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India's Heroic Age (3000 BC - 200 AD)

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Willie Acido

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of India's Heroic Age (3000 BC - 200 AD)

India's Heroic Age (3000 BC - 200 AD)
900 The Sanskrit Upanishads, dialogues and meditation of
philosophers on the nature of existence, the soul, and the universe
700 Homer's
lliad
and
Odyssey
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550 Valmiki's Sanskrit poem The Ramayana, a heroic epic recounting the deeds of the north Indian prince Rama
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1500 -1200B.C Composition of the Rig Veda, oldest of the four
Vedas
, texts of hymns and chants in an archaic form of the Sanskrit language, for the fire sacrifice of the Aryan Vedic religion
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3000-1500 B.C. Indus Valley civilization flourishes in urban centers; Writing in use
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1500 Aryan tribes speaking Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, enter India via e northwest and settle in the Indus Valley
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700 Emergence of kingdoms and republics in northern India
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563 -483 Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, preaches in Pali, a dialect related to Sanskrit, ; establishes an order of monks and nuns and spread his new religion in the Ganges River Valley in north India; Mahavira, Buddhas contemporary, founds Jainism, a religion emphasizing non-violence and asceticism.
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480-400 Aeschylus, Sophocles, and puripides
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326 Alexander of Macedon invades India
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400 B.C. -400A.D. The Sanskrit epic the Mahabharata, the narrative of a great war among north Indian clansmen, takes shape
269-232 Asoka Maurya, emperor of India, spreads Buddhism in Sri Lanka, patronizes Buddhist art, and issues royal edicts and praise of Buddhist ethics in Pankrit, spoken dialects related to Sanskrit.
400 Panini writes the
Astadhyayi
(eight chapters), the authoritative grammar of the Sanskrit language and a model for modern linguistic science
200 Beginning of Buddhist cave sanctuaries and art at Ajanta in western India, and of the Hindu Bhagavata cult of devotion to a personal God
400 early version of the
Jataka
, a collection of stories about the Buddha in the spoken dialect known as Pali
90 The Sakas, a Scythian tribe from Bactria (to the northwest of northern Afghanistan), invade India
200-100 The Sanskrit text
Saddharmapundarika
(The lotus of the good law), expounding the doctrines of Mahayana (later) Buddhism, is written
50 B.C. - A.D. 250 The Satavahana kings of central India patronize lyric poetry and narrative literature in Pankrit dialects.
100 B.C. -A.D. 250 Under the patronage of South Indian kings, anthologies of lyric poems of love and war are produced in Tamil, a language unrelated to Sanskrit and the North Indian languages
100-200 Buddhism spreads to China
100 The
Bhagavad-Gita
, the mystical teaching of the god Krishna to the hero Ajurna, is added to the Mahabharata
100 Asvaghosa writes
Buddhacarita
(Acts of the Buddha), a Sanskrit epic poem in the country style, on the life of Buddha; early Buddhist canonical texts in the Pali language, including the Jataka stories, are written down in Sri Lanka
100-200 The
Dharma Sastra
of Manu (The laws of Manu), the authoritative treatise on laws and codes of conduct according to the Hindu religion, is completed
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