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Intentional and Unintentional Communication
Transcript of Intentional and Unintentional Communication
Communication Opposing Views/Arguements What makes Communication Intentional? What makes communication "Unintentional"? How important is this matter to PRE-LINGUISTICS? Arc of Distortion Communication can be Intentional
and Unintentional To get our point across
To persuade another
To prompt and action
Or simply have fun UNINTENTIONAL communication occurs when children do something that helps others to understand how they are feeling or what they need without communicating on purpose UNINTENTIONAL - are not purposeful, but may be transmitted by action as well as by words. INTENTIONAL: Something that is done with intention or on purpose.
Intentional Communication can be called "CONSCIOUS COMMUNICATION"
-this implies that we are speaking with awareness of our purpose and its effect on others. -often times these are messages that are conveyed in NON-VERBAL communication. -these are messages that were not intended to be sent or were not intended for the individual who received it. the gap between what we intend to communicate & what is actually received. Motley (1990)- argued that only intentional messages are qualified as communication. Bavelas (1990) - however argued that it is impossible to not communicate because both deliberate & unintentional behavior sends a message. *Unintentional Messages are always present when intentional communication is taking place & it will affect the way in which the intended message is believed. *Many authors stress that the participants in any communication event are highly dependent on one another. ex. Smile = enjoynment
turning away = disinterest/dislike INTENTIONAL communication however is highly regarded and important to Pre-Linguistics SEVEN LEVELS OF COMMUNICATION: 1. Pre-Intentional Behavior - not under the individuals control.
2. Intentional Behavior - behavior is under the individual's control but it is not yet used to communicate intentionally.
3. Unconventional Communication - (Intentional Communication Begins Here) pre-symbolic behaviors are used to intentionally communicate.
4. Conventional Communication - pre-symbolic behaviors are used to communicate intentionally. Symbols used are socially acceptable and may be used as we mature.
5. Concrete Symbols - symbols that are concrete physically resembles what they represent.
6. Abstract Symbols - Such as speech, manual signs, brailled or printed words are used to communicate.
7. Language DECEPTIVE COMMUNICATION CAN BE INTENTIONAL OR UNINTENTIONAL Intentional - because it deliberately conceals, and deceives. Unintentional - Can occur depending on a number of factors based on lack of context and equivocation. Deceptive Communication - Concealment, exaggeration, equivocation, half-truths, irony and misdirection. (Bullen, Bugoon, Buslig& Roiger (1994) - Aims to avoid revealing some facts either to the self or others. *RESULTS: confusion, misunderstanding or humor (e.g. irony). UNINTENTIONAL OR INTENTIONAL COMMUNICATION CAN BE BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION -Prejudgment of the sender & intended message as it is received.
-Differences in perception
-Receiving conflicting messages
-Individual differences in encoding &decoding (based upon individual's field of experience.
-misinterpretation of nonverbal communication
-lack of feedback & clarification AVOIDING UNINTENTIONAL COMMUNICATION = AVOIDING CONFLICTS Think before you speak - practice developing mindfulness about what you say, when you say it and why.
Develop skill around your body language habits - especially the tone of your voice.
Watch your words
Notice what you are feeling in all of your communication