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plant cells and animal cells

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Doug Pritt

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of plant cells and animal cells

An animal cell is a form of eukaryotic cell. It is made up of many tissues. Animal cells appear to be circular. cell eukaryote (nucleus) prokaryote (no nucleus) bacteria endoplasmic reticulum cytoplasm nucleolus nucleus nuclear membrane ribosomes cell membrane mitochondria golgi bodies cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
vacuole
chloroplasts
mitochondria
golgi bodies
endoplasmic
ribosomes
nucleus
nucleolus
nuclear membrane plant cells animal cells cell wall that helps the plant keep its structure chloroplast: keeps the chorophyll both cells what the plant cells do The cell membrane controls what enters and leaves the cell, allowing the cell to absorb the oxygen and nutrients it needs to function and also protects the cell from most dangerous chemicals. It is vital because the cell needs to be able to control its oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. The nucleus is a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction. It is commonly the most prominent organelle in the cell.

Mitochondria are the cell's power producers. They convert energy into forms that are usable by the cell. Located in the cytoplasm, they are the sites of cellular respiration which ultimately generates fuel for the cell's activities. Mitochondria are also involved in other cell processes such as cell division and growth, as well as cell death. A vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal and bacterial cells.Vacuoles are essentially enclosed compartments which are filled with water containing inorganic and organic molecules including enzymes in solution, though in certain cases they may contain solids which have been engulfed. Vacuoles are formed by the fusion of multiple membrane vesicles and are effectively just larger forms of these.The organelle has no basic shape or size; its structure varies according to the needs of the cell.

The function and importance of vacuoles varies greatly according to the type of cell in which they are present, having much greater prominence in the cells of plants, fungi and certain protists than those of animals and bacteria. In general, the functions of the vacuole include: The general structure of the endoplasmic reticulum is a membranous network of cisternae (sac-like structures) held together by the cytoskeleton. The phospholipid membrane encloses a space, the cisternal space (or lumen), which is continuous with the perinuclear space but separate from the cytosol. The functions of the endoplasmic reticulum vary greatly depending on its cell type, cell function, and cell needs. The ER can even modify to change over time in response to cell needs. The three most common varieties are called rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, and sarcoplasmic reticulum.

The quantity of RER and SER in a cell can slowly interchange from one type to the other, depending on changing metabolic needs. Transformation can include embedment of new proteins in membrane as well as structural changes. Massive changes may also occur in protein content without noticeable structural changes. The Nucleolus is where ribosomes are made. Ribosomes are made up of RNA and several proteins, and they are a necessary part in the synthesis of proteins. An interesting fact about the nucleolus is that they disappear during cell reproduction. This is probably because the need for ribosomes disappears during cell reproduction. Nuclear membrane acts as a physical barrier, separating the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm. It is a semipermeable membrane and allows transport of substances in and out of nucleus. Its inner membrane is involved in protein synthesis.
Kind of like a filter cell Walls are only found in plant cells. It is made out of a non-living-cellulose (cellulose is found in celery). The cell wall also gives protection to the cell membrane and the cell in general.
it protects the cell from being shapeless
also the cell wall protects the cell from getting viruses.
Like a castle protecting the people inside it - it works in the same format.
but also the cell wall is the outer layer of the cell membrane Chloroplasts are found in plant cells and capture light energy for the process of photosynthesis. Because chloroplasts contain chlorophyll, they are green in color and work to convert energy gathered from sunlight into sugars. Learning about chloroplasts should focus on their size and shape, where they are located, their structure and their purpose. Nuclear membrane acts as a physical barrier, separating the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm. It is a semipermeable membrane and allows transport of substances in and out of nucleus. Its inner membrane is involved in protein synthesis.
Kind of like a filter The Nucleolus is where ribosomes are made. Ribosomes are made up of RNA and several proteins, and they are a necessary part in the synthesis of proteins. An interesting fact about the nucleolus is that they disappear during cell reproduction. This is probably because the need for ribosomes disappears during cell reproduction. All living cells contain ribosomes, tiny organelles composed of approximately 60 percent ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and 40 percent protein. However, though they are generally described as organelles, it is important to note that ribosomes are not bound by a membrane and are much smaller than other organelles. Some cell types may hold a few million ribosomes, but several thousand is more typical. The organelles require the use of an electron microscope to be visually detected. All living cells contain ribosomes, tiny organelles composed of approximately 60 percent ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and 40 percent protein. However, though they are generally described as organelles, it is important to note that ribosomes are not bound by a membrane and are much smaller than other organelles. Some cell types may hold a few million ribosomes, but several thousand is more typical. The organelles require the use of an electron microscope to be visually detected. The general structure of the endoplasmic reticulum is a membranous network of cisternae (sac-like structures) held together by the cytoskeleton. The phospholipid membrane encloses a space, the cisternal space (or lumen), which is continuous with the perinuclear space but separate from the cytosol. The functions of the endoplasmic reticulum vary greatly depending on its cell type, cell function, and cell needs. The ER can even modify to change over time in response to cell needs. The three most common varieties are called rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, and sarcoplasmic reticulum.

The quantity of RER and SER in a cell can slowly interchange from one type to the other, depending on changing metabolic needs. Transformation can include embedment of new proteins in membrane as well as structural changes. Massive changes may also occur in protein content without noticeable structural changes. The general structure of the endoplasmic reticulum is a membranous network of cisternae (sac-like structures) held together by the cytoskeleton. The phospholipid membrane encloses a space, the cisternal space (or lumen), which is continuous with the perinuclear space but separate from the cytosol. The functions of the endoplasmic reticulum vary greatly depending on its cell type, cell function, and cell needs. The ER can even modify to change over time in response to cell needs. The three most common varieties are called rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, and sarcoplasmic reticulum.

The quantity of RER and SER in a cell can slowly interchange from one type to the other, depending on changing metabolic needs. Transformation can include embedment of new proteins in membrane as well as structural changes. Massive changes may also occur in protein content without noticeable structural changes. A vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protists, animal and bacterial cells.Vacuoles are essentially enclosed compartments which are filled with water containing inorganic and organic molecules including enzymes in solution, though in certain cases they may contain solids which have been engulfed. Vacuoles are formed by the fusion of multiple membrane vesicles and are effectively just larger forms of these.The organelle has no basic shape or size; its structure varies according to the needs of the cell.

The function and importance of vacuoles varies greatly according to the type of cell in which they are present, having much greater prominence in the cells of plants, fungi and certain protists than those of animals and bacteria. In general, the functions of the vacuole include:

Mitochondria are the cell's power producers. They convert energy into forms that are usable by the cell. Located in the cytoplasm, they are the sites of cellular respiration which ultimately generates fuel for the cell's activities. Mitochondria are also involved in other cell processes such as cell division and growth, as well as cell death. The nucleus is a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction. It is commonly the most prominent organelle in the cell. The cytoplasm is the liquidy substance that is in between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is known to contain vital organelles (organs) of a cell The cell membrane controls what enters and leaves the cell, allowing the cell to absorb the oxygen and nutrients it needs to function and also protects the cell from most dangerous chemicals. It is vital because the cell needs to be able to control its oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. what the animal cells do

Tree resin which has been fossilized is known as amber, it sometimes contains plant material or small animals that were trapped inside. More tree facts for kids.

Some plants are carnivores, gaining nutrients by eating various small insects and spiders. A well known example of a carnivorous plant is the Venus Flytrap.

Bamboo can be a fast growing plant, some types can grow almost a metre (3.28 feet) in just one day!

While using energy from sunlight, plants turn carbon dioxide into food in a process called photosynthesis.

Around 2000 different types of plants are used by humans to make food.

Onions might taste good but they can be painful to chop. A gas is released when you cut onions that irritates you eyes, the tears you produce while this happens are your body’s way of washing it from your eyes.

In the agricultural industry, to ensure crops of food grow well water is often added to soil in the form of irrigation.

Plant matter found at the bottom of areas with water such as swamps can eventually turn into coal due to a process called metamorphosis (changing form).

There are over 200,000 identified plant species and the list is growing all the time.

Poison ivy produces a skin irritant called urushiol. Touching poison ivy will cause an allergic reaction, usually in the form of an itchy rash on the skin.

Fertilizers are chemicals added to plants to help them grow. Important elements in fertilizers include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Manure (animal waste) is also used as a fertilizer. PLANT FUN FACTS There are presently over a million animal species upon planet earth.

The reptiles have 6,000 species crawling in their habitats; and more are discovered each year.

There are over 70,000 types of spiders spinning their webs in the world.

Well, there are 3,000 kinds of lice. Yes, it is the lice we are prone to get due to lack of hair hygiene.

This is a mind-boggling fact – for each of the 600 million people there is about 200 million insects crawling, flying...

Mammals are the only creatures that have flaps around their ears.

The world has approximately one billion cattle, of which about 200 million belong to India.

The life of a housefly is only 14 days.

A dog was the first animal to up in space.

A sheep, a duck and a rooster were the first animals to fly in a hot air balloon. The oldest breed of a dog known to mankind is the ‘Saluki’.

An ostrich is the fastest bird and can run up to 70 km/h.

Never get a camel angry, for he or she will spit at you.

There are crabs that are the size of a pea. There are known as ‘Pea Crabs’.

The lifespan of 75 percent of wild birds is 6 months.

Denmark has twice as many pigs as there are people.

You do not need cotton buds to clean a giraffe ears. It can do so with its own 50cm-tongue.

Want to known the appetite of a South American Giant Anteater? Well it eats over 30,000 ants, per day.

The sailfish can swim at the speed of 109 km/h, making it the fastest swimmer.

The Sea Horse is the slowest fish, drifting at approximately 0.016 km/h.

The small car on the road is probably the size of the heart of a blue whale.

The length of an elephant is the same as the tongue of a blue whale.

The crocodile's tongue is unmovable, as it is attached to the roof of its mouth. each animal cell, (including our own cells) is important because each cell has a certain job for everything going around in your body. if u didn't have cells you wouldn't be able to see, smell, hear, feel, sleep, etc. there are all different types of cells with different colors and jobs. they all have a totally different job to others. the reason cells are important to animals FUN ANIMAL FACTS because it helps it to respire and to do photosynthesis. the reason cells are important to plants BY. DOUG PRITT AND JUSTIN BELL THE END What is the main difference between plant and animal cells? 1.Plant cells are larger than animal cells.
2.Plant cells have chloroplasts unlike animal cells
3.Plant cells have a cell wall unlike animal cells.
4.Animal cells have a lot of lysosomes unlike plant cells.
5.Animal cells have a centrosome unlike plant cells
6.Plant cells have plasticids unlike animal cells
7.Vacuoles are conspicuous in plant cells than animal cells i.e. large central vacuole in plant cells
8. Animal cells can be phagocytic (engulf other cells) unlike plant cells
9.Cells of Higher plants lack centrioles unlike animal cells.
10.Plant cells have plasmodesmata which links pores in the cell wall allow and communication between adjacent cells unlike animal cells SIMILARITIES:
1. They both have DNA as their genetic material.
2. They are both membrane bound.
3. They both have ribosomes .
4. They have similar basic metabolism .
5. They are both amazingly diverse in forms.

DIFERENCES:
1. eukaryotes have a nucleus, while prokaryotes do not
2. eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles, while prokaryotes do not. The organelles of eukaryotes allow them to exhibit much higher levels of intracellular division of labor than is possible in prokaryotic cells.
3. Eukaryotic cells are, on average, ten times the size of prokaryotic cells.
4. The DNA of eukaryotes is much more complex and therefore much more extnsive than the DNA of prokaryotes.
5. Prokaryotes have a cell wall composed of peptidoglycan, a single large polymer of amino acids and sugar . Many types of eukaryotic cells also have cell walls, but none made of peptidoglycan.
6. The DNA of prokaryotes floats freely around the cell; the DNA of eukaryotes is held within its nucleus and associated with histones (proteins)
7. Eukaryotes undergo mitosis; prokaryotes divide by binary fission (simple cell division) prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Plant and animal cells are different. Animal cells have these parts: Nucleus, cell membrane, vacuoles, mitochondria, and cytoplasm.

The nucleus is like a person's brain. It tells the cell how to do its job. The membrane is like skin. It lets things in and out of the cell. Vacuoles store water for the cell. They also store waste products. Cytoplasm is like water or liquid and fills the inside of the cell. It holds the other parts of the cell in place. Mitochondria break down food molecules to give the cell energy.

Plant cells have these parts: Nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, vacuole, chloroplast, cytoplasm, and mitochondria.

The nucleus is like the brain. It has the instructions to tell the cell how to do its job. The membrane is like skin. It lets things in and out of the cell. The wall is like the membrane, but is thicker. It gives the cell shape. It also lets good things in and keeps bad things out of the cell. The vacuole has water and waste materials. Chloroplast holds the chlorophyll that lets the plant make its food. Cytoplasm fills the inside of the cell. It's a liquid and helps hold all of the other parts of the cell in place. Mitochondria break down food molecules to give the cell energy. A list of plant cells The vacuoles of plant cells are multifunctional organelles that are central to cellular strategies of plant development. They share some of their basic properties with the vacuoles of algae and yeast and the lysosomes of animal cells. They are lytic compartments, function as reservoirs for ions and metabolites, including pigments, and are crucial to processes of detoxification and general cell homeostasis. They are involved in cellular responses to environmental and biotic factors that provoke stress. In the vegetative organs of the plant, they act in combination with the cell wall to generate turgor, the driving force for hydraulic stiffness and growth. In seeds and specialized storage tissues, they serve as sites for storing reserve proteins and soluble carbohydrates. In this way, vacuoles serve physical and metabolic functions that are essential to plant life thank you for watching has a skeleton, so they don't need cells walls. has a single vacuole has a lot of vacuoles which store the nutrients straight cells curvy cells no chloroplast, they do not make their own food. They hunt and gather their own food. makes glugclos makes photosynthisis: turns suns energy into food for the plant. Cell Membrane: Keeps all the bad stuff out! Cytoplasm: jell like and helps organelles of the cell move around Vacuole: stores food mitochondria: prepares the food: like a McDonalds Oven or a microwave! Golgi Bodies: packages the food and sends it throughout the bidy (the Fed Ex Delivery Guy) 1.Plant cells are larger than animal cells.
2.Plant cells have chloroplasts unlike animal cells
3.Plant cells have a cell wall unlike animal cells.
4.Animal cells have a lot of lysosomes unlike plant cells.
5.Animal cells have a centrosome unlike plant cells
6.Plant cells have plasticids unlike animal cells
7.Vacuoles are conspicuous in plant cells than animal cells i.e. large central vacuole in plant cells
8. Animal cells can be phagocytic (engulf other cells) unlike plant cells
9.Cells of Higher plants lack centrioles unlike animal cells.
10.Plant cells have plasmodesmata which links pores in the cell wall allow and communication between adjacent cells unlike animal cells Plant cells are larger Animal cells are smaller How plant and animal cells are alike plant cells animal cell A plant cell is made up of eukaryite cells
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