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Mesoamerican Civilization

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by

Manon Michel

on 12 January 2014

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Transcript of Mesoamerican Civilization

Mesoamerican Civilization
Downfall
Known For...
The Geography of Mesoamerica
Institutions
Government
Economy
Big Happy Families
The Arts
The Math of it All
Woohoo! At the top!
Mesoamerica: Civilization in flourish
The Mesoamericans were a group of tribes that lived in the general area of Mexico.
The specific tribes we'll be reviewing today are:
The Mayans
The Aztecs
The Incas
Fancy Houses... (or not?)
Simple housing: not many decorations
Sign of wealth was a larger house with extravagant gardens
Diets of many different foods; staple food being corn
Also ate meat; mostly turkey and dog
Strange foods: tadpoles, worms, exct.
Basic drink: water, except the rich enjoyed cocoa too
Mayan Social Structure
Ruling chiefs
Nobles
Merchants and artisans
Farmers
Aztec Social Structure
Nobility
Warriors
Traders
Farmers
Slaves
General Meoamerican family expectations
Children help mothers
Men's duty
Women's duty
Arranged marriages
Technology
Calendars
Solar- aka the "Haab"
Ritual- composed of 260 days
Incan Social Structure
Sapa Incas
High Priests
Army commander in chief
Four Apus
Architects
Temple priests
Artisans
Farmers and sorcerers
Aztec Government


Incan Government

Pyramid:
The Sapa Inca
Supreme Council
Provincial Governors
Officials
Tax collectors
Workers


Mayan Government

Pyramid:
Kings and Nobles
Priests
Laws
Land has...
swamps
volcanoes
beaches
mountains
Mild to heavy rainfall; many rivers
Mayan Architecture:
Houses- simple; no matter social class
Temples- elaborate, beautiful, large
Mayan Art:
mediums- sculpture, ceramic, painting
Musical instruments
Incan Architecture
Cities were- safe, beautiful, simple & planned
Simple houses with elaborate decorations

Incan Art
mediums: Pottery, weaving and metalwork
loved music; specifically woodwinds
Mathematics
Mayans
Number system based on 20; vigesimal system
fingers and toes
Religion
Education
Mayan:
Polytheistic
Nature gods ( Rain corn and sun gods )
Human sacrifices
Later carried on by Aztec and Toltec
Aztec:
Polytheistic
Very strong faith
Temples
Sacrifices
Inca:
Polytheistic
Main god Virachocha
Incas were given their names after their sun god.
Mayan:
Education was only offered to higher people
Lower people got their education from information passed down by their friends and family.
Taught responsibility in ones job
Incas:
General people were not taught
Education system for males
Education system for females
Graduation
Aztec:
General people were not taught
Education system for females
Education system for males

Mayan:
Trade
Depended on agriculture
Self employment
The Mayan civilization died down during 900 A.D. due to unknown reasons
The Aztec empire was destroyed by the Spaniards during 1325 A.D.
The Inca empire was over in 1572 A.D. when the last Inca leader was killed in a civil war
The Mayan civilization thrived and became prosperous between 500 A.D. and 900 A.D.
The Aztec empire was at it's peak in 1519 A.D. when Hernando Cortés discovered it.
The Inca empire flourished from 1400 A.D. to the early 1500s,
Incas
Trade
Agriculture
Manipulation of resources
Aztec
Trade
Agriculture
Self employment
Aztecs
used dots
number system was similar to those of Egyptian hieroglyphs
Full transcript