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The Golden Ratio In Art

This presentation will diplay how the Golden Ratio is found all over the place, but I will go specifically into how it is used in art.
by

Paige Field

on 29 September 2012

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Transcript of The Golden Ratio In Art

... and in art. The Golden Ratio In the world around us. The Golden Ratio, is also known as the golden section, golden mean, golden number, divine proportion, divine section or golden proportion, and is a number that has the value of about 1.618. It has a tenancy of appearing throughout nature, architecture, art, and many more. It is said that when you find the golden rectangle around something, you will find it more appealing. The
golden rectangle that equals exactly
the golden ratio (1.618.) What Is The Golden Ratio? To find the Golden Ratio, you must divide the length of the rectangle by the width. If you cut a square from the rectangle, repetitively, you will eventually be able to draw a spiral. The Symbol for the Golden Ratio. The Golden Ratio is also found in objects, people, art and architecture. An example of where the Golden Ratio is hidden, is in the Great Pyramid Of Giza. To find the hidden Golden Ratio, you must divide the slanted height by 1/2 the base. I believe the ancient Egyptians purposely built the great pyramid to proportions of the Golden Ratio. As we know, they were advanced in most of their technology, as it is, so I wouldn't be surprised if they were aware of the Golden Ratio, well before the Greeks even had a faint idea of it. Although the Egyptians didn't document the Golden Ratio, they were thought to have believed it was sacred, and was supposed to have been important in their religion. Below is the only evidence that suggests the egyptians had any knowledge of the Golden Ratio's existence. Another example of where the Golden Ratio is commonly found, is in art work. The Golden Ratio is a tool used in art to achieve the 'perfect' size, shape and angles. Many artists used it as a guide, including Leonard De Vinci, George Pierre Seurat, and Salvador Dali. The ancient Egyptians were the first to use the Golden Ratio in art, when doing ancient hieroglyphs. Eventually, once it was rediscovered, other artists started to include it in their work. Leonardo's unfinished painting 'Saint Jerome' has the Golden Rectangle fitted around the central figure so perfectly, people have thought that is was painted to fit the rectangle, istelf. The spiral that is formed in the golden rectangle, is commonly used in modern art, whereas the actual dimensions were more common in traditional artwork. Modern art including the spiral Traditional art using golden rectangle. By fitting the golden rectangle around a face in a painting, and dividing the length by width, if it turns out as 1.618, the face may be found more attractive. This is evident in Leonardo Da Vinci's Painting 'Mona Lisa.' Whether he painted it to fit the Golden rectangle, we are still unsure. Although there is still so much we don't know about the golden ratio, we know it is found everywhere in our everyday lives. From the Pyramid of Giza, to paintings and artwork. The golden ratio gives balance and beauty to the world around us.
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