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SOWK 602 African American Project
Transcript of SOWK 602 African American Project
Career Path and Achievement
Black Professional Pioneer
Over the course of her career Settle helped expose the infamous Tuskegee study of syphilis among black sharecroppers, and played a leading role in Charles Johnson’s "Shadow of the Plantation" study of the sharecropper system.
Mrs. Egypt was personal friends with Langston Hughes and influenced and collaborated with many other authors throughout her life.
Mrs. Egypt was the most avid reader one could image but luckily for her, her educational level left her among the company of many literary giants of her day.
Award Winning Service
In 1981, three days before her death, the mayor proclaimed a day in her honor, and the family planning center was named after her in Washington, D.C.
Ophelia Egypt contributed the slave interviews to Raggedy Thorns, unpublished papers written by Ms. Egypt found in Howard University's archieves.
Ophelia Settle Egypt: Rediscovering Social Science in the Harlem Renaissance," Journal of Southern History (August 2011).
National Association of Social Workers. (2004). NASW social work pioneers. Retrieved from http://www.naswfoundation.org/pioneers/e/egypt.htm
Ann Allen Shockley Interview with Mrs. Ophelia Settle Egypt conducted December 12, 1972 at Mrs. Egypt’s home in Washington, D.C., Fisk University Oral History Program, 1972; www.naswfoundation.org/pioneers/e/egypt.htm
Stevenson, L. L. (2011). The New Woman, Social Science, and the Harlem Renaissance: Ophelia Settle Egypt as Black Professional. JOURNAL OF SOUTHERN HISTORY, 77(3), 555-594.
BlackPast.org - Remembered & Reclaimed. (2011). Egypt, Ophelia Settle (1903-1984). Retrieved from http://www.blackpast.org/aah/egypt-ophelia-settle-1903-1981
Ophelia Settle Egypt
In 1929, Ophelia Egypt was working as a researcher at Fisk University for a sociologist named Professor Charles S. Johnson.
In 1956 Ophelia Settle-Egypt became the first director when Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington opened the first private family planning clinic in Southeast Washinton, DC
This center provided family planning services and community education programs that targeted towards low-income and uninsured women men and teens opened, Ophelia Egypt became the first director when Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington opened the first private family planning clinic in Southeast Washington, DC, from 1956-1968.
In 1925 received a Bachelor Degree from Howard University
In 1928 she obtainedd an Master's Degree in Sociology from the University of Pennsylvania
In 1929 she worked as a researcher at Fisk University in Tennessee for a prominent African-American sociologist, Professor Charles S. Johnson
In 1944 Ophelia Egypt received an Masters from New York School of Social Work, she later received an advanced certificate for work toward Ph.D. at the Pennsylvania School of Social Work
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
Howard University was founded in 1867 and named after Oliver Otis Howard, a civil war hero, Howard University played an important role in American history and the Civil Rights Movement.
Ophelia Egypt was responsible for conducting one hundred interviews with elderly men and women who had been enslavved as children, Some interviews were transcribed and published in 1945 as collections titled Unwritten History of Slavery and God Struck Me Dead. The conversations undertaken by Egypt and her assistants provided the prototype for the thousands of interviews conducted in the 1930s under the auspices of the WPA during the New Deal.
Egypt wrote a children's biography of James Weldon Johnson (published in 1974), which stayed in print for almost thirty years, and she visited schools during Black History Month.
In 1942 the National Conference of Social Work held its convention in New Orlenas, she and Inabel Lindsay, her supervisor at Howard, co-authored an article in Social Work Today, a known outlet for advanced progressive positions. They protested the convention site and described how locating the meeting in the segregated city of New Orleans prevented African American attendees from complete participation in convention activities.
Mrs. Egypt moved from social science research to social work, she introduced innovative programs to brought knowledge of family planning to the city's largely African American southeast neighborhood because she regarded reproductive control as essential to economic progress.
Pioneer in Oral History Research
She wrote multiple unpublished manuscripts under the name E. Ophelia Settle, such as "Case History of an Asthmatic", " A Plan for Teaching Oral History".
In May of 1935 she wrote, "Social Attitudes during the Slave Regime; Household Servants versus Field Winds',
1934 the association's joumal published her paper comparing field hands and house slaves. Her short paper showed that field hands and
house slaves held opposed loyalties. She claimed that field hands were more likely to aid fugitives, for example, whereas house servants, often mulattoes, were more likely to side with their owners' interests and tum in runaways or even assist in punishing captured fugitives.
Ophelia Egypt an extremist on civil rights issues had an outspoken lifelong commitment to equal access and civil rights, commenting on manifestations of prejudice.
Over the course of her career Ms. Settle helped expose the infamous Tuskegee study of syphilis among black sharecroppers, and played a leading role in Charles Johnson's “Shadow of the Plantation” study of the sharecropper system, assist with relief efforts in St. Louis. to address race and class as issues in the provision of human services.
Social Justice Pioneer
She mentored young gay men, she encourgaged them to pursue their education, and introduced them to Glenn Carrington, a collegue he taught them how to negotiate the psychological and social strains that accompanied their new awarness of homosexuality.
In the fall of 1925, she worked as a professor at an all-black Orange County Training School in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where she she introduced oral recitation of memorized pieces.
In 1932 she ended her career as an university-based researcher, and started working as a caseworker at St. Louis Provident Association, a family welfare agency, African American caseworkers were needed to help distribute the welfare and relief funds available through new federal programs.
FLINT GOODRIDGE HOSPITAL, NEW ORLEANS
1969 she also became the
Director of Social Services
at Flint-Goodridge Hospital
in New Orleans.
Flint-Goodrich Hospital, was operated by the Methodist Church and Dillard University from 1911 - 1983. Before approximately 1960, African American doctors were allowed to practice only at Flint-Goodrich and were barred from membership in the Orleans Parish Medical Society. New Orleans' first three African American mayors were born at Flint-Goodrich Hospital.
1949 she started her thesis " Learning to Use Time Structure in Casework with Turberculosis" for advance certificate in social work from the University of Pennsylvania.
1969 she also became the Director of Social Services at Flint-Goodridge Hospital in New Orleans.
In 1971 Mrs. Egypt worked as a social worker in southeast Washington, D.C.
For eleven years she was the director of the community's first Planned Parenthood Clinic, which was named in her honor in 1981.
Charles Spurgeon Johnson (July 24, 1893 – October 27, 1956) was an American sociologist and college administrator, 1946 he became the first black president of historically black Fisk University, and a lifelong advocate for racial equality and the advancement of civil rights for African Americans and all ethnic minorities.
Ophelia Egypt had won a scholarship to a National Student Summer Forum Conference in Woodstock, New York, at which youth from around the world discussed contemporary
literature, drama, and current events.