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Crossing the Chasm
Transcript of Crossing the Chasm
Patricians grew up with good education
Had the ability to pursue what they wanted to do
Could become magistrates and also could rank up and have the honor of being commander of the entire army
The high ranked officers were almost always patricians
Life of Patricians
Compromised of 300 wealthy aristocratic landowners.
The Senate carried out the laws and decisions of the nation.
Currently, the US has 100 members, but the Senate of Rome had 300 people.
This could serve both as a good and bad factor:
Good: It would carry more of a democratic majority;
Bad: There could be bigger arguments about the choices made for Rome.
Life of Plebeians
Held most of the wealth
Were wealthy landowners
The top 1%
Had most of the power
Taxed the plebeians making them poorer
Rise to Power
Social Hierarchy Pyramid
Slave Hierarchy Pyramid
The highest executives of Rome, much like the presidents that we have today.
There were two of these absolute power holders - one could veto the others' choices.
So that one could not hold absolute power, the consuls could only rule for one year, and they could not be re-elected until ten years after their first election.
Crossing the Chasm Between the Rich and Poor
Were slaves who were forced to fight against beasts or other gladiators.
Honored athletes (favored by the crowds) or champions of games could win freedom, money, and/or land.
Usually fed well so they would compete well, but there would be bias in who to take better care of.
Remember, they were still slaves, so anybody who had rights to the ownership of gladiators could still do whatever they wanted.
They would farm, mine, or row large ships (with other slaves).
They did the labor that kept Rome prosperous, but the slaves weren't treated the same way.
Would farm and/or mine for their masters, who were often:
The owners of the land
The mine's watchman
The ship's captain
Would do most of the house work.
Would take care of the master's children.
Maintained the house and cleaned it, making sure his or her master would be happy.
His or her master's importance, as usual, always came first.
We know that the plebeians and patricians were always constantly fighting. We also know that the patricians had most of the rights in ancient Rome.
How did the daily lives of slaves, patricians, and plebeians differ? Were the classes majorly separated in terms of their rights? Did one of the classes have lots and lots of power over others?
We will explore this in the section of "Crossing the Chasm Between the Rich and Poor."
Rome's working class and attained little individual power.
Known as the commoners during the Empire and Republic of Rome, they did many of the important jobs such as being chefs, farmers (90% of the plebeian population in Rome consisted of farmers), builders, and craftsmen.
Many were illiterate and couldn't read or write due to their lack of education.
The daily life of a patrician was very delicate.
The patricians did not have to work as much as plebeians. They did not tend fields. Instead, they wrote letters and met other clients and businessmen at the forum.
Wealthy women spent the day beautifying themselves and also planning dinner parties for their husband when they returned home.
Aristocrats did not have to wake up early. This let them do what they wanted to do.
Household chores and watching over the children were tasks given to the slaves.
Overall, the patrician life was merry and good.
Obviously, you can now see the differences between the rich and poor.
In Ancient Rome, everything was given to the patricians, and the plebeians did not get any of the treatment that the patricians got.
In Ancient Rome, everything was unfair, unless you were a patrician.
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During rule of Ancus Marcius, second class citizens came from other provinces of the Roman Empire
Plebeians excluded from religious and political offices
"Conflict of Order" over political rank went on for several years.
Ended with declaration of equality between patricians and plebeians in 287 B.C.E
Plebeians did this by electing their own leaders and making their own organizations.
Their ultimate threat was to boycott the city and that was when the patricians agreed in equality
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The daily life of a plebeian was difficult.
When the sun came up, the plebeians would already be outside plowing their fields, growing crops, or doing other back-breaking tasks.
They were the lower class of people, who lacked the riches of the patricians.
A typical plebeian family would live in a room of an apartment made out of wood. There would be just enough room to fit their family.
At night, they would eat dinner and go to sleep early in order to conserve their oil lamps.
Later in Rome's history, they were taxed harshly and depended on rations from unloyal generals who wanted more power.
Were usually teachers or guides who taught the Roman children.
Were prisoners of war, but experienced better treatment than the other prisoners who were captured.
Almost treated as plebeians and could have the knowledge to be patricians, but they weren't of Roman descent.
The daily life of a slave could vary from difficult to grueling, depending on what type of slave you were, as we talked about before.
Most slaves had a repetitive, boring lifestyle.
A slave’s day began at daybreak. If his master lived in a cold climate, the first job of the day would be to fire up the hypocaust.
When the day properly began, a whole group of slaves started set tasks.
When a master moved around, slaves would carry him in a litter.
When a master was entertained, slaves would ensure a constant supply of food and drink.
If guests had to return home, a slave or slaves would walk ahead of them with a lighted torch.
A slave could only sleep when they were sure their master was asleep and comfortable.
Crossing the Chasm