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Section 3, Chapter 10 - Birth of the Republican Party

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by

Tom Waranavage

on 13 January 2016

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Transcript of Section 3, Chapter 10 - Birth of the Republican Party

TYPE 1
SLAVERY DIVIDES THE WHIGS
LIBERTY PARTY
Forerunner of Republican Party

Opposed extension of slavery into territories

Failed to win any electoral votes in 1848
Received 10% of popular vote
Northerners opposed extension of slavery into territories
What advantages are there to having the two political party system we have today?

What would be the advantages and disadvantages if there were more than two major parties?
Northern and Southern Whigs divided over:
Fugitive Slave Act
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Southern Whigs sought a Pro-Slavery, Pro-Union party to join
Northern Whigs sought an alternate party
FREE SOIL PARTY
Birth of the Republican Party
What new political parties emerged as the North and South forged new political alliances?
What were the reasons that led voters to align with a particular political party?
Forerunner of Republican Party

Abolitionist party

Goal:
Pass laws supporting abolition of slavery

Impact:
Won enough votes to sway election of 1844 to James K. Polk
KNOW-NOTHING PARTY
Believed in:

Nativism – favoring of native-born Americans over immigrants
Anti-immigrant
Anti-Catholic

Like Whigs
Split over issue of slavery
REPUBLICAN PARTY
July 6, 1854

Who:

Northern Whigs, Liberty party, anti-slavery Democrats, Know-Nothings, & Free-Soilers

(Issue – SLAVERY)
Basic Belief:

Opposed expansion of slavery into territories

Bleeding Kansas and Brooks-Sumner Caning gave Republicans base they needed to compete with Democrats
ELECTION OF 1856
JOHN C. FREMONT


REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE


MAPPED OREGON TRAIL


LED US TROOPS IN CALIFORNIA VERSUS MEXICO


WON 11 0F 16 FREE STATES
JAMES BUCHANAN

DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE

(PENNSYLVANIA)

NORTHERNER

SOUTHERN FRIENDS IN
WASHINGTON

WON ENTIRE SOUTH EXCEPT
MARYLAND

WON PRESIDENCY
Importance of Election of 1856
Democrats could win Presidency with
a national candidate
Candidate who could compete in North without alienating the South



Republican party was a political force in North
How did James Buchanan win the Election of 1856?
Full transcript