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Kristofer Waldner

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Alcohol

A colourless volatile flammable
liquid, that is the intoxicating
constituent of wine, beer and
What is
of americans consume
binge drink 4 times a month
Binge drinking is the act of drinking alcoholic beverages with the primary
intention of becoming intoxicated
by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time
apparently Americans
really love the stuff
That is
But Why?
Why people drink
Alcohol is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. It is so popular because it changes the way you feel and think, very quickly and very well. But how? How could the injestion of such a simple liquid, change your thoughts, actions and perception so drastically?
When alcohol enters your body it begins to interact with your neurons or brain cells.

Brain cells communicate with each other by using chemical messengers called neurotransmitters.

These cells use two different neurotransmitters to send messages.
These two signals are like the on and off signals in a computer. And just like a computer these two can be combined to form immensely complicated programs. Movement, thoughts, and feelings.
The primary function of glutamate is to get brain cells fired up. It stimulates them so they can do important things like learning new information or forming memories
The primary function of GABA is to calm your brain. It's also involved in sleep, relaxation, anxiety regulation and muscle function. It also helps regulate the flow of Glutimate.
Watch and we will help you understanding your drunken stupor, from the brain's perspective.
Alcohol, when drunk excessively, increases the effects of the inhibitor transmitter Gaba, and inhibits the excitetory transmitter Glutamate. This causes all the sluggish movements and slurred speech associated with drunkenness.
In addition to this, alcohol also increases the amount of the chemical 'dopamine' in the brain's reward center, which creates the feeling of pleasure that occurs when someone takes a drink.
did you know?
As all seasoned alcoholics will know. there is a price to pay for a night of drinking and revelry.
I bet all
14 million
of them
regret it the next day!
is the ill effects caused by drinking an excess of alcohol.
is generally experienced in the morning after a night of heavy drinking. The most common characteristics of hangovers are;
- headache
- nausea
- sensitivity to light and noise
- lethargy
- dysphoria
- diarrhea
- thirst
What causes Hangovers
Have you ever wondered what actually causes the headaches, the stomach irritation, and the endless need for the toilet?
In addition, it is thought that the presence of Congeners exaggerate all the above. Congeners are substances produced during fermentation. These substances include small amounts of chemicals like acetone (propane) and esters. Congeners are known to contribute to the symptoms of alcohol.
When you consume alcohol, your body senses that the alcohol is a harmful chemical and realizes that it must get rid of it. It tries to get rid of the chemical by having you urinate it out. This also eliminates a lot of the water in your body, causing dehydration. That will give you a sensation of lightheadedness.

Drinking alcohol raises the rate by which the body produces stomach acid, and it also slows the rate by which the stomach empties itself. This combination can lead to vomiting, nausea and stomach aches.
Stomach irritation
The arteries also dilate when you drink. This means, not enough oxygen is getting to the brain, which causes headaches.
Dilated arteries
Health Drinker
The health drinkers drink to maintain their health, or to give them an inner sense of peace.
The Drinker
They will drink mainly on social occasions, to help them relax with friends and colleagues.
They are the opposite of social drinkers. They are the type that go to the bar for some fun, and are loud and 'crazy'.
They're loud and brazen after the drinks.
They drink (obviously) under the legal drinking age.
They're putting themselves in danger.
Binge Drinker
They don't drink for extended periods of time, and then suddenly drink a lot at one time.
More likely for you to cause alcoholic poisoning (which can be fatal).
They have no control over their drinking habits.
Will find it hard to cope with problems without their regular drinks.
They drink sparingly.
They drink to help them relax, like before they go to bed.
They'd typically drink red wine, as it has healthy oxidants, and, in modesty, is good for you.
They are not dependable on the alcohol to calm them.
They drink mainly on social events.
They drink slowly.
They drink the alcohol as a 'dessert', not as a main part of a meal.
Tend to gain weight around the mid-section.
They drink very strong drinks, very often.
Will have problems keeping jobs.
The sometimes think that they deserve to drink extra because they've gone without for some time.
Can cause uncontrollable mood swings.
It's expensive and addictive.
Is very likely to lead them to alcoholism.
They'll be effected more by the alcohol. Their young bodies might not be able to handle the after-effects.
It's illegal to drink under the legal drinking age. They can get into probation or get jail time if caught.
They become impaired. If they were tested while driving, they'd be called a DUI driver.
They'd forget what happened the previous night (or day) when they'd been drinking.
If you must drink...
Every year over;
People die alcohol related deaths
There are many
different types
of drinkers. The main ones are;
Full transcript