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Young Adults and Prescription Drug Abuse and Misuse

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jessie roush

on 24 May 2013

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Transcript of Young Adults and Prescription Drug Abuse and Misuse

Young Adults and Prescription Drug Abuse and Misuse About Me Bachelor's of Education from The University of Florida, 2009 Current Master of Public Health Student, Class of 2013 Developer
of
Stop The Pop,
a Prescription Abuse Prevention Effort/Prospective Nonprofit, 2012 Outline Introduction
Drug Classifications
Why are Young Adults Abusing RX?
Implications of RX Abuse and Misuse
Warning signs and Risk Factors of RX Abuse and Misuse
Conclusion Discussion Question
What does this mean for the
future of our country? Drug Classifications

* RX misuse before the age of 16 may lead to greater misuse later in life. *
* Between 92 and 2003, teen RX abuse increased by 212% * Opioids Central Nervous
System Depressants Stimulants -Oxycodone (Oxycontin, percodan, percocet)
-Propoxyphene (Darvon)
-Hyrdocondone (Vikoden, Lortab)
-Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
-Meperidin. (Demerol)
-Diphenoxylate (Lomotil)
-Codeine
-Fetanyl (Duragesic)
-Methadone Prescribed for: Post surgical pain relief

Management of acute or chronic pain

Cough/diarrhea relief Reactions:
Opioids get attached to opioid receptors in the spinal cord and brain. Short Term Effects:
Pain relief
Drowsiness
Constipation
Slower breathing Long Term Effects
Physical dependency and addiction
Severe respiratory depression
Death from large doses Barbiturates:
Mephobarbital (Mebaral)
Pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal)

Benzodiazepines:
Diazepam (Valium)
Chloradiazepoxide hydrochloride (Librium)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Triazolam (Halcion)
Estrazolam (Prosom)
Clonazepam (Klonopin)
Lorazepam (Ativan)

Sleep Medications:
Zolpidem (Ambien)
Zalepon (Sonata)
Eszopiclone (Lunesta) Prescribed for:
Anxiety
Tension
Panic attacks
Acute stress relief
Sleep disorders
Anesthesia Reactions:
Slows brain activity through GABA systems activity which produces a calming effect Short Term Effects:
Elevated blood pressure
Increased heart rate
Increased breathing
Suppressed appetite
Sleep deprivation Long Term Effects:
Physical dependance and addiction
Dangerously high body temperature
Irregular heartbeat after large doses
Heart attack
Lethal seizures
Paranoia and hostile feelings Street Names Street Names Prescribed for: Stimulants Reactions Street names Dextroamphetamine
(Dexedrine and Adderall)

Methylphenidate
(Ritaline and Concerta) Narcolepsy

ADHD/Attention Disorders

Depression unresponsive to other treatment Why are Young Adults Abusing RX?


* RX are readily available and affordable

* They are hoping to relieve anxiety and sleep problems

* They are using for concentration enhancement and weight loss

* They are using to get high More reasons why How they are abusing RX? Who's abusing? Misconceptions
And Beliefs Implications of RX Abuse Warning Signs
and
Risk Factors

How to get friends help
http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/

Helpful resources
http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_rx1.php



http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_rx1.php



Drug disposal Program
http://medicineabuseproject.org/pages/dispose-of-unused-medicine-find-a-take-back-location Help me out?!? "It's safer"

"It's cleaner"

"It's more
socially accepted" Crushing Snorting Injecting Smoking More frequent or higher doses than instructed skippy the smart drug Vitamin R Black Beauties Uppers Bennies Speed Roses Hearts Stimulants enhance the effects of dopamine and noepinephrine in the body and brain. Hillbilly Heroin
OC
Oxy
Percs fdhjfbsdhjfbhjfdhfjbdsf Introduction barbs
reds
yellows
yellow jackets
candy
downers
a-minus
zombies Conclusion Discussion Question:
Can you list other reasons young adults might be abusing RX? Family and friend relationships

Financial burden

Gaining a criminal background

Long term health problems

Increased risk of future dependancy

Limited Potential Discussion Question:
Can you list any other potential consequences of RX abuse?
Self-reported poor mental
and/or physical health

Delinquency

Risk taking/Sensation seeking

Other drug use

Weak parental bonds

Weak attachment to school

Peer drug abuse and delinquency Risk Factors Signs and Symptoms Hyperactivity
Shaking
Sweating
Dilated pupils
Fast or irregular heart beat
Elevated body temperature
Seizures
Paranoia/nervousness
Repetitive behaviors
Loss of appetite
Sudden weight loss
Homicidal Tendencies
Suicidal Tendencies
Restlessness
Anxiety
Delusions
Hostility/Aggression
Panic
Auditory/Visual Hallucinations Stimulants W
a
r
n
i
n
g Loss of coordination
Respiratory depression
Slowed reflexes
Slurred speech
Coma
Poor concentration
Confusion
Sensory alteration
Impaired judgment
Lowered inhibitions
Depression
Fatigue
Irritability CNS Depressants Signs and Symptoms Warning Opioids Warning Signs and Symptoms Sleep deprivation
Nodding
Pinpoint/Constricted Pupils
Watery or droopy eyes
Inability to concentrate
Apathy
Lack of Energy
Flushing of face and neck
Vomiting
Respiratory Depression Overdose Symptoms:
Pinpoint pupils
Cold/clammy skin
Confusion
Convulsions
Severe drowsiness
Slow/troubled breathing Overdose symptoms:
Seizures
Delirium
clammy skin
irregular pulse
shallow breathing
Coma Overdose Symptoms:
High fever
Convulsions
Heart Failure Withdrawal Symptoms:
Loss of sleep
Depression
Fatigue
Apathy Withdrawal Symptoms:
Anxiety
Insomnia
Muscle Tremors
Loss of Appetite
Convulsions
Delirium
Coma
Irregular brain activity, potentially leading to seizures Withdrawal Symptoms:
Restlessness
Muscle/Bone pain
Insomnia
Diarrhea
Vomiting
Cold flashes
Involuntary leg movement 80's
Vikings
Happy Pills
Vikes Benzos
Xanies
Xani-bars
Xani-bombs
Roofies
Tranks References Presentation by: Jessie Roush Media Influence "Gnarly, radical, on the block I'm magical
See me at your college campus baggie full of Adderalls
Call me if you need a fix, call me if you need a boost"
--Kreayshawn on "Gucci Gucci" 2011 Pop one pop two two halves thats three
Aint no waffle house baby hell I cant eat
........
Got a party pack of pillz thats at least bout 40
ill pour dem in your hand like a bag of jelly beans
take two of these pillz call me in the morning
Fifty thousand pillz man Im so real
Three dollars for a pill thats a damn good deal

- Gucci on "Pills (B**** I might Be)" 10 minutes, 20 minutes, 30 minutes feelin' funny butterflies
My eyes dilate another size
.......
I pop another pill and Imma take a sip of Caribou to wash it down
Ya thinkin' Imma overdose
T9X- Tech Nine Soma is what they would take when
Hard times opened their eyes
Saw pain in a new way
High stakes for a few names
.......
Tried it once and they like it
Then tried to hide it
Says, "I've been doing this 25 years"
But I'm not listening no more
And these friends, they keep asking for more
-Soma by The Strokes "Jumpin' off of a mountain into a sea of Codeine
....
Pop, pop, I feel like flying
......
I am a prisoner, locked up behind Xanax bars"

-Lil Wayne in "I Feel Like Dying" "I'm a Pill Poppin Animal"
- Lil Wayne in Pill Poppin Animal Go on and slip me two Xanax Bars - I'm ready to git fool
....
Oxycontin in my system - man I'm feeling kinda strange
.....
By now it's 1:30 am - 11 Percocets just entered me
15 minutes from this second - I'll be crawling on my knees
.....
Take another Loritab to calm me down and let me see
Body be relaxed - muscles be loose, and you have stopped the pain
......
Oxycontin - Xanax Bars - Percocets and Loritab
Valiums - Morphine
....
A powerful pill they call Oxy Cotton
.....
I prefer the orange's with the black O-C
Take two and you cannot move up out ya seat

Some people melt 'em down in a needle and shoot 'em up

But I pop 'em with seroquel like glue, I am stuck

See I'ma pill popper - so I'ma keep poppin' 'em
Gimme 20 Xanax and I'ma start droppin' 'em

- Lil Wyte in "Oxy Cotton" Websites:
http://www.talkaboutrx.org/documents/TAP2009_WarningSigns.pdf

http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k11/DAWN/2k9DAWNED/HTML/DAWN2k9ED.htm#Sect4.1

http://www.theantidrug.com/drug-information/otc-prescription-drug-abuse/prescription-drug-rx-abuse/prescription-depressants.aspx

http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_rx1.php

http://www.theantidrug.com/drug-information/otc-prescription-drug-abuse/prescription-drug-rx-abuse/painkillers.aspx

http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_rx1.php


http://medicineabuseproject.org/pages/dispose-of-unused-medicine-find-a-take-back-location

http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/

http://www.theroot.com/views/hip-hop-drugs-story?page=0,3

http://www.nogenremusic.com/?cat=322

http://www.metrolyrics.com/pillz-bitch-i-might-be-lyrics-gucci-mane.html

http://www.metrolyrics.com/pillz-bitch-i-might-be-lyrics-gucci-mane.html

http://www.sing365.com/music/lyric.nsf/T9X-lyrics-Tech-N9ne/BCC0531D3F9F275B48256CF60008D501

http://blog.therealtechn9ne.com/2011/05/tech-n9ne/best-of-old-tech-n9ne/

http://www.lyrics007.com/The%20Strokes%20Lyrics/Soma%20Lyrics.html

http://www.ourstage.com/blog/2011/11/5/the-black-rabbits-vs-the-strokes

http://www.metrolyrics.com/i-feel-like-dying-lyrics-lil-wayne.html

http://www.metrolyrics.com/pill-poppin-animal-lyrics-lil-wayne.html

http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/lilwyte/oxycotton.html

http://www.djbooth.net/index/interviews/entry/lil-wyte-interview-060807/ Academic Journal Articles:
Resonant Messages to Prevent Prescription Drug Misuse by Teens. Twombly, Eric C. ; Holtz, Kristen D. ; Agnew, Christine B. THE CURRENT STATE OF TEENAGE DRUG ABUSE: TREND TOWARD PRESCRIPTION DRUGS
June 2008 by Paula Apa Adolescent Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use by Jason Ford Non-medical use of prescription drugs among Mississippi youth: Constitutional, psychological, and family factors by Wianaa

SAMHAS Dawn Data Users can become dependent in as little as 7 days of use www.facebook.com/helpstopthepop Personal experience
with friend and family members' addiction battles Drugs are disposed of by incineration at an approved disposal facility.

Three reasons disposing of drugs properly is critical to personal and public health and safety:
1. Pollution prevention
2. Poisoning/Accident prevention
3. Crime prevention Graph shows 18-29 year olds are the leading demographic for ER visits for RX Misuse Females more commonly in the ER for RX misuse than males

Reason for the discrepancy? Availability Affordability Recreational Use Self Medicating Self Medicating Self Medicating Self Medicating Availability These methods of administration prevent the drug from performing in the way that it was designed to structurally, causing medication to enter the body at a much faster rate. Additional Resource:

Www.Prezi.com

Free to Students and Teachers, or anyone with an academic-based email address FREE! Free! Free! Free. :) Nikolas Nevin Niko and Uncle Ryan Kyra I got a candle
And I've got a spoon
I live in a hallway with no doors
And no rooms
........
Someone save me if you will
And take away all these pills
And please just save me if you can
From my blasphemy in my wasteland How did I get here
And what went wrong
Couldn't handle forgiveness
Now I'm far beyond gone

I can hardly remember
The look of my own eyes
How can I love this a life so dishonest
It made me compromise Save Me- ShineDown
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