and his town-size team of digital technicians have created a dazzling fantasy world of misty cities, gleaming dirigibles, and intricate steampunk gadgetry."

-Kurt Loder, "The Good, The Bad, and
The God-Awful", p. 6, 2012
Summary
-A summary states the main ideas found in a source concisely and in your own words

-Unlike the paraphrase, it does not present all details

-As brief as possible
Example 1:
Provide a brief summary of the following movie:
Example 1:
Provide a brief summary of the following movie:
Example 2:
Provide a brief summary of the following movie:
In-Class Practice
-Find quotes from your source material that you would like to use in your paper

-Choose which you would like to quote directly, summarize, or paraphrase

-Work through properly quoting, summarizing, or paraphrasing your chosen quotes

-Review work with a partner


Recap!
Sources: always cite the opinion or idea of an author
Signal words: look for certain words to signal that a quote, summary, or paraphrase is being used
Quotation: exact words are used when the author says something that cannot be reworded
Paraphrase: a detailed retelling of a point(s) that the author has made, general the same length as the original
Summary: a concise overview of the main points
of a text
When a summary, paraphrase, or quotation goes bad...
Example 2
Author: Alice Park
Date: 2014
Paragraph 1

"The first wave of people who were being monitored because they had direct contact with the first Ebola patient in the U.S. were declared free of the disease early Monday, an important step in the containment effort."
Use a signal phrase and the information provided to write a quote.
How would you you omit information from this quote?
"The news of Voynov’s arrest comes amidst significant controversy around the issue of domestic violence in the NFL stemming from the arrest of former Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice."

Ben Estes, 2014, Paragraph 7
Example 3:
"Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes."

James Lester, 1976, p. 71
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