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Transcript of Art Movements
Is a tendency in art that shares stylistic aspects, philosophy or goals. Each movement is set against the social and cultural background of its period, grounding the artworks in the spirit of their time.
Is a painting style that started in France during the 1860s.
One of the most influential art movements (1907-1914) of the 20th century. Cubism was begun by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in 1907.
The Movement started in Paris in 1920s by André Breton. The aim of Surrealism was to reveal the unconscious and reconcile it with rational life.
Art style started by French artist Georges Seurat in the 1880s. He preferred the name Divisionism.
Impressionist wanted to capture the moment, therefore, light was important to them
Impressionists wanted capture the way light changed colours in their surroundings.
The style is characterized by light colours, choppy brushstrokes, and outdoor settings.
Other impressionist artists: Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Edgar Degas, Berthe Morisot
Cubism rejected the idea of using perspective as seen in nature to create art, overturning conventional systems of art.
It uses geometric shapes to fragment and compose forms and to show objects from more than one view.
In Cubism the subject matter is broken up, analyzed, and reassembled in an abstracted form.
It consist in adding in using tiny adjacent dabs of primary colour to create the effect of light.
When viewed from a distance, the eye blends the dots, in a process called optical blending.
Up close, a pointillist painting can look slightly confusing, but as the viewer backs away, the picture comes into focus.
Other artists: Paul Signac, Maximilien Luce
Even though no orange paint was used, red and yellow create the effect.
Other artists: Joan Miro, Max Ernst, Man Ray
Its goal was to fuse the unconscious (the part of the human mind where memories and instincts are stored) with the conscious, to create a new "super-reality"
Objects and forms are stripped of their actual significance and are greatly distorted (scale, direction,etc.)
Gives importance to: the absurd, the mysterious and destruction.
Surrealist art does not shy away from shocking, sexual or violent imagery; artists within this school actively sought to push the boundaries.
Fauvism was the first of the avant-garde movements that flourished in France in the early years of the 20th century. The name "Fauves", French for "Wild Beasts," was given to artists adhering to this style because it was felt that they used intense colours in a violent, uncontrolled way.
The work is characterized by abstracting real subject matter. Using wild brushstrokes and vivid non-naturalistic contrasting colours.
The Fauves attempted a condensation of the intensifying feelings by pure tones and contrasting bright colours which translated the emotion of the painter.
The subjects in the paintings were shown in a simple way.
Maurice de Vlaminck
Is a mid- 19th century movement, which started in France.
The realists sought to show everyday characters, situations, dilemmas and events; all in an "accurate" (or realistic) manner.
Realism began as a reaction to romanticism, in which subjects were treated idealistically.
Typically it involved some sort of sociopolitical or moral message, in the illustration of ugly or commonplace subjects.
It was a spontaneous plein-air manner of landscape painting whose goal was the exact representation of light.